Nuclear and Particle Physics - Martin, Brian R.; Shaw, Graham
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Updated and expanded edition of this well-known Physics textbook provides an excellent Undergraduate introduction to the field This new edition of Nuclear and Particle Physics continues the standards established by its predecessors, offering a comprehensive and highly readable overview of both the theoretical and experimental areas of these fields. The updated and expanded text covers a very wide range of topics in particle and nuclear physics, with an emphasis on the phenomenological approach to understanding experimental data. It is one of the few publications currently available that gives…mehr

Produktbeschreibung
Updated and expanded edition of this well-known Physics textbook provides an excellent Undergraduate introduction to the field This new edition of Nuclear and Particle Physics continues the standards established by its predecessors, offering a comprehensive and highly readable overview of both the theoretical and experimental areas of these fields. The updated and expanded text covers a very wide range of topics in particle and nuclear physics, with an emphasis on the phenomenological approach to understanding experimental data. It is one of the few publications currently available that gives equal treatment to both fields, while remaining accessible to undergraduates. Early chapters cover basic concepts of nuclear and particle physics, before describing their respective phenomenologies and experimental methods. Later chapters interpret data through models and theories, such as the standard model of particle physics, and the liquid drop and shell models of nuclear physics, and also discuss many applications of both fields. The concluding two chapters deal with practical applications and outstanding issues, including extensions to the standard model, implications for particle astrophysics, improvements in medical imaging, and prospects for power production. There are a number of useful appendices. Other notable features include: New or expanded coverage of developments in relevant fields, such as the discovery of the Higgs boson, recent results in neutrino physics, research to test theories beyond the standard model (such as supersymmetry), and important technical advances, such as Penning traps used for high-precision measurements of nuclear masses. Practice problems at the end of chapters (excluding the last chapter) with solutions to selected problems provided in an appendix, as well as an extensive list of references for further reading. Companion website with solutions (odd-numbered problems for students, all problems for instructors), PowerPoint lecture slides, and other resources. As with previous editions, the balanced coverage and additional resources provided, makes Nuclear and Particle Physics an excellent foundation for advanced undergraduate courses, or a valuable general reference text for early graduate studies.
  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: John Wiley and Sons Ltd
  • 3rd Edition
  • Seitenzahl: 520
  • Erscheinungstermin: 12. April 2019
  • Englisch
  • Abmessung: 254mm x 208mm x 22mm
  • Gewicht: 1100g
  • ISBN-13: 9781119344612
  • ISBN-10: 1119344611
  • Artikelnr.: 55538275
Inhaltsangabe
Preface to Second Edition. Notes. 1. Basic Concepts. 1.1 History. 1.2 Relativity and Antiparticles. 1.3 Space
Time Symmetries and Conservation Laws. 1.4 Interactions and Feynman Diagrams. 1.5 Particle Exchange: Forces and Potentials. 1.6 Observable Quantities: Cross
sections and Decay Rates. 1.7 Units: Length, Mass and Energy. Problems. 2. Nuclear Phenomenology. 2.1 Mass Spectroscopy . 2.2 Nuclear Shapes and Sizes. 2.3 Semi
Empirical Mass Formula: the Liquid Drop Model. 2.4 Nuclear Instability. 2.5 Radioactive Decay. 2.6 ²Decay Phenomenology. 2.7 Fission. 2.8 ³Decays. 2.9 Nuclear Reactions. Problems. 3. Particle Phenomenology. 3.1 Leptons. 3.2 Quarks. 3.3 Hadrons. Problems. 4. Experimental Methods. 4.1 Overview. 4.2 Accelerators and Beams. 4.3 Particle Interactions with Matter. 4.4 Particle Detectors. 4.5 Multi
Component Detector Systems. Problems. 5. Quark Dynamics: The Strong Interaction . 5.1 Colour. 5.2 Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). 5.3 Heavy Quark Bound States. 5.4 The Strong Coupling Constant and Asymptotic Freedom. 5.5 Quark
Gluon Plasma. 5.6 Jets and Gluons. 5.7 Colour Counting. 5.8 Deep Inelastic Scattering and Nucleon Structure. Problems. 6. Weak Interactions And Electroweak Unification. 6.1 Charged and Neutral Currents. 6.2 Symmetries of the Weak Interaction. 6.3 Spin Structure of the Weak Interactions. 6.4 W± and Z° Bosons. 6.5 Weak Interactions of Hadrons: Charged Currents. 6.6 Meson Decays and CP Violation. 6.7 Neutral Currents and the Unified Theory. Problems. 7. Models And Theories Of Nuclear Physics . 7.1 The Nucleon
Nucleon Potential. 7.2 Fermi Gas Model. 7.3 Shell Model. 7.4 Non
Spherical Nuclei. 7.5 Summary of Nuclear Structure Models. 7.6 ±
Decay. 7.7 ²
Decay. 7.8 ³
Emission and Internal Conversion. Problems. 8. Applications Of Nuclear Physics. 8.1 Fission. 8.2 Fusion. 8.3 Nuclear Weapons. 8.4 Biomedical applications. Problems. 9. Outstanding Questions and Future Prospects. 9.1 Overview. 9.2 Hadrons and Nuclei . 9.3 The Origin of Mass: the Higgs Boson . 9.4 The Nature of the Neutrino. 9.5 Beyond the Standard Model: Unification Schemes. 9.6 Particle Astrophysics. 9.7 Nuclear Medicine. 9.8 Power Production and Nuclear Waste. Appendix A: Some Results In Quantum Mechanics. A.1 Barrier Penetration. A.2 Density of States. A.3 Perturbation Theory and the Second Golden Rule. A.4 Isospin Formalism. A.4.1 Isospin operators and quark states. A.4.2 Hadron states. Appendix B: Relativistic Kinematics. B.1 Lorentz Transformations and Four
Vectors. B.2 Frames of Reference. B.3 Invariants. Problems B. Appendix C: Rutherford Scattering. C.1 Classical Physics. C.2 Quantum Mechanics. Problems C. Appendix D: Gauge Theories. D.1 Gauge Invariance and the Standard Model. D.1.1 Electromagnetism and the gauge principle. D.1.2 The standard model. D.2 Particle Masses and the Higgs Field. Appendix E: Data. E.1 Physical Constants and Conversion Factors. E.2 Tables of Particle Properties. D.2.1 Gauge bosons. D.2.2 Leptons. D.2.3 Quarks. D.2.4 Baryons. D.2.5 Mesons. E.3 Tables of Nuclear Properties. D.3.1 Properties of naturally occurring isotopes. D.3.2 The periodic table. Appendix F: Solutions To Problems. References. Bibliography. Index.