The Metaphysics of Science-1 (eBook, PDF) - Dilworth, Craig
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The Metaphysics of Science provides a clear, well-founded conception of modern science, according to which its core consists of particular metaphysical principles. On this view, both the empirical and the theoretical aspects of science are the result of the attempt to apply these metaphysical principles to reality. There is a flexibility in the application of the principles, however, so that, in their scientific guise, they may come to be reformed over time through scientific revolutions. This approach to modern science provides a unified conception of the enterprise, explaining such of its…mehr

Produktbeschreibung
The Metaphysics of Science provides a clear, well-founded conception of modern science, according to which its core consists of particular metaphysical principles. On this view, both the empirical and the theoretical aspects of science are the result of the attempt to apply these metaphysical principles to reality. There is a flexibility in the application of the principles, however, so that, in their scientific guise, they may come to be reformed over time through scientific revolutions. This approach to modern science provides a unified conception of the enterprise, explaining such of its various aspects as the principle of induction, the nature of scientific knowledge and scientific reduction, the fundamental difference between the natural and social sciences, and the role of essentialism with respect to natural kinds. Furthermore, it provides a resolution of the long-standing debate between empiricism and realism. In this regard, and in others, the view of science advanced in this work is not only novel, but constitutes an alternative that is superior to both the empirical-analytic and the sociology of knowledge approaches that are prevalent today. TOC:Preface.- Introduction.- 1. Empiricism vs. realism - the perennial debate in the philosophy of science.- 2. Fundamental and refined principles: the core of modern science.- 3. Empirical laws: the supervention of experience.- 4. Scientific theories: closing the circle.- 5. The principle-theory-law model of scientific explanation.- 6. The social sciences: a consideration of economics.- 7. Natural kinds.- 8. Probability and confirmation.- 9. Empiricism vs. realism revisited.- 10. Modern science and the future.- References.- Index.

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  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: Springer-Verlag GmbH
  • Erscheinungstermin: 4. Oktober 2007
  • Englisch
  • ISBN-13: 9781402038389
  • Artikelnr.: 37342521
Autorenporträt
Craig Dilworth, University of Uppsala, Sweden
Inhaltsangabe
Preface. Introduction.
1. Empiricism vs. realism - the perennial debate in the philosophy of science.
2. Fundamental and refined principles: the core of modern science.
3. Empirical laws: the supervention of experience.
4. Scientific theories: closing the circle.
5. The principle-theory-law model of scientific explanation.
6. The social sciences: a consideration of economics.
7. Natural kinds.
8. Probability and confirmation.
9. Empiricism vs. realism revisited.
10. Modern science and the future.
References. Index.
Rezensionen
From the reviews:

"Dilworth does not content himself with a mere philosophical analysis of the phenomenon of modern science, but tries to draw a lesson from the analysis applicable to the actual practice of science. Whereas in its beginnings modern science was a paradigm of open-mindedness, it is now in danger of becomming an ideology, due to its refusal to reflect on its own principles. The Metaphysics of Science performs the much-needed function of opening the doors to such reflection - both for professional philosophers and scientists themselves''. (L.E. Fleischhacker, Epistemologia)

From the reviews of the second edition:

"Craig Dilworth's second edition of The Metaphysics of Science contains the main text of an ambitious philosophical treatment intended to resolve realist-empiricist debates about the nature of science ... . This book is worthwhile for philosophers of science and could profitably be assigned as reserve text for upper level undergraduate courses in history and philosophy of science of metaphysics. ... Dilworth's main aim is to propose and defend a metaphysics of science based on three ontological principles, uniformity of nature, substance, and causality." (Robert L. Muhlnickel, Metapsychology Online Reviews, Vol. 12 (22), May, 2008)

"Science makes metaphysical presuppositions. I must ... at once declare an interest. ... According to Dilworth, the three metaphysical principles constitute 'the core of modern science' ... . They guide research and provide methodological rules. ... Dilworth suggests that we need a new metaphysical paradigm for a new kind of science. ... this book propounds an immensely important idea-even if one that received a much improved formulation at least twelve years before publication of the first edition." (Nicholas Maxwell, International Studies in the Philosophy of Science, August, 2009)…mehr