Introduction: Bag and Baggage.- 1. Edward Gibbon's Eastern Question, 1776-1788.- 2. Lord Byron, Turkophile, and his Grand Tour to the East, 1809-1811.- 3. Disraeli's Eastern Career, 1830-1854.- 4. Disraeli, the Bulgarian Horrors, and the Reorientation of the Ottoman Empire, 1854-1880.- 5. Greenmantle at the Ministry of Information: John Buchan, the First World War and the Turks.- 6. Arnold Toynbee on the Quai at Smyrna, 1921-2.- 7. Ernest Hemingway on the Quai at Smyrna, 1921-2.- Conclusion: Turkey-in-Europe; Turkey-in-Asia; Turkey-in-Britain.