Egress Design Solutions: A Guide to Evacuation and Crowd Management Planning - Tubbs, Jeffrey;Meacham, Brian
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The definitive architectural resource on designing for egress, evacuation, and life safety Egress systems, in concert with evacuation plans and crowd management, form the fundamental basis of good life-safety design for emergency events, yet there are fewcomplete and comprehensive reference books covering the broad nature of this subject. This book fills this gap by providing a comprehensive review of egress design and analysis, covering egress fundamentals and strategies, performance solutions, human behavior, evacuation modeling, evacuation planning, and crowd management. The authors, both…mehr

Produktbeschreibung
The definitive architectural resource on designing for egress, evacuation, and life safety Egress systems, in concert with evacuation plans and crowd management, form the fundamental basis of good life-safety design for emergency events, yet there are fewcomplete and comprehensive reference books covering the broad nature of this subject. This book fills this gap by providing a comprehensive review of egress design and analysis, covering egress fundamentals and strategies, performance solutions, human behavior, evacuation modeling, evacuation planning, and crowd management. The authors, both recognized experts in the field, present egress concepts that are both prescriptive and performance-based, accounting for human behavior in emergency conditions as well as a range of expected hazards. Contents include: * A review of historic and recent tragic life-loss fire events * An overview of prescriptive and performance-based U.S. building codes * Practical design solutions for a wide range of occupancies * Techniques for coordinating egress systems with other critical life safety systems
  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: Wiley & Sons; Wiley
  • Artikelnr. des Verlages: 14671956000
  • Seitenzahl: 544
  • Erscheinungstermin: Mai 2007
  • Englisch
  • Abmessung: 241mm x 212mm x 40mm
  • Gewicht: 1355g
  • ISBN-13: 9780471719564
  • ISBN-10: 0471719560
  • Artikelnr.: 21540774
Autorenporträt
Jeffrey S. Tubbs, PE, is an associate principal with the global engineering and consulting firm Arup, and is staff group leader of Arup's Westborough, Massachusetts, office. Tubbs is a registered fire protection engineer in seven states, and has extensive experience developing prescriptive and performance-based code fire protection, life safety, and egress strategies for projects in the United States and internationally. In addition to being an adjunct instructor at the Center for Fire Safety Studies at Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Tubbs has also contributed his expertise to various building design texts and led the Arup contributions to the National Construction Safety Team investigation of the February 20, 2002, fire at The Station nightclub in West Warwick, Rhode Island.Brian J. Meacham, PhD, PE, is a principal with Arup, leading the firm's Global Risk Consulting Business. A licensed engineer and a fellow of the Society of Fire Protection Engineers, Meacham is widely regarded as an expert in risk-informed performance-based approaches to building regulation and fire protection design. He holds appointments of adjunct associate professor in fire protection engineering at Worcester Polytechnic Institute, and research associate professor and director, Center for Risk and Security, Clark University. Meacham is the editor of the ICC book Performance-Based Building Design Concepts: A Companion to the ICC Performance Code and lead editor of the NFPA book Extreme Event Mitigation in Buildings: Analysis and Design.
Inhaltsangabe
Foreword. Acknowledgments. Introduction. St. Lawrence University Laboratory Building. Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport. International Finance Center. Overview. Myths and Misconceptions. Summary. References. Part 1. Background. 1. Building Codes and Regulations. History and Overview of Building and Fire Codes in the United States. Model Codes. Scope of Building and Fire Codes. Application of Building and Fire Codes. Responsibilities. ICC Codes and Egress. NFPA Codes. Evolution to Performance-Based Codes. Looking to the Future. References. Recommended Reading. 2. Historic Events. Iroquois Theater
Chicago
Illinois
1903. Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
New York
New York
1911. Italian Hall Disaster
Calumet
Michigan
1913. Rhythm Club
Natchez
Mississippi
1940. Cocoanut Grove Nightclub Fire
Boston
Massachusetts
1942. Ringling Brothers
Barnum & Bailey Circus Tent Fire
Hartford
Connecticut
1944. Our Lady of Angels School Fire
Chicago
Illinois
1958. Hartford Hospital Fire
Hartford
Connecticut
1961. Beverly Hills Supper Club Fire
Southgate
Kentucky
1977. The Who Concert
Cincinnati
Ohio
1979. MGM Grand Fire
Las Vegas
Nevada
1980. Dupont Plaza
San Juan
Puerto Rico
1986. World Trade Center Bombing
New York
New York
1993. World Trade Center Collapse
New York
New York
2001. E2 Nightclub
Chicago
Illinois
2003. The Station Nightclub Fire
West Warwick
Rhode Island
2003. Cook County Administration Building
Chicago
Illinois
2003. Summary. References. Recommended Reading. Part 2. Egress System Fundamentals 3. Egress Strategies. Egress System Goals and Objectives. General Egress Strategies. Designing for Occupants with Disabilities. Prescribed Performance. Emerging Egress Strategies. Performance-Based Approaches. Selecting and Evaluating Options. Summary. References. Recommended Reading. 4. Prescriptive Egress Concepts. Fundamentals. Occupant Load. Exit Access. Exit Components. Exit Discharge. Assembly Occupancies. Summary. References. Recommended Reading. 5. Supporting Systems. Systems Approach. Accessibility. Security. Control of Combustibles. Structural Integrity. Fire Rating. Construction Type. Fire Resistance. Compartmentation. Floors. Walls. Doors. Detection Systems. Occupant Notification. Suppression Systems. Smoke Management Systems. Back-Up Power. Evacuation Using Elevators. Types of Elevators. References. Recommended Reading. Part 3. Human Behavior and Performance Concepts. 6. Human Behavior Considerations for Egress System Design. People-Building-Event Interaction. Occupant Characterization. Occupant Reaction and Response in Emergency Situations. Human Behavior and Crowds. Using Occupant Risk Factors to Aid Egress System Design. Summary. References. Recommended Reading. 7. Performance Egress Concepts. Performance Egress Overview. Tenability Criteria. Hazards. Safety Factors and Uncertainties. Evacuation Time Calculation Overview. Limitations with Engineering Calculations. Designing for Elevator Evacuation. References. Recommended Reading. Part 4. Evacuation Planning and Design 8. Evacuation Planning and Crowd Management. Evacuation Planning Overview. Evacuation Plan Development. Typical Challenges with Evacuation Plans. Roles and Responsibilities during Incidents. Evacuation Drilling and Training. Crowd Management Planning. Summary. References. Recommended Reading. 9. Design Solutions. Airport Terminals. Air Traffic Control Towers. Arenas
Stadia
and Sports Facilities. Convention and Exhibit Centers. Courthouses. Detention and Correctional Facilities. Day-Care
Adult-Care
and Assisted-Living Facilities. Hazardous Occupancies. Health-Care Facilities. Historic and Existing Buildings. Museums and Libraries. Performing Arts Centers. Rail Stations and Platforms. Rail and Road Tunnels. Retail Facilities. Tall Buildings. Summary. References. Recommended Reading. Appendix. About the Authors. Index.