The American Cockroach - Adiyodi, K.G.
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This volume deals mainly with the biology of the American cockroach, Periplaneta americana (1.). Contributors were urged to emphasize recent findings, including unpublished data when possible, a goal that would not have been feasible if it were not for the two previously published books on the basic biology of cockroaches, The Biology o/the Cockroach (1968) by D. M. Guthrie and A. R. Tindall and The Cockroach, Volume 1 (1968) by P. B. Cornwell. Those topics not included in The American Cockroach, such as external morphology, are well covered in the two preceding books. In addition, these books…mehr

Produktbeschreibung
This volume deals mainly with the biology of the American cockroach, Periplaneta americana (1.). Contributors were urged to emphasize recent findings, including unpublished data when possible, a goal that would not have been feasible if it were not for the two previously published books on the basic biology of cockroaches, The Biology o/the Cockroach (1968) by D. M. Guthrie and A. R. Tindall and The Cockroach, Volume 1 (1968) by P. B. Cornwell. Those topics not included in The American Cockroach, such as external morphology, are well covered in the two preceding books. In addition, these books provided a broad background upon which contributors to The American Cockroach have been able to build with recent trends, new and established concepts and integration. Although this book deals primarily with the American cockroach, many chapters offer a comparative approach in sections where the more recent and exciting research has been accomplished on other species. Most contributors place the cockroach in perspective with regard to its appropriateness or inappropriateness for various types of biological investigations. Many questions are realistically left unanswered when no acceptable or obvious solution is apparent; an invitation to new researchers to consider the cockroach as an experimental subject.
  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: Springer / Springer Netherlands
  • 1981
  • Seitenzahl: 552
  • Erscheinungstermin: 31. Dezember 1981
  • Englisch
  • Abmessung: 241mm x 160mm x 34mm
  • Gewicht: 982g
  • ISBN-13: 9780412161407
  • ISBN-10: 0412161400
  • Artikelnr.: 22478288
Inhaltsangabe
'1. Introduction.- 1.1 Distribution.- 1.2 Life cycle.- 1.3 Ecology.- 1.4 Biotic associations and medical importance.- 1.5 Economic and biological importance.- 2. Integument.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 Structure of the integument.- 2.2.1 Macromolecular structure.- 2.2.2 Chemical composition of the cuticle.- 2.3.3 Supermolecular structure of the cuticle.- 2.3 Integument during ecdysis.- 2.3.1 Post-ecdysial changes in the cuticle.- 2.3.2 Bursicon-mediated control of cuticle sclerotization.- 2.3.3 Accumulative control mechanisms associated with ecdysis.- 2.4 Stabilization of the oötheca.- 3. Circulatory System.- 3.1 Introduction.- 3.2 Heart and circulation.- 3.3 Haemolymph volume.- 3.4 Haemocytes.- 3.5 Constituents of haemolymph.- 3.5.1 Ionic composition.- 3.5.2 Haemolymph sugars: trehalose and glucose.- 3.5.3 Haemolymph lipids.- 3.5.4 Haemolymph proteins.- 4. Nutrition and Digestion.- 4.1 Introduction.- 4.2 Morphology of the alimentary canal and salivary glands.- 4.2.1 General organization.- 4.2.2 Microscopy.- 4.2.3 The peritrophic membrane.- 4.2.4 Innervation.- 4.3 Nutrition.- 4.3.1 Natural and synthetic diets.- 4.3.2 Specific requirements.- 4.3.3 Long-term regulation of intake.- 4.4 Enzymology.- 4.4.1 pH and redox potentials.- 4.4.2 Digestive enzymes.- 4.4.3 Control of secretion.- 4.5 Physiology of digestion.- 4.5.1 Gut movements.- 4.5.2 Absorption of inorganic ions and water.- 4.5.3 Absorption of organic materials.- 4.6 Microbiology and pathology of the gut.- 5. Respiration.- 5.1 Introduction.- 5.2 Rates of gaseous exchange.- 5.3 Morphology of the tracheal system.- 5.3.1 The tracheal plan.- 5.3.2 Fine structure.- 5.3.3 Non-respiratory functions of the tracheal system.- 5.3.4 Spiracle structure.- 5.3.5 Spiracle innervation.- 5.4 Spiracle activity.