For the first time Argonne National Laboratory opened it doors in the USA to host researchers from both European and former Warsaw Pact countries to address the latest research on the development, synthesis, characterization and use of advanced carbonaceous materials for electrochemical energy storage systems. This meeting was attended by key scientists from both western and post-socialist universities and companies with a goal to open channels for future collaboration. The energy storage systems covered during the meeting included: metal air primary and rechargeable batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells and lithium-ion batteries. The latest developments on the manufacture of graphites, carbons, and nano-materials and their outlook for use in power sources were also presented . The use of stable conducting polymers and expanded graphite in the cathode of zinc-air batteries was introduced. The role that new forms of carbons play in aqueous asymmetric capacitors was highlighted. The enhancement of cathode performance through the optimization of the carbon in the positive electrode and the use of metal-carbon composites as active materials in lithium-ion batteries were discussed. Also reviewed were recent developments in the use of hard carbons and surface treated graphites as electrode materials. Updates were also provided on the use of lithium-ion batteries for hybrid electric vehicles and power tools. TOC:Preface. 1. New Carbon Materials for Supercapacitors. Subject Overview. Novel Carbonaceous Materials for Application in the Electrochemical Supercapacitors.- Effect of Carbonaceous Materials on Performance of Carbon-Carbon and Carbon-Ni Oxide Types of Electrochemical Capacitors with Alkaline Electrolyte.- Hybrid Supercapacitors Based on a-MnO2/Carbon Nanotubes Composites.- Development of Supercapacitors Based on Conducting Polymers.- Supercapacitors: Old Problems and New Trends.- Modeling Porosity Development During KOH Activation of Coal and Pitch-Derived Carbons for Electrochemical Capacitors.- General Properties of Ionic Liquids as Electrolytes for Carbon-Based Double Layer Capacitors.- 2. Carbon Materials for Gas Diffusion Electrodes, Metal Air Cells and Batteries. Subject Overview.- New Concept for the Metal-Air Batteries Using Composites: Conducting Polymers/Expanded Graphite as Catalysts.- Mechanically Rechargeable Magnesium-Air Cells with NaCl-Electrolyte.- Application of Carbon-Based Materials in Metal-Air Batteries: Research, Development, Commercialization.- Metal - Air Batteries with Carbonaceous Air Electrodes and Nonmetallic Catalysts.- 3. Carbon Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries. Subject Overview.- Carbonaceous Materials for Batteries.- Anode-Electrolyte Reactions in Li Batteries: The Differences Between Graphitic and Metallic Anodes.-Performance of Novel Types of Carbonaceous Materials in the Anodes of CLAiO's Lithium-Ion Battery Systems.- Why Graphite Electrodes Fail in PC Solutions: An Insight from Morphological Studies.- New Developments in the Advanced Graphite for Lithium-Ion Batteries.- Mechanisms of Reversible and Irreversible Insertion in Nanostructured Carbons Used for Li-Ion Batteries.- Some Thermodynamics and Kinetics Aspects of the Graphite-Lithium Negative Electrode for Lithium-Ion Batteries.- Characterization of Anodes Based on Various Carbonaceous Materials for Application in Lithium-Ion Cells.- A Carbon Composite for the Negative Electrode of Li-Ion Batteries.- Electrochemical Intercalation of PF and BF into Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes.- Surface Treated Natural Graphite as Anode Material for High-Power Li-Ion Battery Applications.- 4. Emerging Metal/Carbon Composite Anodes for Next Generation Lithium-Ion Batteries. Subject Overview.- On The Theoretical Prerequisites for Application of Novel Materials in Promising Energy Systems.- Capabilities of Thin Tin Films as Negative Electrode Active Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries.- Composite Anode Materials for High Energy Density Lithium-Ion Batteries.- Electrochemical Activity of Carbons Modified by d-Metal Complexes with Ethanolamines.- Metal-Graphite Composites as Materials for Electrodes of Lithium-Ion Batteries.- Electrochemical Performance of Ni/Cu-Metallized & Carbon-Coated Graphites for Lithium Batteries; C. S. Johnson et al.- 5. New Nano- Through Macro-Carbons for Energy Systems: Synthesis, Modeling, Characterization. Subject Overview.- Stabilization of Graphite Nitrate via Co-intercalation of Organic Compounds.- Electrochemical Stability of Natural, Thermally Exfoliated and Modified Forms of Graphite towards Electrochemical Oxidation.- Low Temperature Synthesis of Graphite from Iron Carbide.- High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy Image Analysis of Disordered Carbons Used for Electrochemical Storage of Energy.- Electrolytes of Carbamide-Chloride Melts at Inert Electrodes.- Graphite Intercalation as a Way to Carbon-Carbon Composites and Carbon Nanoscrolls.- 6. Carbons in the Cathodes of Lithium-Ion Batteries; Alternative Forms of MnO2, Cathode/Carbon Modeling. Subject Overview.- Diagnostic Evaluation of Power Fade Phenomena and Calendar Life Reduction in High-Power Lithium-Ion Batteries.- Modeling of Electrochemical Processes in the Electrodes Based on Solid Active Reagents and Conductive Carbon Additives.- On the Optimal Design of Amorphous Mangaense Oxide For Applications in Power Sources.- Investigation of Cathodic Materials Based on Different Types of MnO2/Carbon.- Investigation of Thin-Film Electrode Materials as Cathodic Actives for Power Sources.- Synthesis of Mixed Oxides using Polybasic Carboxylic Hydroxy-and Amino-Acid Routes: Problems and Prospects.- Improved Electrochemical Properties of Surface-Coated Li(Ni,Co,Mn)O2 Cathode Material for Li Secondary Batteries.- Index.-
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