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This handbook offers a state-of-the-art survey of quantitative science and technology research. It focuses on the development and application of indicators derived from data on scientific publications and patents, deals with theoretical and methodological issues, and presents applications. Many contributions introduce new challenging approaches in the use of these indicators. Central concepts are scientific or technological performance and productivity of the S&T system and S&T institutions. This handbook illustrates how these measures can be used at the macro-level as well as in the…mehr

Produktbeschreibung
This handbook offers a state-of-the-art survey of quantitative science and technology research. It focuses on the development and application of indicators derived from data on scientific publications and patents, deals with theoretical and methodological issues, and presents applications. Many contributions introduce new challenging approaches in the use of these indicators. Central concepts are scientific or technological performance and productivity of the S&T system and S&T institutions. This handbook illustrates how these measures can be used at the macro-level as well as in the management of organisations. In this context, various topics such as quality control in knowledge production, internationalisation of research, collaboration, knowledge networks and knowledge flows, multi- or interdisciplinarity, knowledge specialisation and integration, and participation of women are discussed. Several contributions address the crucial question of the relevance and use of S&T indicators in a policy context.

Dieser Download kann aus rechtlichen Gründen nur mit Rechnungsadresse in A, B, BG, CY, CZ, D, DK, EW, E, FIN, F, GR, HR, H, IRL, I, LT, L, LR, M, NL, PL, P, R, S, SLO, SK ausgeliefert werden.

  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: Springer-Verlag GmbH
  • Erscheinungstermin: 23. Februar 2006
  • Englisch
  • ISBN-13: 9781402027550
  • Artikelnr.: 37364060
Autorenporträt
Henk F. Moed, University of Leiden, The Netherlands / Wolfgang Glänzel, K.U. Leuven, Belgium / Ulrich Schmoch, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research, Karlsruhe, Germany
Inhaltsangabe
Preface. Editors' Introduction; Henk F. Moed, Wolfgang Glänzel, and Ulrich Schmoch. Part 1: Disciplinary Approaches. 1. Measuring Science; Anthony F.J. van Raan. 2. Econometric Approaches to the Analysis of Productivity of R&D Systems; Andrea Bonaccorsi and Cinzia Daraio. 3. Indicators for National Science and Technology Policy; Hariolf Grupp and Mary Ellen Mogee. 4. Keeping the Gates of Science Journals; Tibor Braun. 5. S&T Indicators for Policy Making in a Changing Science-Society Relationship; Rémi Barré. 6. Paradigms and Trajectories of Technological Opportunities 1890-1990; Birgitte Andersen. 7. Science on the Periphery: Bridging the Information Divide; Subbiah Arunachalam. Part 2: General Methodology. 8. Data Mining and Text Mining for Science & Technology Research; Edda Leopold, Michael May, and Gerhard Paaß. 9. Opening the Black Box; Sybille Hinze and Ulrich Schmoch. 10. Science Maps within a Science Policy Context; Ed C.M. Noyons. 11. Analysing Scientific Networks through Co-Authorship; Wolfgang Glänzel and András Schubert. 12. Patent Citations and the Economic Value of Patents; Bhaven N. Sampat and Arvids A. Ziedonis. 13. Scientific and Technological Performance by Gender; Fulvio Naldi, Daniela Luzi, Adriana Valente, and Ilaria Vannini Parenti. 14. The Use of Input Data in the Performance Analysis of R&D Systems; Marc Luwel. 15. Methodological Issues of Webometric Studies; Peter Ingwersen and Lennart Björneborn. Part 3: The Science System. 16. Descriptive versus Evaluative Bibliometrics; Thed van Leeuwen. 17. What Happens when Funding Is Linked to Publication Counts?; Linda Butler. 18. Internationalisation in Science in the Prism of Bibliometric Indicators; Michel Zitt and Elise Bassecoulard. 19. Analysis of Cross-DisciplinaryResearch through Bibliometric Tools; María Bordons, Fernanda Morillo, and Isabel Gómez. 20. Citations to Papers from Other Documents; Grant Lewison. 21. The Four Literatures of Social Science; Diana Hicks. 22. Evaluation of Research Performance and Scientometric Indicators in China; Bihui Jin and Ronald Rousseau. 23. Decomposing National Trends in Activity and Impact; Olle Persson and Rickard Danell. Part 4: The Technology System. 24. National Patterns of Technology Accumulation: Use of Patent Statistics; Lionel Nesta and Pari Patel. 25. Using Patent Citation Indicators to Manage a Stock Portfolio; Francis Narin, Anthony Breitzman, and Patrick Thomas. 26. Patent Data for Monitoring S&T Portfolios; Koenraad Debackere and Marc Luwel. 27. Patent Profiling for Competitive Advantage; Alan L. Porter and Nils C. Newman. 28. Knowledge Networks from Patent Data; Stefano Breschi and Francesco Lissoni. 29. Measuring the Internationalisation of the Generation of Knowledge; Dominique Guellec and Bruno van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie. Part 5: Science-Technology Interface. 30. Patents and Publications; Elise Bassecoulard and Michel Zitt. 31. Measuring and Evaluating Science-Technology Connections and Interactions; Robert J.W. Tijssen. 32. The Technological Output of Scientific Institutions; Ulrich Schmoch. 33. Specialisation and Integration; Stefano Brusoni and Aldo Geuna. 34. Science and Technology Systems in Less Developed Countries; Eduardo da Motta e Albuquerque. About the Authors. Subject Index.