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Genetic mapping and marker assisted selection (MAS) is considered as one of the major tools in genetic improvement of crop plants in this genomics era. This book describes basics in linkage mapping, step-by-step procedure to perform MAS, achievements made so far in different crops, and limitations and prospects of MAS in plant breeding. It summarizes all this in a simple but comprehensive mode using suitable examples so as to explain the concept and its historical developments. To summarize, this book describes technologies for identification of genes of interest through genetic mapping,…mehr

Produktbeschreibung
Genetic mapping and marker assisted selection (MAS) is considered as one of the major tools in genetic improvement of crop plants in this genomics era. This book describes basics in linkage mapping, step-by-step procedure to perform MAS, achievements made so far in different crops, and limitations and prospects of MAS in plant breeding. It summarizes all this in a simple but comprehensive mode using suitable examples so as to explain the concept and its historical developments. To summarize, this book describes technologies for identification of genes of interest through genetic mapping, recaps the major applications of MAS to plant breeding; lists examples in which MAS is being applied to various breeding programs, and emphasizes the various difficulties that limit the application of MAS in plant breeding, providing possible solutions to overcome these difficulties, and finally tries to illustrate the future prospects. This book would be a valuable guide to the under-graduates and post-graduates of agricultural universities and institutes that are interested and/or involved in genetic improvement of crop plants using modern tools. Bibliography listed in this book constitutes two parts: literature cited and further reading. Literature cited contains references cited in the text and further information on the given concept/technique can be obtained from these references. Further reading provides a list of suggested readings for in-depth coverage of the topics.

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  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: Springer-Verlag GmbH
  • Erscheinungstermin: 12.12.2012
  • Englisch
  • ISBN-13: 9788132209584
  • Artikelnr.: 37499079
Autorenporträt
N. Manikanda Boopathi is presently working as an Assistant Professor (Biotechnology) at the Department of Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, CPMB&B, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India. He graduated in agricultural sciences, did his masters and doctoral studies in Plant Biotechnology and trained at International Rice Research Institute, The Philippines. He has handled more than 20 courses for under-graduate and post-graduate students in his university and is invited frequently for delivering lectures in several institutions, both in India and abroad. His scientific work has been recognized during several occasions and has brought him laurels and awards. He has a vast experience in QTL mapping and marker assisted selection in rice and cotton. He has completed several national and international research projects and is currently working in two countrywide and one worldwide network projects that address the problems of biotic and abiotic stresses in cotton, mungbean, hot-pepper and tomato using system quantitative genetics. His publications can be found at http://sites.google.com/site/drnmboopathi and/or http://tnaucottondatabase.wordpress.com/.
Inhaltsangabe
'1.Germplasm Characterization: Utilizing the Underexploited Resources.- i)Phenotyping for morphological and agronomic traits.- i) Case study in rice germplasm characterization for drought resistance: Formation of fundamental requirements.- ii) Traits useful for characterization.- b)Allele mining.- c) Genetic diversity and Clustering.- i) Software.- ii) Principle behind the genetic diversity analysis.- iii) Principle of measuring goodness-of-fit of a classification.- d) Genetic Diversity analysis using molecular markers.- e) Parental selection.- 2. Mapping Population Development.- a)Mapping population and its importance in genetic mapping.- b) Selfing and Crossing techniques in crop plants.- c) F2 progenies.- d) F2 derived F3 (F2:3) populations.- e) F2 inter-mattingor immortalized F2 populations.- f)DH lines.- g) BC progenies.- h) RILs.- i) NILs, Exotic libraries and advanced backcross populations.- j) Four-way cross population.- k) Multi-cross populations.- l) Nested association mapping populations.- m) Natural populations.- n) Chromosome specific genetic stocks for linkage mapping.- o) Combining Markers and Populations.- p) Characterization of Mapping Populations.- q) Choice of Mapping Populations.- r) Challenges in mapping population development and solutions to these challenges.- s) Bulk Segregant Analysis.- 3. Genotyping.- a) Markers and its importance.- b)Morphological markers.- c) Biochemical markers or Isozymes.- d) Genome structure and organization.- e) Molecular markers.- f) RFLP.- g) Arbitrarily primed PCR-based markers.- i) RAPD.- ii) AP-PCR and DAF.- iii) AFLP.- h)Sequence specific PCR based markers.- i) Microsatellite based marker technique.- ii) SNP.- iii) SFP.- iv) SCAR.- v) CAPS and dCAPS.- vi) RAMP.- vii) SRAP.- viii) TRAP.- i) Single strand conformation polymorphism.- j)Transposable elements (TE) based molecular markers.- k) Diversity Array Technology (DArT).- l) Intron-Targeted Intron-Exon Splice Conjunction (IT-ISJ) Marker.- m) Restriction site associated DNA (RAD) markers.- n) RNA-based molecular markers.- o) Role of genomics.- p) Selection of Marker Technology.- q) Marker Genotyping and Scoring.- r) Analyzing the genotype score: Chi-square test.- s) _2 test to analyze the segregation ratio using the program ANTMAP.- 4. Linkage Map Construction.- a)Basics of linkage mapping: Mendelian rations, meiosis, crossing over and partial linkage.- b) Mapping function.- c) Mapping of genetic markers: genetic consideration.- d) Testing of linkage: LOD scores.- e) Grouping, ordering and spacing.- f) Sources of error.- g) Chromosomal assignment.- h)Allopolyploidy and autopolyploidy.- i) Bridging linkage maps to develop unified linkage maps.-5. Phenotyping.- a) Phenotyping vs. QTL mapping.- b) Need for precise phenotyping.- c) Phenotyping for biotic stress.- d)Phenotyping for abiotic stress.- e) Heritability of phenotypes.- f)Statistical analysis of phenotypic data: simple statistics, heritability estimation and correlation.- 6. QTL Identification.- a) QTL: a prelude.- b)Single marker analysis.- c) Interval mapping.- d) Multiple QTL and methods to detect multiple QTL.- e) Composite interval mapping.- f) Multiple trait mapping.- g) Testing for linked vs. pleiotropic QTLs.- h) Multiple interval mapping or multiple QTL mapping.- i) Statistical significance.- j)Permutation testing.- k) Bootstrapping.- l) Permutation vs. bootstrapping and other methods.- m) QTL x QTL interaction: impact of epistasis.- n)QTL x Environment interaction.- o) Congruence of QTLs: across the environments and across the genetic backgrounds is the key in MAS.- p)Meta-QTL analysis.- q) Concluding remarks on QTL methods.- r)Alternatives in classical QTL mapping.- s) Bulked segregant analysis and selective genotyping.- t) Genomics assisted breeding.- u) Array mapping.- v) Association mapping.- w) Nested association mapping.- x) EcoTILLING.- y) Challenges in