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An essential introduction to particle physics, with coverage ranging from the basics through to the very latest developments, in an accessible and carefully structured text. Particle Physics: Third Edition is a revision of a highly regarded introduction to particle physics. In its two previous editions this book has proved to be an accessible and balanced introduction to modern particle physics, suitable for those students needed a more comprehensive introduction to the subject than provided by the compendium style physics books. In the Third Edition the standard model of particle physics is…mehr

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Produktbeschreibung
An essential introduction to particle physics, with coverage ranging from the basics through to the very latest developments, in an accessible and carefully structured text. Particle Physics: Third Edition is a revision of a highly regarded introduction to particle physics. In its two previous editions this book has proved to be an accessible and balanced introduction to modern particle physics, suitable for those students needed a more comprehensive introduction to the subject than provided by the compendium style physics books. In the Third Edition the standard model of particle physics is carefully developed whilst unnecessary mathematical formalism is avoided where possible. Emphasis is placed on the interpretation of experimental data in terms of the basic properties of quarks and leptons. One of the major developments of the past decade has been the establishing of the existence of neutrino oscillations. This will have a profound effect on the plans of experimentalists. This latest edition brings the text fully up-to-date, and includes new sections on neutrino physics, as well as expanded coverage of detectors, such as the LHC detector. End of chapter problems with a full set of hints for their solutions provided at the end of the book. An accessible and carefully structured introduction to this demanding subject. Includes more advanced material in optional starred sections. Coverage of the foundations of the subject, as well as the very latest developments.

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  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: John Wiley & Sons
  • Seitenzahl: 464
  • Erscheinungstermin: 22.03.2013
  • Englisch
  • ISBN-13: 9781118681664
  • Artikelnr.: 38263555
Autorenporträt
Professor Brian R Martin, Department of Physics & Astronomy, University College London, London, UK. Professor Martin is a highly respected academic in his field and has already co-authored a number of successful books, including two previous editions of Particle Physics. He has recently stepped down as Head of Department at UCL after 10 years in the post. Dr Graham Shaw, School of Physics & Astronomy, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK. Dr Graham Shaw has co-authored the highly regarded Quantum Field Theory as well as the two previous editions of Particle Physics.
Inhaltsangabe
Suggested Short Course Inside Front Cover

Editors' preface to the Manchester Physics Series xiii

Authors' preface xv

Notes xvii

1 Some basic concepts 1

1.1 Introduction 1

1.2 Antiparticles 3

1.3 Interactions and Feynman diagrams 9

1.4 Particle exchange 15

1.5 Units and dimensions 19

Problems 1 22

2 Leptons and the weak interaction 24

2.1 Lepton multiplets and lepton numbers 24

2.2 Leptonic weak interactions 31

2.3 Neutrino masses and neutrino mixing 35

Problems 2 50

3 Quarks and hadrons 52

3.1 Quarks 53

3.2 General properties of hadrons 55

3.3 Pions and nucleons 58

3.4 Strange particles, charm and bottom 61

3.5 Short-lived hadrons 66

3.6 Allowed and exotic quantum numbers 72

Problems 3 75

4 Experimental methods 77

4.1 Overview 77

4.2 Accelerators and beams 79

4.3 Particle interactions with matter 86

4.4 Particle detectors 95

4.5 Detector systems and accelerator experiments 112

4.6 Non-accelerator experiments 121

Problems 4 123

5 Space-time symmetries 126

5.1 Translational invariance 127

5.2 Rotational invariance 129

5.3 Parity 135

5.4 Charge conjugation 142

5.5 Positronium 145

5.6 Time reversal 149

Problems 5 153

6 The quark model 155

6.1 Isospin symmetry 156

6.2 The lightest hadrons 162

6.3 The L = 0 heavy quark states 174

6.4 Colour 177

6.5 Charmonium and bottomonium 184

Problems 6 191

7 QCD, jets and gluons 193

7.1 Quantum chromodynamics 193

7.2 Electron-positron annihilation 210

Problems 7 215

8 Quarks and partons 217

8.1 Elastic electron scattering: the size of the proton 217

8.2 Inelastic electron and muon scattering 222

8.3 Inelastic neutrino scattering 231

8.4 Other processes 236

8.5 Current and constituent quarks 243

Problems 8 246

9 Weak interactions: quarks and leptons 248

9.1 Charged current reactions 250

9.2 The third generation 262

Problems 9 274

10 Weak interactions: electroweak unification 276

10.1 Neutral currents and the unified theory 277

10.2 Gauge invariance and the Higgsboson 287

Problems 10 305

11 Discrete symmetries: C, P, CP and CPT 308

11.1 P violation, C violation and CP conservation 308

11.2 CP violation and particle-antiparticle mixing 316

11.3 CP violation in the standard model 340

Problems 11 343

12 Beyond the standard model 346

12.1 Grand unification 347

12.2 Supersymmetry 354

12.3 Strings and things 358

12.4 Particle physics and cosmology 360

12.5 Dirac or Majorana neutrinos? 373

Problems 12 381

A Relativistic kinematics 383

A.1 The Lorentz transformation for energy and momentum 383

A.2 The invariant mass 385

A.3 Transformation of the scattering angle 388

Problems A 390

B Amplitudes and cross-sections 392

B.1 Rates and cross-sections 392

B.2 The total cross-section 394

B.3 Differential cross-sections 395

B.4 The scattering amplitude 397

B.5 The Breit-Wigner formula 400

Problems B 406

C The isospin formalism 408

C.1 Isospin operators 409

C.2 Isospin states 411

C.3 Isospin multiplets 411

C.4 Branching ratios 414

C.5 Spin states 416

Problems C 416

D Gauge theories 418

D.1 Electromagnetic interactions 419

D.2 Gauge transformations 420

D.3 Gauge invariance and the photon mass 421

D.4 The gauge principle 423

D.5 The Higgs mechanism 425

D.6 Quantum chromodynamics 429

D.7 Electroweak interactions 434

Problems D 441

E Answers to selected questions 443

References 448

Index 451

Physical Constants, Conversion Factors and Natural Units Inside Back Cover