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No longer able to tie manliness to marriage and procreation, priests were instructed to embrace virile chastity, to become manly celibates who continually warred with the desires of the body. Reformers passed legislation to eradicate clerical marriages and prevent clerical sons from inheriting their fathers' benefices. In response, some married clerics authored tracts to uphold their customs of marriage and defend the right of a priest's son to assume clerical office. This resistance eventually waned, as clerical celibacy became the standard for the priesthood.
By the thirteenth century, ecclesiastical reformers had further tightened the standard of priestly masculinity by barring other typically masculine behaviors and comportment: gambling, tavern-frequenting, scurrilous speech, and brawling. Charting the progression of the new model of religious masculinity for the priesthood, Jennifer Thibodeaux illustrates this radical alteration and concludes not only that clerical celibacy was a hotly contested movement in high medieval England and Normandy, but that this movement created a new model of manliness for the medieval clergy.
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- Verlag: University of Pennsylvania Press, Inc.
- Seitenzahl: 240
- Erscheinungstermin: 2. Oktober 2015
- ISBN-13: 9780812291940
- Artikelnr.: 56918791
Chapter 1. The Manly Celibate
Chapter 2. Legal Discourse and the Reality of Clerical Marriage
Chapter 3. The Marginality of Clerical Sons
Chapter 4. "The Natural Right of a Man": The Clerical Defense of Traditional Masculinity
Chapter 5. "They ought to be a model and example": The Expansion of Religious Manliness
Chapter 6. Policing Priestly Bodies: The Conflict of Masculinities Among the Norman Parish Clergy
Conclusion. The Manly Priest