This book is based on the lectures and contributions of the NATO ASI on "Functional Properties of Nanostructured Materials" held in Sozopol, Bulgaria, from 3.-14.6.2005. It gives a broad overview on this topic, as it combines basic theoretical articles, papers dealing with experimental techniques, and contributions on advanced and up-to-date applications in fields such as microelectronics, optoelectronics, electrochemistry, sensorics, and biotechnology. In addition, it presents an interdisciplinary approach as the authors came from different fields such as physics, chemistry, engineering, materials science and biology. Some emphasize is given to the field of nanostructured/nanoscaled thin films, again stretching from basic theoretical over experimental (including both, fabrication and characterization) to application oriented topics. A major advantage of the book, which represents the knowledge of experts from 12 countries, is the combination of longer papers introducing the basic knowledge on a certain topic, and brief contributions highlighting special methods and applications. TOC:Preface.- 1. General Aspects.- Nanoscaled materials: A brief introduction.- 2. Basic Properties of Nanoscaled Materials.- 2.1. Electrical Properties.- Electronic Properties and characterization of disordered semiconductors.- A computer modeling study of hopping transport and variable range hopping in disordered soils.- Electrode-limited currents in thin ternary chalcogenide films.- 2.2. Optical Properties.- A short survey of optical properties of metal nanostructures.- 2.3. Mechanical Properties.- Nanocomposite thin films with improved mechanical properties.- 3. Techniques and Methods.- 3.1. Preparation of Nanoscaled Materials.- Fabrication of nanostructures.- 3.1.1. Bulk Materials.- Optical properties of metal nanoparticles formed by ion implantation and modified by laser annealing.- Synthesis procedures of nanocomposites from gels.- Phase separation and crystallization in high iron containing borosilicate glasses.- Nanocomposites based on immiscible borate glasses.- Investigation of the microstructure of polypropylene composites filled with wood flour modified with monochloracetic acid.- 3.1.2. Thin Films.- Physics of deposition of hydroxyapatite layers by pulse laser deposition method.- Laser deposition of waveguiding films.- Functionalized thin films and structures obtained by novel laser processing approaches.- 3.2. Characterization of Nanoscaled Materials.- Nanostructured films on silicon surfaces.- On the origin of impurities in the window layers of CsTe/CdS solar cells.- 4. Nanoscaled Thin Films.- 4.1. Carbon and Related Materials.- Deposition, characterization and application of nanocrystalline diamond films.- Nano-scale, multi-functional, cubic boron nitride coatings.- Nanocrystalline cubic boron nitride films.- Boron nitride thin layers prepared using a krypton fluoride excimer laser.- 4.2. Silicon-Based Films.- Metal induced crystallization - an advanced method for polycrystalline Si film preparation.- Modication of the optical and structural properties of a-Si1-xCx: H films by ion implantation.- Application of stain etched porous silicon in solar cells and light emitting diodes.- Structural properties of poly-Si thin films on ZnO:Al coated glass substrates obtained by aluminium induced crystallization in different atmospheres.- 4.3. Oxide Films.- CVD-transition metal oxide films as functional layers in "smart windows" and X-ray mirrors.- Plasma assisted deposition of tungsten oxide / silicon oxide multilayer films with sub-nanometer single layers.- Electrical and polarization properties of nanosized ZrO2 on polycrystalline silicon.- Characterization of optical coatings for artwork protection by means of neutron reflectometry.- Functional nanostructured metal oxide thin films for applications in optical gas detection.- 4.4. Further Systems.- Structural characterization of Er: YAG thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition.- Optical behavior of vacuum deposited amorphous and nano-crystalline As2S3 films before and after irradiation.- On the determination of the optical constants of very thin metallic films.- 5. Special Nanostructures: Fullerenes, Nanotube, Nanowires.- Nanostructured carbon materials.- Encapsulates: Nd-Fe-B@C and Fe@C for drug delivery systems and contrast elements, study of structure, chemical composition and magnetic properties.- Carbon-based nanostructures through laser interaction with reactive gaseous mixtures.- Growth and properties of zincsufide nanowires.- Smart materials and martensite microstructures in copper based shape memory alloys; O. Adiguzel.- 6. Applications.- 6.1. Devices, Sensors, Data Storage.- Semiconductor nanostructures for fundamental physics and optoelectronic applications.- Nanostructured materials based devices and sensors.- Atmospheric parameters sensing using nano-technology based sensors and image processed real-time satellite data.- Optical and electronic data storage with phase change materials: From crystal structures to kinetics.- Chalcogenide alloys as a basis for new non-volatile random access memories.- 6.2. Electrochemical.- Nanocrystalline Mg-based hydrogen storage alloys synthesized by mechanical alloying - a review.- Nanocrystalline Mg based alloys obtained by mechanical alloying as precursors for high-capacity negative electrodes in rechargeable Ni-MH batteries.- Electrochemical behavior of nanocrystalline a-Fe2O3 anode material for lithium-ion batteries.- Nano-sized vanadium bronzes as cathode material for rechargeable Li batteries.- Sol-Gel produced mesoporous TiO2/Ag coatings effective in Rhodamine B photooxidation.- 6.3. Biological.- Nanocomposite thin films for biomedical applications.- Bioactivity of nanostructured surfaces.- Effect of dystrophin gene immobilized nano-structured therapeutic templates on aging skeletal muscles.- Immobilization of RNA and protein biomolecules on nanocrystalline diamond for the development of new biosensors.- Subject Index.- List of Contributors.-
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