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The book focuses on geological history as the critical factor in determining the present biodiversity and landscapes of Amazonia. The different driving mechanisms for landscape evolution are explored by reviewing the history of the Amazonian Craton, the associated sedimentary basins, and the role of mountain uplift and climate change. This book provdes an insight into the Meso- and Cenozoic record of Amazonia that was characterized by fluvial and long-lived lake systems and a highly diverse flora and fauna. This fauna includes giants such as the ca. 12 m long caiman Purussaurus, but also a…mehr

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Produktbeschreibung
The book focuses on geological history as the critical factor in determining the present biodiversity and landscapes of Amazonia. The different driving mechanisms for landscape evolution are explored by reviewing the history of the Amazonian Craton, the associated sedimentary basins, and the role of mountain uplift and climate change. This book provdes an insight into the Meso- and Cenozoic record of Amazonia that was characterized by fluvial and long-lived lake systems and a highly diverse flora and fauna. This fauna includes giants such as the ca. 12 m long caiman Purussaurus, but also a varied fish fauna and fragile molluscs, whilst fossil pollen and spores form relics of ancestral swamps and rainforests. Finally, a review the molecular datasets of the modern Amazonian rainforest and aquatic ecosystem, discussing the possible relations between the origin of Amazonian species diversity and the palaeogeographic, palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental evolution of northern South America. The multidisciplinary approach in evaluating the history of Amazonia has resulted in a comprehensive volume that provides novel insights into the evolution of this region.

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  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: John Wiley & Sons
  • Seitenzahl: 464
  • Erscheinungstermin: 26. September 2011
  • Englisch
  • ISBN-13: 9781444360257
  • Artikelnr.: 38306242
Autorenporträt
Carina Hoorn is a paleoecologist who studied geology andholds a PhD from the University of Amsterdam (The Netherlands) andan MSc in Science Communication (Imperial College, London).Currently she is liaised to the University of Amsterdam and hermain research interests are Amazonia, the Himalayas, Tibet, and thecoastal lagoons of Oman.

Frank Wesselingh is a molluscan palaeontologist whostudied geology at the Vrije Universiteit (Amsterdam, TheNetherlands) and holds a PhD from the University of Turku(Finland). Frank works at Naturalis, the Natural History Museum inLeiden (The Netherlands), and his research interests are fossilmolluscan faunas of long-lived lakes, the North Sea Basin and theIndo-West Pacific.
Inhaltsangabe
Introduction.

Amazonia in its wider context: Delimitations, river, vegetation and landscapes.

Amazonia: Configuration of the sedimentary basins, the Andean foreland, and the significance of Andean tectonics on Amazonia's sedimentary record and the Amazon Fan.

Stratigraphy of Amazonia (synthesis of Neogene formations).

Neogene sedimentary environments (Early Miocene E-W fluvial system; Middle Miocene paleo-Amazon wetland (W-E flow); Late Miocene to Pliocene with inferences based on Amazon Fan/Ceara Rise data; the extent of fluvial and/or tidal environments and marine incursions).

The ancestral tropical rainforest and its evolution: A reconstruction based on a comparison of palynological data from Neogene to Present.

Origin and evolution of the (unique) endemic mollusc fauna of the paleo-Amazon wetland.

Ostracod speciation in the paleo-Amazon wetland.

A reconstruction of Neogene water chemistry and it implications for the climate in Amazonia.

Amazonia's fish fauna: Origins and distribution patters in relation to Andean tectonics, past marine incursions, and the paleo-Amazon wetland.

Vertebrate fauna in Neogene Amazonia: Evidence from the fossil record.

Molecular studies of present fauna groups and implications of the dynamic geological past on present distribution patterns.

Synthesis: Paleogeography of Amazonia with reference to the Amazon Fan and northern and southern South America.Discussion of Neogene to Present landscape evolution in Amazonia linked to species evolution and diversity.
Rezensionen
"The volume edited by Hoorn & Wesselingh is a must read foreveryone studying geology and palaeontology of Amazonia . . .Therefore, the reviewer feels it necessary to recommended thisvolume strongly for all specialists in Cenozoicpalaeoenvironments." (Zentralblatt fur Geologie und Palaontologie,1 January 2011)

"In this comprehensive book, a wealth of detailed informationintegrates what we know of geological and climatic processes andthe evolution of the tremendous biodiversity of the Amazonianregion . . . This book will be a vital reference for Amazonianresearchers and aficionados for many years to come. CurrentAmazonian researchers and any student contemplating graduate studyin Amazonian geology, paleontology, phylogeography, or evolutionshould read this volume from cover to cover." (The Quarterly Reviewof Biology, 1 June 2011)

"Recommenced. Academic audiences, upper-divisionundergraduates." (Choice, October 2010)