The Notion of Activity in Chemistry - Burgot, Jean-Louis
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This book provides deep insight into the physical quantity known as chemical activity. The author probes deep into classical thermodynamics in Part I, and then into statistical thermodynamics in Part II, to provide the necessary background. The treatment has been streamlined by placing some background material in appendices. Chemical Activity is of interest not only to those in chemical thermodynamics, but also to chemical engineers working with mass transfer and its applications - for example, separation methods.…mehr

Produktbeschreibung
This book provides deep insight into the physical quantity known as chemical activity. The author probes deep into classical thermodynamics in Part I, and then into statistical thermodynamics in Part II, to provide the necessary background. The treatment has been streamlined by placing some background material in appendices. Chemical Activity is of interest not only to those in chemical thermodynamics, but also to chemical engineers working with mass transfer and its applications - for example, separation methods.
  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: Springer / Springer, Berlin
  • Artikelnr. des Verlages: 978-3-319-83511-2
  • Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2017
  • Seitenzahl: 652
  • Erscheinungstermin: 29. April 2018
  • Englisch
  • Abmessung: 235mm x 155mm x 34mm
  • Gewicht: 985g
  • ISBN-13: 9783319835112
  • ISBN-10: 3319835114
  • Artikelnr.: 53571218
Inhaltsangabe
1st part: The Activity in Classical Thermodynamics
Chapter 1: Thermodynamic systems Chapter 2: Gibbs and Helmhotz energies Chapter 3: Escaping tendency and molar Gibbs energy Chapter 4 : Partial molar properties Chapter 5: Chemical potential or partial molar Gibbs energy Chapter 6: An overview of the notion of activity Chapter 7: The concept of fugacity Chapter 8: Ideal solutions Chapter 9: Definitions of the activity Chapter 10: Activity of a gaz Chapter 11: Activities of non- electrolytes in solutions Chapter 12:Activities of electrolytes: definitions Chapter 13: Determination of the activity of non-electrolytes Chapter 14: Determination of the activity of electrolytes Chapter 15: Debye and Hückel 's relations Chapter 16: Excess Gibbs energies and activities Chapter 17: Chemical equilibrium constants : activities and Gibbs energies of reactions Chapter 18: Derivation of thermodynamic equilibrium constants- pH and its measure Chapter 19: General principles of calculations of ionic species concentrations in solutions involving activities
2nd part: The Activity in Statistical Thermodynamics
Chapter 20: Statistical thermodynamics in brief Chapter 21: Concept of ensembles and postulates Chapter 22: The canonical ensemble: notion of distribution Chapter 23: Thermodynamic quantities in the framework of the canonical ensemble Chapter 24: Other ensembles Chapter 25: Systems of molecules and subsystems independent distinguishable and "indistinguishable" Chapter 26: Perfect gases Chapter 27: Classical statistical mechanics- Notion of configuration - Classical canonical partition function Chapter 28: The configurational partition function - Molecular distribution functions Chapter 29: The radial distribution function Chapter 30: Radial distribution function and thermodynamic quantities- calculations of the internal energy and of the pressure of a system Chapter 31: Radial distribution function and calculation of the isothermal compressibility coefficient of a system Chapter 32: The chemical potential and the radial distribution function . General formal introduction of the activity and of the activity coefficient Chapter 33: Imperfect gases - The virial coefficients in terms of interaction potential energies Chapter 34: A statistical expression of the activity. A relation between it and the concentration in the case of an imperfect gaz Chapter 35: Activities of gases in a mixture of imperfect gases Chapter 36: Chemical equilibria between gases and statistical thermodynamics Chapter 37: Activity coefficients of gases Chapter 38: Activities and concentrations of non-electrolytes in dilute liquid solutions - McMillan- Mayer's theory of their osmotic pressure Chapter 39: A study of dilute solutions of non-electrolytes at constant pressure and temperature Chapter 40: The activity coefficients of solutes in binary non-electrolyte solutions Chapter 41: Molecular distribution functions in binary mixtures Chapter 42: The Kirkwood-Buff's theory- Changes of chemical potentials of solutes with their concentrations at constant pressure and temperature Chapter 43: Expressions of the chemical potentials of the components of ideal solutions of non- electrolytes Chapter 44: Chemical potentials, activities and activity coefficients of the components of a non- ideal solution of a non-electrolyte Chapter 45: Expressions of the activities of non-electrolytes and of their coefficients Chapter 46: More on the Debye-Hückel 's theory Chapter 47: Distribution functions and the theory of electrolytes solutions Chapter 48: The activity notion in retrospect.
Appendices About Some Authors Bibliography