Lipids in Freshwater Ecosystems - Arts
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There is a general lack of understanding of the role of lipids in aquatic ecosystems. The fundamental purpose of this book is to synthesize the divergent literature on aquatic lipids into a coordinated, digestible form. A large part of the book addresses lipid composition and production in freshwater organisms, with chapters on phytoplankton, zooplankton and benthic invertebrates. A common theme throughout the book is the function of lipids in aquatic food webs, with a chapter devoted exclusively to lipids as indicators of health in fish populations. A complementary chapter highlights the role…mehr

Produktbeschreibung
There is a general lack of understanding of the role of lipids in aquatic ecosystems. The fundamental purpose of this book is to synthesize the divergent literature on aquatic lipids into a coordinated, digestible form. A large part of the book addresses lipid composition and production in freshwater organisms, with chapters on phytoplankton, zooplankton and benthic invertebrates. A common theme throughout the book is the function of lipids in aquatic food webs, with a chapter devoted exclusively to lipids as indicators of health in fish populations. A complementary chapter highlights the role of lipids and essential fatty acids in mariculture. Methodologies to determine the lipid content of aquatic samples and suggestions as to the utility of fatty acids as trophic markers are provided. There is a chapter on the role of lipids in the bioaccumulation and bioconcentration of toxicants and another on the relationships between lipids and surface films and foams. The final chapter highlights the similarities and differences between lipids of marine and freshwater origin. Students and researchers in ecology, phycology, aquatic toxicology, physiological ecology and limnology will find this an invaluable guide and reference.
  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: Springer, Berlin
  • 1998.
  • Seitenzahl: 336
  • Erscheinungstermin: 20. November 1998
  • Englisch
  • Abmessung: 241mm x 160mm x 24mm
  • Gewicht: 650g
  • ISBN-13: 9780387985053
  • ISBN-10: 0387985050
  • Artikelnr.: 07789402
Inhaltsangabe
1. Determination of Total Lipid, Lipid Classes, and Fatty Acids in Aquatic Samples.- 1.1. Introduction.- 1.2. Results and Discussion.- 1.2.1. Sampling and Storage.- 1.2.2. Lipid Extraction.- 1.2.3. Determination of Total Lipid.- 1.2.4. Determination of Lipid Classes.- 1.2.5. Determination of Fatty Acids and Carbon Number Profiles.- 1.3. Conclusion.- References.- 2. Fatty Acids as Trophic and Chemical Markers in Freshwater Ecosystems.- 2.1. Introduction.- 2.2. Nomenclature.- 2.3. Characteristics of Fatty Acid Markers for Trophic Studies.- 2.4. Primary Sources and Trophic Transfer of Fatty Acids.- 2.4.1. Fatty Acid Composition of Algae and Cyanobacteria.- 2.4.2. Fatty Acids as Trophic Markers of Algae and Cyanobacteria.- 2.4.3. Fatty Acid Composition of Bacteria.- 2.4.4. Fatty Acids as Trophic Markers of Bacteria.- 2.4.5. Fatty Acid Markers from Allochthonous Sources.- 2.4.6. Fatty Acids as Trophic Markers in Vertebrates.- 2.5. Research Needs.- 2.6. Conclusions.- References.- 3. Irradiance and Lipid Production in Natural Algal Populations.- 3.1. Introduction.- 3.2. Metabolism and Reallocation.- 3.2.1. Lipids in Relation to Other Macromolecular Classes.- 3.2.2. Diel Versus Light-Phase Allocation and Synthesis.- 3.2.3. Budgets for Overnight Activity.- 3.2.4. Reallocation Among Lipid Classes.- 3.3. Irradiance and Lipid Synthesis.- 3.3.1. Photosynthetic Parameters.- 3.3.2. Light Saturation Parameter, Ik.- 3.3.3. Production Efficiency Parameter, ?.- 3.3.4. Areal Lipid Production.- 3.3.5. Implications of the Irradiance Response.- 3.4. Conclusions.- 3.5. Research Directions.- References.- 4. Lipids in Freshwater Zooplankton: Selected Ecological and Physiological Aspects.- 4.1. Introduction.- 4.2. Usefulness of Areal Energy Reserve Estimates.- 4.3. Time Course of Lipid Deposition/Loss.- 4.4. Lipids as Indices of Stress.- 4.4.1. Ratio of Storage to Membrane Lipids.- 4.4.2. Maternal Lipid Investment.- 4.4.3. Visible Lipid Energy Stores.- 4.4.4. Fatty Acid Composition and Abundance.- 4.5. Ultraviolet Radiation and Zooplankton Lipids.- 4.6. Research Needs and Suggested Future Directions.- 4.6.1. Geographical Disparities.- 4.6.2. Physicochemical Disparities.- 4.6.3. Essential Fatty Acids.- 4.6.4. Effects of Temperature Changes.- 4.6.5. Diapause.- 4.6.6. Lipids as Allelopathic Compounds and Chemical Feeding Deterrents.- 4.7. Conclusions.- References.- 5. Lipid Dietary Dependencies in Zooplankton.- 5.1. Introduction.- 5.2. Methods.- 5.2.1. Microparticle Preparation.- 5.2.2. Dietary Supplement Experiments.- 5.2.3. Characterization of the Natural Algal Diet.- 5.2.4. Algal Counting and Autoradiography.- 5.3. Results.- 5.3.1. Supplement Experiments with Natural Populations.- 5.3.2. Lake Waynewood Experiment: October 1989.- 5.3.2.1. Algal Diet.- 5.3.2.2. Response byDaphnia.- 5.4. Discussion.- References.- 6. Seasonal Dynamics of Lipids in Freshwater Benthic Invertebrates.- 6.1. Introduction.- 6.2. Results and Discussion.- 6.2.1. Slope and Profundal Zones.- 6.2.1.1. Crustacea: Amphipoda.- 6.2.1.2. Mysidacea.- 6.2.2. Shelf and Nearshore Zones.- 6.2.2.1. Crustacea: Amphipoda.- 6.2.2.2. Annelida: Oligochaeta.- 6.2.2.3. Insecta.- 6.2.2.4. Mollusca: Bivalvia.- 6.3. Research Needs.- 6.4. Conclusions.- References.- 7. Ecological Role of Lipids in the Health and Success of Fish Populations.- 7.1. Introduction.- 7.2. Results and Discussion.- 7.2.1. Overwinter Starvation and Survival.- 7.2.2. Energy Allocation Strategies.- 7.2.3. Reproductive Development and Early Life History.- 7.2.4. Lipids and Environmental Stress.- 7.2.4.1. Contaminant Effects.- 7.2.4.2. Thermal Effects.- 7.2.4.3. Other Stressors.- References.- 8. Lipids and Essential Fatty Acids in Aquatic Food Webs: What Can Freshwater Ecologists Learn from Mariculture?.- 8.1. Introduction.- 8.2. Results and Discussion.- 8.2.1. Some Important Lipids and Fatty Acids.- 8.2.1.1. Essential Fatty Acids.- 8.2.1.2. Lipid Classes.- 8.2.2. Methodological Considerations.- 8.2.3. Physiological Requirements of
Rezensionen
The book offers an abundance of information on the whole palette of lipid research in aquatic environments. It starts with 2 excellent introductory chapters on technical aspects of lipid... I can strongly recommend this book... Archives for Hydrobiology.