Virtual Principles in Aircraft Structures (eBook, PDF) - Gatewood, M.
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The basic partial differential equations for the stresses and displacements in clas sical three dimensional elasticity theory can be set up in three ways: (1) to solve for the displacements first and then the stresses; (2) to solve for the stresses first and then the displacements; and (3) to solve for both stresses and displacements simultaneously. These three methods are identified in the literature as (1) the displacement method, (2) the stress or force method, and (3) the combined or mixed method. Closed form solutions of the partial differential equations with their complicated boundary…mehr

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Produktbeschreibung
The basic partial differential equations for the stresses and displacements in clas sical three dimensional elasticity theory can be set up in three ways: (1) to solve for the displacements first and then the stresses; (2) to solve for the stresses first and then the displacements; and (3) to solve for both stresses and displacements simultaneously. These three methods are identified in the literature as (1) the displacement method, (2) the stress or force method, and (3) the combined or mixed method. Closed form solutions of the partial differential equations with their complicated boundary conditions for any of these three methods have been obtained only in special cases. In order to obtain solutions, various special methods have been developed to determine the stresses and displacements in structures. The equations have been reduced to two and one dimensional forms for plates, beams, and trusses. By neglecting the local effects at the edges and ends, satisfactory solutions can be obtained for many case~. The procedures for reducing the three dimensional equations to two and one dimensional equations are described in Chapter 1, Volume 1, where the various approximations are pointed out.

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  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: Springer Netherlands
  • Seitenzahl: 695
  • Erscheinungstermin: 6. Dezember 2012
  • Englisch
  • ISBN-13: 9789400911659
  • Artikelnr.: 44180694
Inhaltsangabe
1 / The basic three, two, and one dimensional equations in structural analysis.- 1.1 Introduction.- 1.2 Three dimensional equations.- 1.3 The displacement method of solution.- 1.4 The stress method of solution.- 1.5 The combined method of solution.- 1.6 Two dimensional equations.- 1.7 Saint Venant's principle.- 1.8 One dimensional beam equations.- 1.9 No shear stresses in the beam.- 1.10 Beam cross section of a thin plate with one shear stress.- 1.11 Thin web beams with large flange areas and one shear stress.- 1.12 Torsion of circular cross section and thin wall closed box.- 1.13 Thin web box beam with general loading.- 1.14 Inelastic effects in beams with temperature.- 1.15 Example of inelastic axial stresses and strains with temperature.- 1.16 Sequence loading and thermal cycling in beams.- 1.17 Load-strain design curves for beams.- 1.18 Problems.- References.- 2 / Virtual displacement and virtual force methods in structural analysis.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 The principle of virtual displacements.- 2.3 The unit displacement theorem.- 2.4 The principle of virtual forces.- 2.5 The unit load theorem.- 2.6 The principle of mixed virtual stresses and virtual displacements.- 2.7 The mixed unit displacement and unit load theorem.- 2.8 Two dimensional form of the virtual principles.- 2.9 One dimensional forms of the virtual principles.- 2.10 The one dimensional virtual principles with temperature, inelastic and large displacement effects.- 2.11 Matrix forms of the virtual principles.- 2.12 Problems.- References.- 3 / The virtual principles for pin-jointed trusses.- 3.1 Introduction.- 3.2 The unit displacement theorem for trusses.- 3.3 The unit load theorem for trusses.- 3.4 Inelastic effects with temperature changes in trusses.- 3.5 Matrix equations for trusses from the unit displacement theorem.- 3.6 Matrix equations for trusses from the unit load theorem.- 3.7 Matrix equations for trusses from the mixed unit displacement and unit load theorem.- 3.8 Problems.- References.- 4 / The virtual principles for simple beams.- 4.1 Introduction.- 4.2 Principle of virtual displacements for beams.- 4.3 Point values for beam elements by the principle of virtual displacements.- 4.4 Principle of virtual forces for beams.- 4.5 Point values for beam elements by the unit load theorem.- 4.6 Principle of mixed virtual stresses and virtual displacements for beams.- 4.7 Inelastic and temperature effects in simple beams.- 4.8 Matrix equations for beams from the unit displacement theorem.- 4.9 Matrix equations for beams from the unit load theorem.- 4.10 Matrix equations for beams from the mixed unit displacement and unit load theorem.- 4.11 The beam column equations.- 4.12 Problems.- References.- 5 / Box beam shear stresses and deflections.- 5.1 Introduction.- 5.2 Shear stresses in beams.- 5.3 Torsional shear stresses in beams.- 5.4 Shear flows in open box beams.- 5.5 Shear flows in single cell box beams.- 5.6 Shear flows in multi-cell box beams.- 5.7 Shear center for closed box beams.- 5.8 Shear flows in tapered box beams.- 5.9 Inelastic and buckling shear stresses in beams.- 5.10 Axial and bending deflections of box beams with inelastic and temperature effects.- 5.11 Shear deflections of beams.- 5.12 Torsional rotation of beams.- 5.13 Rotation of swept wings.- 5.14 Spanwise airload distribution and static wing divergence under rotation.- 5.15 Static aileron effectiveness and reversal speed under wing rotation.- 5.16 Problems.- References.- 6 / Shear lag in thin web structures.- 6.1 Introduction.- 1. Solutions for determinate cases.- 6.2 Shear flows due to concentrated loads into thin webs.- 6.3 Shear flows around cut-outs in thin web beams.- 6.4 Cut-outs in box beams.- 6.5 Shear flows in ribs and bulkheads.- 6.6 Forces on ribs due to airloads and taper effects.- 2. Solutions for redundant cases.- 6.7 Restraint effects in thin web structures.- 6.8 Shear flows in redundant beams in one plane.- 6.9 Deflections of thin web structures.- 6.10 Flexibility mat