Introduction; Part I. The Stage Is Set: 1. China's preparation for entry into the international system; 2. The rise of Chinese internationalism and the new diplomacy; Part II. China Attempts to Join the War: 3. China responses to the outbreak of war; 4. 'Using laborers as soldiers' - an alternative strategy; 5. China's formal entry into the war; Part III. The Great War in Chinese Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations: 6. The war within; 7. The 1919 Paris Peace Conference and China's search for a new world order; Conclusion.