Metabolic diseases such as obesity, diabetes and hypertension are among the most common chronic illnesses and major causes of morbidity worldwide. These diseases are due to alterations of basic metabolic pathways such as those for glucose and lipids, and they are extremely costly to treat. Because of their increasing prevalence they have attracted tremendous attention from the scientific community in recent years and significant advances have been made in our understanding of their molecular nature. * The potential lipotoxic effect of accumulation of fatty acids in non-adipose issue is thought…mehr
Metabolic diseases such as obesity, diabetes and hypertension are among the most common chronic illnesses and major causes of morbidity worldwide. These diseases are due to alterations of basic metabolic pathways such as those for glucose and lipids, and they are extremely costly to treat. Because of their increasing prevalence they have attracted tremendous attention from the scientific community in recent years and significant advances have been made in our understanding of their molecular nature. * The potential lipotoxic effect of accumulation of fatty acids in non-adipose issue is thought to be a major component in the development of insulin resistance. * Chronic exposure to elevated free fatty acids affects pancreatic ß cell function, insulin secretion and lipid synthesis in the liver, and storage in adipose tissue. * Maintaining the normal levels of fatty acids requires coordinated regulation between the liver, adipose tissue and skeletal muscle. This book presents an integrated approach to the problems of obesity and type 2 diabetes and carefully examines the role that fatty acids and lipids play in the development and progression of these diseases and in the transition from one to the other. Topics covered include lipid metabolism, adipose tissue biology, ß cell function and insulin resistance. Specific chapters also deal with the molecular genetics and molecular physiology of energy homeostasis. Fatty Acids and Lipotoxicity in Obesity and Diabetes will be of interest to anyone working on the causes of obesity and diabetes.
Bruce M. Spiegelman Chair's introduction Bruce M. Spiegelman Transcriptional control of energy homeostasis through the PGC1 coactivators Discussion Stephen O'Rahilly Human obesity and insulin resistance: lessons from experiments of nature Discussion Deborah M. Muoio and Timothy R. Koves Lipid-induced metabolic dysfunction in skeletal muscle Discussion Alan D. Attie Matthew T. Flowers Jessica B. Flowers Albert K. Groen Folkert Kuipers and James M. Ntambi Stearoyl-CoA desaturase deficiency hypercholesterolaemia cholestasis and diabetes Discussion Karen Reue The role of lipin 1 in adipogenesis and lipid metabolism Discussion David Carling The role of the AMP-activated protein kinase in the regulation of energy homeostasis Discussion Gökhan S. Hotamisligil Endoplasmic reticulum stress and inflammation in obesity and type 2 diabetes Discussion Ira Tabas Tracie Seimon Jerry Arellano Yankun Li Fabien Forcheron Dongying Cui Seongah Han Chien-Ping Liang Alan Tall and Domenico Accili The impact of insulin resistance on macrophage death pathways in advanced atherosclerosis Discussion Sandra Lobo and David A. Bernlohr Fatty acid transport in adipocytes and the development of insulin resistance Discussion Paul N. Black and Concetta C. DiRusso Vectorial acylation: linking fatty acid transport and activation to metabolic trafficking Discussion Günther Daum Andrea Wagner Tibor Czabany Karlheinz Grillitsch and Karin Athenstaedt Lipid storage and mobilization pathways in yeast Discussion John Zhong Li and Peng Li Cide proteins and the development of obesity Discussion General discussion I Visualizing brown adipose tissue with FDG-PET Takashi Kadowaki Toshimasa Yamauchi Naoto Kubota Kazuo Hara and Kohjiro Ueki Adiponectin and adiponectin receptors in obesity-linked insulin resistance Discussion Gabriel Pascual Amy L. Sullivan Sumito Ogawa Amir Gamliel Valentina Perissi Michael G. Rosenfeld and Christopher K. Glass Anti-inflammatory and antidiabetic roles of PPAR³ Discussion Final discussion Nutrition ageing and lipotoxicity Index of contributors Subject index
"This book will be an excellent resource for either beginning students or more established investigators in the field. The speakers are all top notch researchers who gave clear and informative presentations. The integrative nature of the follow up discussions and the excellent insights provided by the chair of the meeting throughout give the book an unusual coherence and consistency that is often lacking in broad, general reviews." ( Doody s , April 2008)
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