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The field of Cosmology is currently undergoing a revolution driven by dramatic observational progresses and by novel theoretical scenarios imported from particle physics. This book contains lectures by world experts in the various branches of this field corresponding to lectures presented during the School "Frontiers of the Universe" at the IESC, (Corsica, France). These pedagogical lectures cover major subjects relevant to the field (inflation; CMB: anisotropies and polarization; quintessence/dark energy; inflation; CMB: anisotropies and polarization; clusters of galaxies; gravitational…mehr

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Produktbeschreibung
The field of Cosmology is currently undergoing a revolution driven by dramatic observational progresses and by novel theoretical scenarios imported from particle physics. This book contains lectures by world experts in the various branches of this field corresponding to lectures presented during the School "Frontiers of the Universe" at the IESC, (Corsica, France). These pedagogical lectures cover major subjects relevant to the field (inflation; CMB: anisotropies and polarization; quintessence/dark energy; inflation; CMB: anisotropies and polarization; clusters of galaxies; gravitational lensing; galaxy formation; dark matter; supernovae and the accelerating expansion of the Universe), providing invaluable introductory material appropriate to PhD students as well as to more senior scientists who wish to become familiar with the various domains of the modern developments in Cosmology. TOC:From the contents: Basics of Cosmology; M. Signore, A. Blanchard.- X-ray View of Galaxy Clusters, W. Forman.- Clusters: An Optical Point of View; C. Adami.- Cosmology with Clusters; A. Blanchard.- Astrophysical Detection of Dark Matter; S. Colafrancesco.- Non-thermal Processes in Galaxy Clusters; S. Colafrancesco.- Cosmological Inflation; A. Riazuelo.- An Introduction to Quintessence; A. Riazuelo.- CMB Observational Techniques and Recent Results.- Fluctuations in the CMB; A.H. Jaffe.- Supernovae as Astrophysical Objects; B. Leibundgut.- Cosmology with Supernovae; B. Leibundgut.- Gravitational Lensing; F. Bernardeau.- Dark Matter; J. Einasto.- Dark Matter and Galaxy Formation; J. Silk.- Non-Baryonic Dark Matter; P. Gondolo.

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  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: Springer-Verlag GmbH
  • Erscheinungstermin: 30.03.2006
  • Englisch
  • ISBN-13: 9781402030574
  • Artikelnr.: 37360066
Autorenporträt
Alain Blanchard, Observatoire Midi-Pyrénées, Toulouse, France / Monique Signore, Observatoire de Paris, Paris, France
Inhaltsangabe
Dedication, Preface Acknowledgments;
1 Basics of Cosmology Monique Signore, Alain Blanchard
1. Geometry and Dynamics ; 2.Important quantities needed for observations
3. Some solutions of EFL equations:some cosmological models; 4. The standard Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (SBBN);5. Observations of ``primordial abundances'; 6. Confrontation of the observed ``primordial abundances'' to the predictions of the sBBN; Conclusions; References
2 X-ray View of Galaxy Clusters, William Forman
1. Observing Clusters in X-rays -- the Chandra Observatory;2. Regular Clusters XD Cooling Flows A478;3. Physics of Cluster Cores; Acknowledgments; References;
3 Clusters: an optical point of view; Christophe Adami
1. Cluster detections in the optical;2. Studies of clusters;3. Acknowledgements;References
4 Cosmology with Clusters; Alain Blanchard
1. Introduction;2. What is a cluster? ; 3. The spherical model;4. The mass function;
5. Connection to the observations; 6. Properties of Clusters and scaling relations; 7. Clusters abundance evolution; 8. The baryon fraction; 9. Conclusion; References
5 Astrophysical detection of Dark Matter ; S. Colafrancesco;
1. Signals from the Dark universe ; 2. Inference probes;3. Physical probes;4. Conclusion; References
6 Non-thermal processes in galaxy clusters ; S. Colafrancesco
1. Non-thermal and relativistic phenomena in galaxy clusters;2. The origin of cosmic rays in galaxy clusters; 3. The astrophysics of cosmic rays in galaxy clusters ; 4. Conclusions; References
7 Cosmological Inflation ; Alain Riazuelo
1. Introduction; 2. The hot Big-Bang scenario and its problems ;3. Inflation and inflationary dynamics;4. Basics of cosmological perturbations ;Synchronous gauge;Longitudinal or Newtonian gauge; Flat-slicing gauge ; 5. Inflationary perturbations; 6. Basics of quantum field theory;7. Perturbation spectrum; 8. Conclusion; References
8 An introduction to quintessence ; Alain Riazuelo
1. The two cosmological constant problems;2. A scalar field as dark energy;3. Stability of the w Q = Const regime ;4. Model building;5. Dark energy and structure formation; 6. Observational status; References
9 CMB Observational Techniques and Recent Results
1. Introduction;2. Observational Techniques ;3. Recent Observations; 4. Summary; Acknowledgments; References;
10 Fluctuations in the CMB ; Andrew H. Jaffe
1. Introduction;2. Cosmological Preliminaries; 3. The Last Scattering Surface ; 4. Perturbations on Large and Small Scales;5. Oscillations in the Primordial Plasma;6. The Power Spectrum of CMB Fluctuations;7. The CMB and Cosmological Parameters;8. Conclusions; Acknowledgments; References
11 Supernovae as astrophysical objects; Bruno Leibundgut
1. Some History;2. Supernova classification;3. Input Energy;4. Core-collapse supernovae ;
5. Type Ia supernovae ;6. Conclusions; References
12 Cosmology with Supernovae ; Bruno Leibundgut
1. Introduction;2. The Hubble constant;3. The expansion history of the universe;4. Universal acceleration according to Type Ia supernovae ;5. Characterising dark energy ;6. Conclusions; References
13 Gravitational lensing; Francis Bernardeau
1. Introduction;2. Physical mechanisms; Multiple images and displacement field;The amplification matrix ;3. Gravitational lenses in Cosmology;The case of a spherically symmetric mass distribution;Critical lines and caustics in realistic mass distributions; 4. Cosmic Shear: weak lensing as a probe of the large-scale structure;5. Conclusions and perspectives: cosmic shear in a precision;Cosmology era; References
14 Dark Matter ; Jaan Einasto
1. Introduction;2. Local Dark Matter;3. Clusters and Groups of Galaxies;4. Masses of Galaxies ;
5. The Nature of Dark Matter;6. Summary;Acknowledgments;References
15 Dark Matter and Galaxy Formation;Joseph Silk
1. Challenges of dark matter;2. Global baryon inventory;3. Confirmation via detailed census of MWG/M31; 4. Hierarchical galaxy formation;5. Unresolved issues in galaxy formation theory; 6. Resurr