The Minnesota Code Manual of Electrocardiographic Findings (eBook, PDF)
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This book provides quantitative validated rules for evaluating serial ECG change. Just as the original Minnesota Code uses specified measurement rules to reduce coding variability and a systematic code to indicate these measurements, serial comparison uses a set of measurement rules and a systematic code to document categories of ECG pattern changes. These criteria classify ECG change as "No change", significant increase or significant decrease in specific waveform characteristics. Unlike clinical ECG comparison this procedure provides change criteria independent of clinical judgement that…mehr

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Produktbeschreibung
This book provides quantitative validated rules for evaluating serial ECG change. Just as the original Minnesota Code uses specified measurement rules to reduce coding variability and a systematic code to indicate these measurements, serial comparison uses a set of measurement rules and a systematic code to document categories of ECG pattern changes. These criteria classify ECG change as "No change", significant increase or significant decrease in specific waveform characteristics. Unlike clinical ECG comparison this procedure provides change criteria independent of clinical judgement that have also been validated for their prognostic significance for cardiac endpoints. Updated to reflect changes in understanding over the last 20 years, this title provides the benchmark for coding in electrocardiographic applications. TOC:Preface for the second edition.- Preface for the first edition.- Acknowledgments.- 1 What is the Electrocardiogram or ECG? The Electricity Part of the ECG.- 2 ECG Leads Bipolar Limb Leads (I, II, III) / Unipolar Limb Leads (aVR, aVL, aVF) / Chest Leads (V1, V2, V3, V4, V5, V6).- 3 Measuring Devices Recording Paper Grid / Measuring Loupe / Plastic Ruler / Calibration Deflection / Beats to Be Measured / Mathematical Symbols.- 4 Q-QS Waves (1-Codes).- 5 Frontal Plane QRS Axis (2-Codes).- 6 High R-Waves (3-Codes).- 7 ST Segment Depression (4-Codes) and Negative T-Waves (5-Codes).- 8 Atrioventricular (A-V) Conduction Defects (6-Codes).- 9 Intraventricular Conduction Defects (7-Codes).- 10 Arrhythmias (8-Codes).- 11 Miscellaneous Codes (9-Codes).- 12 Exact Measurements Frontal Plane QRS Axis / Amplitude Measurements / Q-X, Q-T Intervals.- 13 Coding the Whole ECG Coding Hierarchy / Data Recording.- 14 ECG Data Acquisition Procedures and Maintenance of Recording Quality including Technician Training Twelve-Lead Rest ECG Using Single Channel Recorder / Twelve-Lead ECG Using Multichannel Recorder / Minimizing Biologic Variability.- 15 Criteria for Significant ECG Pattern Change.- 16 ECG Indices That Add to Independent Prognostication for Cardiovascular Disease Outcomes.- 17 Quality Control of Visual and Electronic Coding.- Appendix I Minnesota Code 2009 Q and QS Patterns / QRS Axis Deviation / High Amplitude R-Waves / ST Junction (J) and Segment Depression / T-Wave Items / A-V Conduction Defect / Ventricular Conduction Defect / Arrhythmias / ST Segment Elevation / Miscellaneous Items / Incompatible Codes .- Appendix II Novacode and Minnesota Code Equivalents.- Appendix III Major and Minor ECG Abnormalities for Population Comparisons with Minnesota Code and Novacode Equivalents

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  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: Springer-Verlag GmbH
  • Erscheinungstermin: 26.10.2009
  • Englisch
  • ISBN-13: 9781848827783
  • Artikelnr.: 37346618
Inhaltsangabe
What Is the Electrocardiogram or ECG?.- ECG Leads.- Measuring Devices.- Q-QS Waves (1-Codes).- Frontal Plane QRS Axis (2-Codes).- High R-Waves (3-Codes).- ST Segment Depression (4-Codes) and Negative T-Waves (5-Codes).- Atrioventricular (A-V) Conduction Defects (6-Codes).- Intraventricular Conduction Defects (7-Codes).- Arrhythmias, 8-Codes.- Miscellaneous Codes (9-Codes).- Exact Measurements.- Coding the Whole ECG.- ECG Data Acquisition Procedures and Maintenance of Recording Quality Including Technician Training.- Criteria for Significant Electrocardiographic Change.- ECG Indices that Add to Independent Prognostication for Cardiovascular Disease Outcomes.- Quality Control of Visual and Electronic Coding.