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By combining the analysis of biotic and abiotic components of terrestrial ecosystems, this volume provides a synthesis of material on arid and semiarid landscapes, which is currently scattered in a number of books and journal articles. The focus on water-limited ecosystems is motivated by their high sensitivity to daily, seasonal, and decadal perturbations in water availability, and by the ecologic, climatic, and economic significance of most of the world's drylands.
Conceived as a tool for scientists working in the area of the earth and environmental sciences, this book presents the basic
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Produktbeschreibung
By combining the analysis of biotic and abiotic components of terrestrial ecosystems, this volume provides a synthesis of material on arid and semiarid landscapes, which is currently scattered in a number of books and journal articles. The focus on water-limited ecosystems is motivated by their high sensitivity to daily, seasonal, and decadal perturbations in water availability, and by the ecologic, climatic, and economic significance of most of the world's drylands.

Conceived as a tool for scientists working in the area of the earth and environmental sciences, this book presents the basic principles of eco-hydrology as well as a broad spectrum of topics and advances in this research field. The chapters have been contributed by authors with different expertise, who work in several arid areas around the world. They describe the various interactions among the biological and physical dynamics in dryland ecosystems, starting from basic processes in the soil-vegetation-climate system, to landscape-scale hydrologic and geomorphic processes, ecohydrologic controls on soil nutrient dynamics, and multiscale analyses of disturbances and patterns.


Dieser Download kann aus rechtlichen Gründen nur mit Rechnungsadresse in A, B, BG, CY, CZ, D, DK, EW, E, FIN, F, GR, HR, H, IRL, I, LT, L, LR, M, NL, PL, P, R, S, SLO, SK ausgeliefert werden.

  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: Springer-Verlag GmbH
  • Seitenzahl: 341
  • Erscheinungstermin: 14. März 2006
  • Englisch
  • ISBN-13: 9781402042607
  • Artikelnr.: 37340047
Autorenporträt
Paolo D'Odorico, University of Virginia, VA, USA / Amilcare Porporato, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
Inhaltsangabe
Preface. 1. Ecohydrology of Arid and Semiarid Ecosystems: An Introduction
Paolo D'Odorico and Amilcare Porporato
Part I: Fundamental Processes And Interactions In The Soil-Climate-Vegetation System
2. Soil Physical Properties, Processes, and Associated Root-Soil Interactions
Jan W Hopmans
3. Soil Moisture Dynamics in Water-Limited Ecosystems
Paolo D'Odorico and Amilcare Porporato
4. Ecophysiology of Plants in Dry Environments
Leonardo Lombardini
5. Hydrologic Controls on Water Vapor and Carbon Fluxes in Semiarid Regions
John D. Albertson, ChristopherA. Williams, Todd M Scanlon, and Nicola Montaldo
6. Interactions and Feedbacks between Climate and Dryland Vegetations
Yongkang Xue
Part II: Hydrogeomorphology Of Arid And Semiarid Landscapes
7. Controls on Patterns of Soil Moisture in Arid and Semiarid Systems
Rodger Grayson, Andrew W. Western, Durga D. Kandel, JusUn F. Costelloe, and Davidi. Wilson
8. The History and Evolution of Desert Hydrology and Landforms: The Role of Climate Change
Andrew S. Goudie
9. Hydroclimatology of Wind Erosion in Arid and Semiarid Environments
Wim M. Cornelis
10. Hydrological and Geomorphological Significance of Riparian Vegetation in Drylands
Carlo Camporeale, Paolo Perona, and Luca Ridolfi
Part III: Ecohydrologic Controls On Nutrient Cycling
11. Modeling of Carbon and Nitrogen Cycling in Arid and Semiarid Ecosystems
Stafano Manzoni, Paolo D'Odorico, and Amilcare Porporato
12. Interactions of Water and Nitrogen on Primary Productivity across Spatial and
Temporal Scales in Grassland and Shrubland Ecosystems
Howard E. Epstein, Jose M. Paruelo, Gervasio Pineiro, Ingrid C. Burke, William K. Lauenroth, and John E. Barrett
13. Interactions between Water Availability and Nutrient Cycling in Dry Tropical Forests
Larissa Read and Deborah Lawrence
14. Biogenic Emissions of Nitric Oxide and Nitrous Oxide from Arid andSemiarid Land
Franz X. Meixner and Wen X. Yang
Part IV: Disturbances And Patterns In Arid And Semiarid Ecosystems
15. Pattern and Process in Savanna Ecosystems
Kelly K Caylor and Herman H. Shugart
16. Fire Regimes in Dryland Landscapes
Christelle Hely and SamuelAlleaume
17. Termites as Mediators of the Water Economy of Arid Savanna Ecosystems
J. Scott Turner
18. Understanding Global Desertification: Biophysical and Socio-Economic Dimensions of Hydrology
Fernando T. Maestre, James F. Reynolds, Elisabeth Huber-Sannwald, Jeff Herrick, and Mark Stafford Smith
Contributors
Index

