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One of the main problems confronting the world of the 21st Century is a shortage of water. There is already severe scarcity in many regions of the world, causing tremendous problems for local populations and indeed entire societies. There is insufficient water available for the production of food to alleviate poverty and starvation; the lack of water hampers industrial, urban and tourism development, forcing restrictions on other sectors, especially agriculture; health problems arise as the deterioration of ground and surface waters favours water-borne diseases, which flourish in the absence…mehr

Produktbeschreibung
One of the main problems confronting the world of the 21st Century is a shortage of water. There is already severe scarcity in many regions of the world, causing tremendous problems for local populations and indeed entire societies. There is insufficient water available for the production of food to alleviate poverty and starvation; the lack of water hampers industrial, urban and tourism development, forcing restrictions on other sectors, especially agriculture; health problems arise as the deterioration of ground and surface waters favours water-borne diseases, which flourish in the absence of decent water distribution and sewerage systems. Water conflicts still arise in areas under stress, while water for nature has become a vanishing priority in such zones.
This book is a guide to the establishment of regional and/or local guidelines for developing and implementing new ideas for coping with water scarcity. The basic premise underlying the book is that water scarcity will persist, so personal, human and society-wide skills will be needed to cope with it while living in harmony with the necessary environmental constraints. The book provides basic information to assist decision makers, water managers, engineers, agronomists, social scientists and other professions (and their students) in formulating coherent, hopefully harmonious and consolidated views on the issue. Guidelines are also given for introducing the general public to the concept of water scarcity and how to deal with it.
Audience:
This book will be of interest to policy-makers, decision-makers, water managers, land use planners, engineers (mainly agricultural, civil and environmental engineers), agronomists, economists, social scientists; other professionals related with water; students (engineering and planning)
  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: Springer Netherlands
  • Softcover reprint of hardcover 1st ed. 2009
  • Seitenzahl: 396
  • Erscheinungstermin: 19. Oktober 2010
  • Englisch
  • Abmessung: 235mm x 155mm x 21mm
  • Gewicht: 594g
  • ISBN-13: 9789048181612
  • ISBN-10: 9048181615
  • Artikelnr.: 32867906
Inhaltsangabe
Foreword iii

1 Introduction
2. Water scarcity concepts

2.1. Concepts
2.2. Coping with water scarcity

3. Physical characteristics and processes leading to water scarcity
3.1. Introduction
3.2. Climatic conditions
3.3. Hydrologic characteristics
3.4. Climate change and its impacts on water scarcity
3.5. Meteorological and hydrological data collection and handling

4. Droughts and desertification
4.1. Droughts
4.2. Desertification

5. Conceptual thinking in coping with water scarcity
5.1. Introduction
5.2. Social value of water
5.3. Environmental value of water
5.4. Landscape and cultural value of water
5.5. Economic value of water
5.6. Priorities for water allocation
5.7. International issues - treaties between sovereign states
5.8. Conclusion

6. Surface water use and harvesting
6.1. Large and small scale projects
6.2. Reservoir management
6.3. Control of water losses and non beneficial uses of water
6.4. Water harvesting
6.5. Environmental and health issues
6.6. Conclusion

7. Groundwater use and recharge
7.1. Introduction
7.2. Major aquifers and well fields
7.3. Minor aquifers of local importance
7.4. Environmental, economic and social impacts of aquifer overexploitation
7.5. Artificial recharge
7.6. Conjunctive use of surface and groundwater
7.7. The use of groundwater in coping with water scarcity

8. Using non-conventional water resources
8.1. Introduction
8.2. Wastewater use
8.3. Use of brackish, saline and drainage waters
8.4. Desalinated water
8.5. Fog-capturing, water harvesting, cloud seeding, and water transfers

9. Water conservation and saving. Concepts and performance
9.1. Concepts
9.2. Water use, consumptive use, water losses, and performance
9.3. Water use performance indicators
9.4. Water conservation and saving to cope with the various water scarcity regimes
9.5. Implementing efficient water use for water conservation and saving

10. Water conservation and saving measures and practices
10.1. Water conservation and saving in urban systems
10.2. Water saving in domestic applications
10.3. Water conservation and saving in landscape and recreational uses
10.4. Water conservation and saving in industrial and energy uses
10.5 Water conservation in dryland agriculture
10.6. Water saving and conservation in irrigated agriculture
10.7. Supply management
10.8. Concluding remarks

11. Social, economic, cultural, legal and institutional constraints and issues
11.1. Local communities
11.2. Urban centres
11.3. Rural areas
11.4. User groups
11.5. Administration of water use - public and private organizations

12. Education
12.1. Need to change attitudes to water12.2. Education and training
12.3. Need for new developments and research
12.4. Development of public awareness of water scarcity issues
12.5. Conclusion

Bibliography
Index
Rezensionen
From the reviews: "This 2002 revision of the UNESCO publication consists of 12 chapters in 357 pages covering a problem that is widespread and growing. ... The book also examines alternative water resources ... conserving water in various situations, constraints ('social, economic, cultural, legal and institutional'), and educational needs. This work covers the area comprehensively and in sufficient detail to meet its stated goals and to illuminate the discussion and planning needed to meet the challenge of water scarcity. Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduate through professional collections." (D. A. Vaccari, Choice, Vol. 47 (3), November, 2009)