-5%
98,95 €
Bisher 103,99 €**
98,95 €
inkl. MwSt.
**Preis der gedruckten Ausgabe (Gebundenes Buch)
Sofort per Download lieferbar
Bisher 103,99 €**
98,95 €
inkl. MwSt.
**Preis der gedruckten Ausgabe (Gebundenes Buch)
Sofort per Download lieferbar

Alle Infos zum eBook verschenken
Als Download kaufen
Bisher 103,99 €**
-5%
98,95 €
inkl. MwSt.
**Preis der gedruckten Ausgabe (Gebundenes Buch)
Sofort per Download lieferbar
Abo Download
9,90 € / Monat*
*Abopreis beinhaltet vier eBooks, die aus der tolino select Titelauswahl im Abo geladen werden können.

inkl. MwSt.
Sofort per Download lieferbar

Einmalig pro Kunde einen Monat kostenlos testen (danach 9,90 € pro Monat), jeden Monat 4 aus 40 Titeln wählen, monatlich kündbar.

Mehr zum tolino select eBook-Abo
Jetzt verschenken
Bisher 103,99 €**
-5%
98,95 €
inkl. MwSt.
**Preis der gedruckten Ausgabe (Gebundenes Buch)
Sofort per Download lieferbar

Alle Infos zum eBook verschenken
49 °P sammeln

  • Format: PDF


This book is on evidence for character judgments, answering questions about how such judgments are and should be supported or refuted by verifiable evidence. For example, if I claim that some particular person has integrity, or does not, what kind of justification should properly be used to support or refute the claim? This book answers the question using a model of abductive reasoning, commonly called inference to the best explanation. The methodology of the book derives from recent work on models of reasoning in argumentation theory and artificial intelligence. The aim is not just to show…mehr

Produktbeschreibung
This book is on evidence for character judgments, answering questions about how such judgments are and should be supported or refuted by verifiable evidence. For example, if I claim that some particular person has integrity, or does not, what kind of justification should properly be used to support or refute the claim? This book answers the question using a model of abductive reasoning, commonly called inference to the best explanation. The methodology of the book derives from recent work on models of reasoning in argumentation theory and artificial intelligence. The aim is not just to show how character judgments are made, but to show how they should be properly be made based on sound reasoning, in order to avoid errors and superficial judgments of a kind that are common. Character evidence in law is on a razor's edge. It is generally inadmissible, for it might tend to prejudice a jury, but it is a kind of evidence often needed in trials, for example, to cross-examine a witness. This book shows that we are not as good at judging character as we think, and often make serious mistakes. But it is shown how character judgments can, in some instances, be based on good reasoning supported by factual evidence in a case. TOC:Acknowledgments.- 1. The Problem of Character Evidence.- 2. Defining and Judging Character.- 3. Integrity and Hypocrisy.- 4. Simulative Reasoning and Plan Recognition.- 5. Multi-Agent Dialogue.- 6. A Multi-Agent System for Character Evidence.- Bibliography.

Dieser Download kann aus rechtlichen Gründen nur mit Rechnungsadresse in A, B, BG, CY, CZ, D, DK, EW, E, FIN, F, GB, GR, HR, H, IRL, I, LT, L, LR, M, NL, PL, P, R, S, SLO, SK ausgeliefert werden.

  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: Springer-Verlag GmbH
  • Erscheinungstermin: 10.11.2006
  • Englisch
  • ISBN-13: 9781402049439
  • Artikelnr.: 37348167
Inhaltsangabe
Acknowledgments. 1. The Problem of Character Evidence. 1.1. Individual Worth and Respect for Character. 1.2. Ruling on Relevance of Character Evidence in Trials. 1.3. Problem of the Two-sided Nature of Character Evidence in Law. 1.4. Innuendo and Attacks on Character. 1.5. Character Assassination and Panegyric Discourse. 1.6. Reputation and Character. 1.7. Character Attacks and Ad Hominem Arguments. 1.8. A Problem of Reasoning and Evidence. 1.9. Character Properties in Law and Ethics. 1.10. Character Evidence in Law and Artificial Intelligence. 2. Defining and Judging Character. 2.1. Bias and Character. 2.2. Habit, Propensity and Motive. 2.3. Agents, Practical Reasoning and Character. 2.4. Character as the Property of an Agent. 2.5. Evaluating Witness Testimony. 2.6. The Structure of Abductive Reasoning. 2.7. Character as an Interpersonal Notion. 2.8. Evidence for Character Judgments. 2.9. Drawing Conclusions by Abductive Reasoning from Data. 2.10. Differentiating Character, Motive and Bias. 3. Integrity and Hypocrisy. 3.1. The Three Central Characteristics of Integrity. 3.2. Judging a Person's Integrity. 3.3. Commitment and Integrity. 3.4. A Case Where a Person's Integrity is in Doubt. 3.5. Living Up to a Commitment. 3.6. Integrity and Living Up to a Commitment . 3.7. Character Attack Based on Alleged Hypocrisy. 3.8. Evaluation of the Alleged Hypocrisy Case. 3.9. Evidence for Judgments of Integrity and Hypocrisy.3.10. The Defeasibility of Character Judgments. 4. Simulative Reasoning and Plan Recognition. 4.1. Collingwood's Theory of Reenactment. 4.2. Simulative and Autoepistemic Reasoning. 4.3. Strategic Use of Simulative Reasoning. 4.4. Scripts and Stories. 4.5. Simulative Practical Reasoning. 4.6. Plan Recognition. 4.7. Characteristics of Simulative Practical Reasoning. 4.8. Combination of Simulative and Abductive Reasoning. 4.9. Abstraction and Chaining. 4.10. Defeasible Reasoning. 5. Multi-Agent Dialogue. 5.1. Plausible Reasoning. 5.2. Plan Recognition and Dialogue. 5.3. Sources of Dialogue Evidence. 5.4. Commitment in Dialogue. 5.5. Legal Evidence and Examination Dialogue. 5.6. Examination Dialogue and Conversational Postulates. 5.7. A Dialectical Theory of Explanation. 5.8. A Dialectical Argumentation Scheme for Abduction. 5.9. Abductive Evidence for Courage Judgments. 5.10. Abductive Evidence for Integrity Judgments. 6. A Multi-Agent System for Character Evidence. 6.1. Character-Based Inferences. 6.2. Inferences Linking Evidence to Character. 6.3. Generalizations and Fallacies. 6.4. Character-Based Evidence Contrasted to Other Evidence. 6.5. Argumentation Schemes. 6.6. Ad Hominem Arguments. 6.7. Plan Recognition and Practical Inconsistency. 6.8. Simulative Reasoning in Ad Hominem Arguments. 6.9. The PFARD Multi-Agent Dialogue System. 6.10. Summary of the Method. Bibliography.