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Ecological and environmental research has increased in scope and complexity in the last few decades, from simple systems with a few managed variables to complex ecosystems with many uncontrolled variables. These issues encompass problems that are inadequately addressed using the types of carefully controlled experiments that dominate past ecological research. Contemporary challenges facing ecologists include whole ecosystem responses to planned restoration activities and ecosystem modifications, as well as unplanned catastrophic events such as biological invasions, natural disasters, and…mehr

Produktbeschreibung
Ecological and environmental research has increased in scope and complexity in the last few decades, from simple systems with a few managed variables to complex ecosystems with many uncontrolled variables. These issues encompass problems that are inadequately addressed using the types of carefully controlled experiments that dominate past ecological research. Contemporary challenges facing ecologists include whole ecosystem responses to planned restoration activities and ecosystem modifications, as well as unplanned catastrophic events such as biological invasions, natural disasters, and global climate changes. Major perturbations implicated in large-scale ecological alterations share important characteristics that challenge traditional experimental design and statistical analyses. These include:

* Lack of randomization, replication and independence * Multiple scales of spatial and temporal variability * Complex interactions and system feedbacks.

In real world ecology, standard replicated designs are often neither practical nor feasible for large-scale experiments, yet ecologists continue to cling to these same standard designs and related statistical analyses. Case studies that fully elucidate the currently available techniques for conducting large-scale unreplicated analyses are lacking.

Real World Ecology: Large-Scale and Long-Term Case Studies and Methods is the first to focus on case studies to demonstrate how ecologists can investigate complex contemporary problems using new and powerful experimental approaches. This collection of case studies showcases innovative experimental designs, analytical options, and interpretation possibilities currently available to theoretical and applied ecologists, practitioners, and biostatisticians. By illustrating how scientists have answered pressing questions about ecosystem restoration, impact and recovery, global warming, conservation, modeling, and biological invasions, this book will broaden the acceptance and application of modern approaches by scientists and encourage further methodological development.


Dieser Download kann aus rechtlichen Gründen nur mit Rechnungsadresse in A, B, BG, CY, CZ, D, DK, EW, E, FIN, F, GR, HR, H, IRL, I, LT, L, LR, M, NL, PL, P, R, S, SLO, SK ausgeliefert werden.

  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: Springer-Verlag GmbH
  • Seitenzahl: 312
  • Erscheinungstermin: 20. November 2008
  • Englisch
  • ISBN-13: 9780387779423
  • Artikelnr.: 37286000
Inhaltsangabe
- Unprecedented Challenges in Ecological Research: Past and Present.- Structural Equation Modeling and Ecological Experiments.- Approaches to Predicting Broad-Scale Regime Shifts Using Changing Pattern-Process Relationships Across Scales.- Integrating Multiple Spatial Controls and Temporal Sampling Schemes To Explore Short- and Long-Term Ecosystem Response to Fire in an Everglades Wetland.- Bayesian Hierarchical/Multilevel Models for Inference and Prediction Using Cross-System Lake Data.- Avian Spatial Responses to Forest Spatial Heterogeneity at the Landscape Level: Conceptual and Statistical Challenges.- The Role of Paleoecology in Whole-Ecosystem Science.- A Spatially Explicit, Mass-Balance Analysis of Watershed-Scale Controls on Lake Chemistry.- Forecasting and Assessing the Large-Scale and Long-Term Impacts of Global Environmental Change on Terrestrial Ecosystems in the United States and China.- Gradual Global Environmental Change in the Real World and Step Manipulative Experiments in Laboratory and Field: The Necessity of Inverse Analysis.- Ecology in the Real World: How Might We Progress?.
Rezensionen
From the reviews: "Real World Ecology begins by examining the limitations of many of the older ecological methods for interpreting large scale systems of complex spatial and temporal variability. The editors point out the variety of new techniques that have been proposed, with varying degrees of success. ... Overall there is a great deal of useful material in this book ... . it certainly ought to be in the libraries of all teaching and research groups on ecology." (Janet Sprent, Bulletin of the British Ecological Society, Vol. 41 (1), March, 2010)