It provides the first comprehensive assessment of the role of the police in homeland security functions, the effectiveness of strategies, the impacts of homeland security threats on police organization, and on the relationships between police and community. The book's authors include some of the best known scholars in policing and in the area of policing terrorism brought together by the National Institute of Justice and the Ministry of Public Security in Israel to provide cutting edge discussion of the challenges presented by terrorism for police in democratic societies. Each chapter includes not only an up to date survey of the literature in the areas covered, but also a discussion what we need to know to develop better policies and practices.
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- Verlag: Springer-Verlag GmbH
- Erscheinungstermin: 06.06.2009
- ISBN-13: 9780387736853
- Artikelnr.: 37287052
I. Introduction The Steering Committee will write an introduction to this volume that would seek to identify the importance of examining the topic of policing in an age of terrorism and beyond. What factors made it critical to develop this work, and what type of contribution do we hope that this volume will make. The introduction would also trace the major themes of the previous decade to put these issues in context, and raise a series of questions that are linked to the chapters. This introductory chapter should explain why we have selected the chapters included and how they relate to each other to form a cogent thematic volume. Paper 1: The Threat of Terrorism in Democratic Societies: An Assessment What is terrorism? What forms does it take? What new social and political problems does it create for democratic societies? This first paper should provide a clear statement of what is known about terrorism. It should review the threats faced and provide data on such issues as the number of attacks, their seriousness and the outcomes in terms of human, social and economic costs. The paper should be comparative and look at terrorism globally with a strong focus on Western democracies. This paper should also go beyond a simple description of terrorism, and look at the wider social impacts of terrorism, with an emphasis on the possible relationships between terrorism and crime. Authors: Two papers: 1)Gary LaFree & Laura Dugan 2)Boaz Ganor Paper 2: Terrorism and the Police: Competing Perspectives and Dilemmas regarding the Role of the Police (and other Institutions) in Fighting Terrorism While many scholars and lay people take for granted the fact that the police should play a central role in the fight against terrorism, this chapter seeks to examine the rationale for the police role. What role should the police play in the complex task of preventing, and responding to terror, and responding to the outcomes of terror? In this chapter this question is made problematic. The authors will lay out the reasoning behind the different roles that the police may play in this process, and describing how different democratic societies have defined this role. Are there models of policing in democratic society in which the police role is less pronounced and models that the role is more pronounced (e.g. as in Israel)? What problems are raised by cooperation with other agencies and how is that affected by the division of labor in fighting terrorism? This chapter would also examine how private security has affected the police mandate. Authors: David Bayley & David Weisburd Paper 3: Police Strategies and Tactics in Fighting Terrorism and Crime: What We Know and What we Need to Know This chapter would begin with a description of the specific strategies and tactics that police agencies have developed to deal with terrorism (and the outcomes of terrorism). It would seek to develop a typology of such strategies and if possible describe the costs of implementing them in police agencies. It would include both tactical approaches and technology. It would seek to define the source of strategies and tactics, and the evidentiary foundations (if any) for their use. Ideally this chapter would also say something about the "diffusion" of such innovation across police agencies. How has that happened and how could such diffusion of innovation be encouraged? (This would be especially important in the case of technology). The key element of this chapter is an assessment of what works both in preventing terrorism and in dealing with its consequences. Do we have evidence at this time that would lead us to move in one direction or another? Have technological improvements been assessed empirically and what is known regarding their use? What types of studies are needed to define promising tactics and strategies? Authors: Cynthia Lum and Maki Haberfeld Paper 4: The Impact of Fighting Terrorism on Police Organizations A critical issue that h
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