Using R for Biostatistics (eBook, PDF) - MacFarland, Thomas W.; Yates, Jan M.
103,95 €

inkl. MwSt.
Sofort per Download lieferbar
52 °P sammeln
  • Format: PDF


  • Geräte: PC
  • ohne Kopierschutz
  • eBook Hilfe
  • Größe: 16.38MB
Produktbeschreibung
Autorenporträt
Inhaltsangabe

1 Introduction: Biostatistics and R.- 1.1 Purpose of this Text.- 1.2 Development of Biostatistics.- 1.3 Development of R.- 1.4 How R is Used in this Text.- 1.5 Import Data into R.- 1.6 Addendum1: Efficient Programming with R, Project Workflow, and Good Programming Practices (gpp).- 1.7 Addendum2: Preview of Descriptive Statistics and Graphics Using R.- 1.8 Addendum3: R and Beautiful Graphics.- 1.9 Addendum4: Research Designs Used in Biostatistics.- 1.10 Prepare to Exit, Save, and Later Retrieve this R Session.- 1.11 External Data and/or Data Resources Used in this Lesson.- 2 Data Exploration, Descriptive Statistics, and Measures of Central Tendency.- 2.1 Background.- 2.2 Import Data in Comma-Separated Values (.csv) File Format and/or Self Generate the Data Using R-Based Functions.- 2.3 Organize the Data and Display the Code Book.- 2.4 Conduct a Visual Data Check Using Graphics (e.g., Figures).- 2.5 Descriptive Statistics for Initial Analysis of the Data.- 2.6 Quality Assurance, Data Distribution, and Tests for Normality.- 2.7 Statistical Test(s).- 2.8 Summary.- 2.9 Addendum1: Specialized External Packages and Functions.- 2.10 Addendum2: Parametric v Nonparametric.- 2.11 Addendum3: Additional Practice Datasets for Data with Normal Distribution Patterns and Data That Do Not Exhibit Normal Distribution Patterns.- 2.12 Prepare to Exit, Save, and Later Retrieve this R Session.- 2.13 External Data and/or Data Resources Used in this Lesson.- 3 Student's t-Test for Independent Samples.- 3.1 Background.- 3.2 Import Data in Comma-Separated Values (.csv) File Format and/or Self Generate the Data Using R-Based Functions.- 3.3 Organize the Data and Display the Code Book.- 3.4 Conduct a Visual Data Check Using Graphics (e.g., Figures).- 3.5 Descriptive Statistics for Initial Analysis of the Data.- 3.6 Quality Assurance, Data Distribution, and Tests for Normality.- 3.7 Statistical Test(s).- 3.8 Summary of Outcomes.- 3.9 Addendum1: t-Statistic v z-Statistic.- 3.10 Addendum2: Parametric v Nonparametric.- 3.11 Addendum3: Additional Practice Datasets for Data with Normal Distribution Patterns and Data That Do Not Exhibit Normal Distribution Patterns.- 3.12 Prepare to Exit, Save, and Later Retrieve This R Session.- 3.13 External Data and/or Data Resources Used in this Lesson.- 4 Student's t-Test for Matched Pairs.- 4.1 Background.- 4.2 Import Data in Comma-Separated Values (.csv) File Format and/or Self Generate the Data Using R-Based Functions.- 4.3 Organize the Data and Display the Code Book.- 4.4 Conduct a Visual Data Check Using Graphics(e.g., Figures).- 4.5 Descriptive Statistics for Initial Analysis of the Data.- 4.6 Quality Assurance, Data Distribution, and Tests for Normality.- 4.7 Statistical Test(s).- 4.8 Summary of Outcomes.- 4.9 Addendum1: R-Based Tools for Unstacked (e.g. Wide) Data.- 4.10 Addendum2: Stacked Data and Student's t-Test for Matched Pairs.- 4.11 Addendum 3: The Impact of N on Student's t-Test.- 4.12 Addendum 4: Parametric v Nonparametric.- 4.13 Addendum5: Additional Practice Datasets for Data with Normal Distribution Patterns and Data That Do Not Exhibit Normal Distribution Patterns.