Preface. 1. Ecohydrology of Arid and Semiarid Ecosystems: An IntroductionPaolo D'Odorico and Amilcare PorporatoPart I: Fundamental Processes And Interactions In The Soil-Climate-Vegetation System2. Soil Physical Properties, Processes, and Associated Root-Soil InteractionsJan W Hopmans3. Soil Moisture Dynamics in Water-Limited EcosystemsPaolo D'Odorico and Amilcare Porporato4. Ecophysiology of Plants in Dry EnvironmentsLeonardo Lombardini5. Hydrologic Controls on Water Vapor and Carbon Fluxes in Semiarid RegionsJohn D. Albertson, ChristopherA. Williams, Todd M Scanlon, and Nicola Montaldo6. Interactions and Feedbacks between Climate and Dryland VegetationsYongkang XuePart II: Hydrogeomorphology Of Arid And Semiarid Landscapes7. Controls on Patterns of Soil Moisture in Arid and Semiarid SystemsRodger Grayson, Andrew W. Western, Durga D. Kandel, JusUn F. Costelloe, and Davidi. Wilson8. The History and Evolution of Desert Hydrology and Landforms: The Role of Climate ChangeAndrew S. Goudie9. Hydroclimatology of Wind Erosion in Arid and Semiarid EnvironmentsWim M. Cornelis10. Hydrological and Geomorphological Significance of Riparian Vegetation in DrylandsCarlo Camporeale, Paolo Perona, and Luca RidolfiPart III: Ecohydrologic Controls On Nutrient Cycling11. Modeling of Carbon and Nitrogen Cycling in Arid and Semiarid EcosystemsStafano Manzoni, Paolo D'Odorico, and Amilcare Porporato12. Interactions of Water and Nitrogen on Primary Productivity across Spatial andTemporal Scales in Grassland and Shrubland EcosystemsHoward E. Epstein, Jose M. Paruelo, Gervasio Pineiro, Ingrid C. Burke, William K. Lauenroth, and John E. Barrett13. Interactions between Water Availability and Nutrient Cycling in Dry Tropical ForestsLarissa Read and Deborah Lawrence14. Biogenic Emissions of Nitric Oxide and Nitrous Oxide from Arid andSemiarid LandFranz X. Meixner and Wen X. YangPart IV: Disturbances And Patterns In Arid And Semiarid Ecosystems15. Pattern and Process in Savanna EcosystemsKelly K Caylor and Herman H. Shugart16. Fire Regimes in Dryland LandscapesChristelle Hely and SamuelAlleaume17. Termites as Mediators of the Water Economy of Arid Savanna EcosystemsJ. Scott Turner18. Understanding Global Desertification: Biophysical and Socio-Economic Dimensions of HydrologyFernando T. Maestre, James F. Reynolds, Elisabeth Huber-Sannwald, Jeff Herrick, and Mark Stafford SmithContributorsIndex
Rezensionen
"The diversity of the subject areas treated in this single book is quite amazing."

"...the book calls on authors worldwide as contributors, lending itself to a very refreshing international perspective on the research being conducted in arid areas of Africa and Australia, as well as the United States."

"...the authors have done a good job in linking together the subject matter and in unifying the formatting and tone..."

"...for those who want a taste of the diversity of dryland processes and the role that vadose zone hydrology playes in those processes, this may be the book for you."

Vadose Zone Journal 5:1065 (2006)