Electromagnetic Absorption in the Copper Oxide Superconductors - Owens, Frank J.; Poole, Charles P.
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This accessible volume presents an overview of the field with an emphasis on the new superconducting materials. After an elementary introduction to superconductivity, the authors highlight those properties most essential to understanding electromagnetic absorption of the superconducting state. They then outline both basic theories and salient experimental results, emphasizing qualitative aspects and experimental measurements. Readers will gain not only a basic understanding of the subject but also an appreciation of the wealth of information provided by electromagnetic absorption measurements,…mehr

Produktbeschreibung
This accessible volume presents an overview of the field with an emphasis on the new superconducting materials. After an elementary introduction to superconductivity, the authors highlight those properties most essential to understanding electromagnetic absorption of the superconducting state. They then outline both basic theories and salient experimental results, emphasizing qualitative aspects and experimental measurements. Readers will gain not only a basic understanding of the subject but also an appreciation of the wealth of information provided by electromagnetic absorption measurements, as well as insights into the mechanisms of absorption.
In 1987 a major breakthrough occurred in materials science. A new family of materials was discovered that became superconducting above the temperature at which nitrogen gas liquifies, namely, 77 K or -196°C. Within months of the discovery, a wide variety of experimental techniques were brought to bear in order to measure the properties of these materials and to gain an understanding of why they superconduct at such high temperatures. Among the techniques used were electromagnetic absorption in both the normal and the superconducting states. The measurements enabled the determination of a wide variety of properties, and in some instances led to the observation of new effects not seen by other measu- ments, such as the existence of weak-link microwave absorption at low dc magnetic fields. The number of different properties and the degree of detail that can be obtained from magnetic field- and temperature-dependent studies of electromagnetic abso- tion are not widely appreciated. For example, these measurements can provide information on the band gap, critical fields, the H-T irreversibility line, the amount of trapped flux, and even information about the symmetry of the wave function of the Cooper pairs. It is possible to use low dc magnetic field-induced absorption of microwaves with derivative detection to verify the presence of superconductivity in a matter of minutes, and the measurements are often more straightforward than others. For example, they do not require the physical contact with the sample that is necessary when using four-probe resistivity to detect superconductivity.
  • Produktdetails
  • Selected Topics in Superconductivity
  • Verlag: Springer, Berlin
  • 2002
  • Seitenzahl: 216
  • Erscheinungstermin: 31. Januar 1999
  • Englisch
  • Abmessung: 241mm x 160mm x 16mm
  • Gewicht: 481g
  • ISBN-13: 9780306459481
  • ISBN-10: 0306459485
  • Artikelnr.: 22924277
Autorenporträt
Frank J. Owens, PhD, is a senior research scientist of the U.S. Army's Armament Research, Development, and Engineering Center, and a professor of physics in the graduate school of Hunter College of the City University of New York.Both authors are Fellows of the American Physical Society.
Inhaltsangabe
The Superconducting State. The New Superconductors. Experimental Methods and Complementary Techniques. Electromagnetic Absorption in the Normal State. Zero Magnetic Field Microwave Absorption. Low Magnetic FieldInduced Microwave Absorption. Electromagnetic Absorption Due to Vortex Motion. Infrared and Optical Absorption. Applications. Index.