- 4.14 Prepare to Exit, Save, and Later Retrieve This R Session.- 4.15 External Data and/or Data Resources Used in this Lesson.- 5 Oneway Analysis of Variance (ANOVA).- 5.1 Background.- 5.2 Import Data in Comma-Separated Values (.csv) File Format and/or Self Generate the Data Using R-Based Functions.- 5.3 Organize the Data and Display the Code Book.- 5.4 Conduct a Visual Data Check Using Graphics(e.g., Figures).- 5.5 Descriptive Statistics for Initial Analysis of the Data.- 5.6 Quality Assurance, Data Distribution, and Tests for Normality.- 5.7 Statistical Test(s).- 5.8 Summary of Outcomes.- 5.9 Addendum1: Other Packages for Display of Oneway ANOVA.- 5.10 Addendum2: Parametric v Nonparametric.- 5.11 Addendum3: Additional Practice Data Sets.- 5.12 Prepare to Exit, Save, and Later Retrieve This R Session.- 5.13 External Data and/or Data Resources Used in this Lesson.- 6 Twoway Analysis of Variance (ANOVA).- 6.1 Background.- 6.2 Import Data in Comma-Separated Values (.csv) File Format and/or Self Generate the Data Using R-Based Functions.- 6.3 Organize the Data and Display the Code Book.- 6.4 Conduct a Visual Data Check Using Graphics (e.g., Figures).- 6.5 Descriptive Statistics for Initial Analysis of the Data.- 6.6 Quality Assurance, Data Distribution, and Tests for Normality.- 6.7 Statistical Test(s).- 6.8 Summary of Outcomes.- 6.9 Addendum 1: Other Packages for Display of Twoway ANOVA.- 6.10 Addendum 2: Parametric v Nonparametric.- 6.11 Addendum 3: Additional Practice Data Sets.- 6.12 Prepare to Exit, Save, and Later Retrieve This R Session.- 6.13 External Data and/or Data Resources Used in this Lesson.- 7 Correlation, Association, Regression, Likelihood, and Prediction.- 7.1 Background.- 7.2 Import Data in Comma-Separated Values (.csv) File Format and/or Self Generate the Data Using R-Based Functions.- 7.3 Organize the Data and Display the Code Book.- 7.4 Quality Assurance, Data Distribution, and Tests for Normality.- 7.5 Statistical Test(s).- 7.6 Summary of Outcomes.- 7.7 Addendum 1: Multiple Regression.- 7.8 Addendum 2: Likelihood and Odds Ratio.- 7.9 Addendum 3:Parametric v Nonparametric.- 7.10 Addendum 4: Additional Practice Data Sets.- 7.11 Prepare to Exit, Save, and Later Retrieve This R Session.- 7.12 External Data and/or Data Resources Used in this Lesson.- 8 Working with Large and Complex Datasets.- 8.1 Background.- 8.2 Import Data in Comma-Separated Values (.csv) File Format and/or Self Generate the Data Using R-Based Functions.- 8.3 Organize the Data and Display the Code Book.- 8.4 Conduct a Visual Data Check Using Graphics (e.g., Figures).- 8.5 Descriptive Statistics for Initial Analysis of the Data.- 8.6 Quality Assurance, Data Distribution, and Tests for Normality.- 8.7 Statistical Test(s).- 8.8 Summary of Outcomes.- 8.9 Addendum1: Additional Graphics, to Show Relationships Between and Among Data.- 8.10 Addendum2: Graphics Using the lattice Package.- 8.11 Addendum3: Graphics Using the ggplot2 Package.- 8.12 Addendum 4: Beyond an Introduction to R - Use the tidyverse to Create Subsets of Original Datasets.- 8.13 Prepare to Exit, Save, and Later Retrieve This R Session.- 8.14 External Data and/or Data Resources Used in this Lesson.- 9 Future Actions and Next Steps.- 9.1 Use of This Text.- 9.2 R and Beautiful Reporting with R Markdown.- 9.3 Future Use of R for Biostatistics.- 9.4 Big Data and Bio Informatics.- 9.5 External Resources.- 9.6 Contact the Authors.