- 5.4.1 Independent spiracle action.- 5.4.2 Segmental control.- 5.4.3 Intersegmental control.- 5.5 Ventilation mechanisms.- 5.5.1 The organization of pumping movements.- 5.5.2 Ventilation in quiescent insects.- 5.5.3 Ventilation in active and in stressed insects.- 5.5.4 Auxiliary ventilation and autoventilation.- 5.5.5 Spiracle activity coupled to ventilation.- 5.5.6 Non-respiratory functions of spiracle coupling.- 5.5.7 The origin and control of the ventilatory rhythm.- 5.5.8 Sensory co-ordination of ventilation.- 5.6 Diffusive-convective gas exchange in quiescent insects.- 5.6.1 Saturniid pupae.- 5.6.2 Periplaneta americana.- 5.6.3 The endogenous patterning of intermittent ventilation.- 5.6.4 One-muscle spiracles and diffusive-convective gas exchange.- 6. Osmoregulation and Excretion.- 6.1 Introduction.- 6.1.1 General comments and reference to previous treatments of osmoregulation and excretion in cockroaches and other insects.- 6.1.2 Basic concepts in osmoregulation and excretion.- 6.2 Water relations.- 6.2.1 Water content.- 6.2.2 Water loss.- 6.2.3 Tolerance to stress.- 6.3 Components of water and ion metabolism.- 6.3.1 Sources.- 6.3.2 Pools and structures involved in osmoregulation and excretion.- 6.4 Excretory products.- 6.4.1 Nitrogenous excretory products.- 6.4.2 Miscellaneous materials.- 6.5 Regulation and kinetics of osmoregulation.- 6.5.1 Regulation of ionic composition.- 6.5.2 Hormonal influences and kinetics of ion transport.- 6.5.3 Energetics of excretion.- 6.6 Conclusions.- 7. Fat Body and Metabolism.- 7.1 Introduction.- 7.2 Morphology.- 7.3 Histology and ultrastructure.- 7.3.1 Trophocytes.- 7.3.2 Urate cells.- 7.3.3 Mycetocytes.- 7.4 Bacteroids.- 7.4.1 General description.- 7.4.2 Functional significance.- 7.4.3 Culture of bacteroids.- 7.5 Composition of fat body.- 7.5.1 Organic constituents.- 7.5.2 Inorganic constituents.- 7.6 Intermediary metabolism.- 7.6.1 Synthesis of glycogen and trehalose.- 7.6.2 Gluconeogenesis.- 7.6.3 Synthesis of lipids.- 7.6.4 Protein synthesis.- 7.6.5 Uric acid metabolism.- 7.6.6 Amino acid metabolism.- 7.6.7 Glycogenolysis.- 7.6.8 Glycolysis and th

'1. Introduction.- 1.1 Distribution.- 1.2 Life cycle.- 1.3 Ecology.- 1.4 Biotic associations and medical importance.- 1.5 Economic and biological importance.- 2. Integument.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 Structure of the integument.- 2.2.1 Macromolecular structure.- 2.2.2 Chemical composition of the cuticle.- 2.3.3 Supermolecular structure of the cuticle.- 2.3 Integument during ecdysis.- 2.3.1 Post-ecdysial changes in the cuticle.- 2.3.2 Bursicon-mediated control of cuticle sclerotization.- 2.3.3 Accumulative control mechanisms associated with ecdysis.- 2.4 Stabilization of the oötheca.- 3. Circulatory System.- 3.1 Introduction.- 3.2 Heart and circulation.- 3.3 Haemolymph volume.- 3.4 Haemocytes.- 3.5 Constituents of haemolymph.- 3.5.1 Ionic composition.- 3.5.2 Haemolymph sugars: trehalose and glucose.- 3.5.3 Haemolymph lipids.- 3.5.4 Haemolymph proteins.- 4. Nutrition and Digestion.- 4.1 Introduction.- 4.2 Morphology of the alimentary canal and salivary glands.- 4.2.1 General organization.- 4.2.2 Microscopy.- 4.2.3 The peritrophic membrane.- 4.2.4 Innervation.- 4.3 Nutrition.- 4.3.1 Natural and synthetic diets.- 4.3.2 Specific requirements.- 4.3.3 Long-term regulation of intake.- 4.4 Enzymology.- 4.4.1 pH and redox potentials.- 4.4.2 Digestive enzymes.- 4.4.3 Control of secretion.- 4.5 Physiology of digestion.- 4.5.1 Gut movements.- 4.5.2 Absorption of inorganic ions and water.- 4.5.3 Absorption of organic materials.- 4.6 Microbiology and pathology of the gut.- 5. Respiration.- 5.1 Introduction.- 5.2 Rates of gaseous exchange.- 5.3 Morphology of the tracheal system.- 5.3.1 The tracheal plan.- 5.3.2 Fine structure.- 5.3.3 Non-respiratory functions of the tracheal system.- 5.3.4 Spiracle structure.- 5.3.5 Spiracle innervation.- 5.4 Spiracle activity.- 5.4.1 Independent spiracle action.- 5.4.2 Segmental control.- 5.4.3 Intersegmental control.- 5.5 Ventilation mechanisms.- 5.5.1 The organization of pumping movements.- 5.5.2 Ventilation in quiescent insects.- 5.5.3