Nuclear Electronics (eBook, PDF) - Polushkin, Vladimir
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With the commercialisation of superconducting particles andradiation detectors set to occur in the very near future, nuclearanalytical instrumentation is taking a big step forward. These newdetectors have a high degree of accuracy, stability and speed andare suitable for high-density multiplex integration in nuclearresearch laboratories and astrophysics. Furthermore,superconducting detectors can also be successfully applied to foodsafety, airport security systems, medical examinations, dopingtests & forensic investigations. This book is the first to address a new generation of analyticaltools…mehr

Produktbeschreibung
With the commercialisation of superconducting particles andradiation detectors set to occur in the very near future, nuclearanalytical instrumentation is taking a big step forward. These newdetectors have a high degree of accuracy, stability and speed andare suitable for high-density multiplex integration in nuclearresearch laboratories and astrophysics. Furthermore,superconducting detectors can also be successfully applied to foodsafety, airport security systems, medical examinations, dopingtests & forensic investigations. This book is the first to address a new generation of analyticaltools based on new superconductor detectors demonstratingoutstanding performance unsurpassed by any other conventionaldevices. Presenting the latest research and development innanometer technologies and biochemistry this book: * Discusses the development of nuclear sensing techniques. * Provides guidance on the design and use of the next generation ofdetectors. * Describes cryogenic detectors for nuclear measurements andspectrometry. * Covers primary detectors, front-end readout electronics anddigital signal processing. * Presents applications in nanotechnology and modern biochemistryincluding DNA sequencing, proteinomics, microorganisms. * Features examples of two applications in X-ray electron probenanoanalysis and time-of-flight mass spectrometry. This comprehensive treatment is the ideal reference forresearchers, industrial engineers and graduate students involved inthe development of high precision nuclear measurements, nuclearanalytical instrumentation and advanced superconductor primarysensors. This book will also appeal to physicists, electrical andelectronic engineers in the nuclear industry.

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  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: John Wiley & Sons
  • Seitenzahl: 402
  • Erscheinungstermin: 07.10.2004
  • Englisch
  • ISBN-13: 9780470857687
  • Artikelnr.: 37299385
Autorenporträt
Vladimir Polushkin started his scientific career with the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research Russia in the Laboratory of Neutron Physics, headed by Nobel Prize winner I.M. Frank. After moving to Berlin (PTB) and later to Cambridge (Oxford Instruments Superconductivity), he is now a principal technologist for Oxford Instruments Analytical.
Inhaltsangabe
Preface.
1. Detection Methods with Cryogenic Particle and Radiation Sensors.
1.1 Quasiparticle detectors. Interaction of nuclear radiation with superconductors.
1.2 Superconducting tunnel junction (STJ) detectors.
1.3 Microcalorimeters based on transition edge sensors (TES).
1.4 Other cryogenic detectors.
Chapter 2. Front-end Read-out Electronic Circuits.
2.1 FET transconductance preamplifiers.
2.2 Dynamics and noise of JFET amplifiers.
2.3 SQUID current amplifiers.
2.4 SQUID control electronics.
2.5 SQUID amplifier in the small signal limit (noise).
2.6 SQUID current amplifier in the large signal limit (dynamics).
2.7 SQUID current amplifier at ultra low temperature.
2.8 SQUID voltage amplifier.
Chapter 3. Energy Resolution (FWHM) of Superconducting Detectors.
3.1 Signal-to-noise ratio, equivalent noise charge and noise linewidth of nucleonic channels. General information.
3.2 Signal-to-noise ratio, energy resolution at FWHM of STJ detectors.
3.3 Noise equivalent power, energy resolution at FWHM of TES microcalorimeters.
3.4 Dynamics and noise of time variant spectrometers.
3.5 Signal-to-Noise ratio of detector arrays with multiplexed readout.
Chapter 4. Pulse Processing Electronics.
4.1 Pulse processing techniques.
4.2 Analogue-to-digital conversion.
4.3 Digital rise (fall) time discrimination.
4.4 Superconductor digital spectrometer.
4.5 Selected topics on the hardware design.
Chapter 5. Applications of Systems Based on Superconducting Detectors.
5.1 Electron-Probe Nanoanalysis with cryogenic detectors.
5.2 Biopolymer mass spectrometer.
Chapter 6. Selected Topics of Analysis and Synthesis of Detector Systems.
6.1 Analogue electronic circuitry analysis and design principles.
6.2 Discrete-time systems and Systems with periodically changing parameters.
6.3 Inductance calculations of the superconducting structures.
Index.