Climate Technology Strategies 1 - Capros, Pantelis;Mantzos, Leonidas;Criqui, Patrick
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This book provides a synthesis of the energy-related results of the large scale project entitled "Climate Teclmology Strategy within Competitive Energy Markets" partly financed by the European Commission under the Non Nuclear Energy (JOULE III) EU-RTD programme (Contract JOS3-CT95-0008). Research in this project involved several organisations from almost all European Union member states, including: ICCS/NTUA (co-ordinator), CES/KULeuven, GRETA Associati, University of Mannheim/ZEW, ESD Ltd., IEPE/CNRS, IDEI, IPTS/JRC, UCL/CORE, SSE/EFI, KFA/STE, ENSPM-FIICEG, University of Strathclyde,…mehr

Produktbeschreibung
This book provides a synthesis of the energy-related results of the large scale project entitled "Climate Teclmology Strategy within Competitive Energy Markets" partly financed by the European Commission under the Non Nuclear Energy (JOULE III) EU-RTD programme (Contract JOS3-CT95-0008). Research in this project involved several organisations from almost all European Union member states, including: ICCS/NTUA (co-ordinator), CES/KULeuven, GRETA Associati, University of Mannheim/ZEW, ESD Ltd., IEPE/CNRS, IDEI, IPTS/JRC, UCL/CORE, SSE/EFI, KFA/STE, ENSPM-FIICEG, University of Strathclyde, IER/University of Stuttgart, YTT, ETSU, IIASA/ECS, ERASME/CCIP, ECOSIM Cons. Ltd., OME, BPB, CRES. In relation of the "pre-and post-Kyoto" context for Climate Change and also with th respect to the preparation of the y EU-RTD Framework Programme, a large exploitation ofthe results is being made. Huguette Laval of the European Commission, DGXII, was the project scientific officer. With Pierre Yalette, Head of the Unit in DGXII, they have given fruitful I advices for the project. Thanks are given to them.
  • Produktdetails
  • ZEW Economic Studies 3
  • Verlag: Physica / Physica-Verlag / Physica-Verlag HD
  • 1999.
  • Seitenzahl: 384
  • Erscheinungstermin: 14. Oktober 1999
  • Englisch
  • Abmessung: 235mm x 155mm x 20mm
  • Gewicht: 502g
  • ISBN-13: 9783790812299
  • ISBN-10: 3790812293
  • Artikelnr.: 08383875
Inhaltsangabe
I: Global and European Energy and Emissions Outlook.- 1 Introduction.- 1.1 Objectives.- 1.2 Models Used.- 1.3 Uncertainties.- 1.4 Plan of the Volume.- 2 Global Outlook.- 2.1 Economic Outlook.- 2.1.1 Economic and Population Trends.- 2.1.2 Economic Projections: the GDP Dynamics.- 2.1.3 Changes in per Capita GDP Profiles.- 2.2 Energy Outlook.- 2.2.1 Energy Resources and Prices.- 2.2.2 World Primary Energy Consumption.- 2.2.3 Energy Balances by Main Regions.- 2.3 Co2Emissions Outlook.- 2.3.1 Trends in Carbon Emissions.- 2.4 Comparisons of Projections of the World Energy System to 2030: Similarities and Differences.- 2.5 Conclusions.- 3 European Outlook.- 3.1 The Baseline Scenario: The European Economy to 2030.- 3.1.1 Introduction.- 3.1.2 Short Run Projections: 1995-2000.- 3.1.3 Long Run Projections: 2001-2030.- 3.1.4 Energy and Emissions Outlook.- II: Meeting The Kyoto Targets:The Role of Policy.- 4 Introduction.- 5 European Policies for Meeting the Kyoto Targets.- 5.1 Introduction.- 5.2 Scenario Assumptions.- 5.2.1 The KATREN Scenario.- 5.2.2 The CO2Tax Scenario.- 5.3 Katren Scenario Results.- 5.3.1 Overview.- 5.3.2 Primary Energy Demand.- 5.3.3 Power and Heat Generation.- 5.3.4 Final Energy Demand.- 5.3.5 CO2Emissions.- 5.4 The Co2tax Scenario.- 5.4.1 Overview.- 5.4.2 Primary Energy Demand.- 5.4.3 Power and Heat Generation.- 5.4.4 Final Energy Demand.- 5.4.5 CO2Emissions.- 5.5 Comparison of ScenarioS.- 5.6 Extrapolation to Eu-15.- 5.7 Evaluation of Costs.- 5.7.1 Definitions and Assumptions.- 5.8 Average Cost Computations.- 5.8.1 Model's Discount Rate.- 5.8.2 At 8% Discount Rate.- 5.9 Marginal Cost Computations.- 5.10 Other Economic Effects.- 6 International Dimensions.- 6.1 Introduction.- 6.1.1 Limits and Interest of a Sectoral Approach to the Evaluation of the Reduction Strategies.- 6.1.2 Effect of a Shadow Carbon Tax and Analysis of Reduction Potential According to Region.- 6.2 Conclusion.- III: Controlling Emissions in The Longer Run:The Role of Technology.- 7 Introduction to Part III.- 8 Power Generation Technology Clusters:Present Status and Its Potential.- 8.1 Nuclear Industry: A Paradigm in Crisis.- 8.1.1 Incremental Innovation in Nuclear Development.- 8.1.2 Renewed Technology Push? The Heritage of Advanced Reactor Programmes.- 8.1.3 Concerns with the Social Acceptability of Nuclear Power.- 8.1.4 Clean Coal Technologies.- 8.1.5 Fuel Cells for Stationary and Mobile Applications.- 8.1.6 Drawbacks to Diffusion.- 8.1.7 Wind Power Generation.- 8.1.8 Photovoltaic Electricity.- 8.1.9 PV Cell Producers.- 9 Technology Scenarios to 2030: Baseline and Alternative Technology Scenarios.- 9..- 9.1.1 Energy Technology Baseline Projection.- 9.1.2 World Energy Technology Scenarios.- 9.1.3 Technical Note: Running the Scenarios.- 9.2 Summary of Assumptions.- 10 Scenario Impacts on World Energy and Emissions.- 10.1 Baseline Electricity Trends.- 10.1.1 The Nuclear Scenario.- 10.1.2 The Clean Coal Scenario.- 10.1.3 The Gas Technology Scenario.- 10.1.4 The Fuel Cell Scenario.- 10.1.5 The Renewable Energy Technology Scenario.- 10.2 Conclusion.- 11 Technology Stories With Primes2 for the European Union; An Analysis For Demand Side, Power and Steam Generation Sector.- 11.1 Introduction.- 11.2 Definition of Technology Progress Stories.- 11.3 The Baseline Scenario.- 11.3.1 World Energy Prices.- 11.3.2 The Baseline Scenario.- 11.4 The Supply Side Stories.- 11.4.1 The Nuclear Story.- 11.4.2 The Clean Coal Story.- 11.4.3 The Gas Story.- 11.4.4 The Fuel Cells Story.- 11.4.5 The Renewable Story.- 11.4.6 The Pessimistic Supply Side Story.- 11.5 The Demand Side Story.- 11.5.1 Effects from Demand Side Progress.- 11.5.2 Effects from Combining Demand and Supply Progress.- 11.6 Concluding Remarks.- 12 Issues for Eu R&D Strategy.- 12.1 Medium Term Issues: Faster Adoption Of Improved Technologies.- 12.2 Long Term Issues: Need For More R&D.- 13 Carbon Removal, Fuel Cycle Shift and Efficiency Measures: A Sectoral View.- 13.1 Carbon Removal and Sequestration.-