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    Gebundenes Buch

In the past two decades, an increasing number of ecologists have started to investigate the importance of biodiversity for ecological processes such as energy flow and nutrient cycling, often referred to as 'ecosystem functioning'. Insects are a dominant component of biodiversity in terrestrial ecosystems and play a key role in mediating the relationship between plants and ecosystem processes. This volume is the first to summarize their effects on ecosystem functioning, focusing mainly, but not exclusively, on herbivorous insects. Renowned authors with extensive experience in the field of…mehr

Produktbeschreibung
In the past two decades, an increasing number of ecologists have started to investigate the importance of biodiversity for ecological processes such as energy flow and nutrient cycling, often referred to as 'ecosystem functioning'. Insects are a dominant component of biodiversity in terrestrial ecosystems and play a key role in mediating the relationship between plants and ecosystem processes. This volume is the first to summarize their effects on ecosystem functioning, focusing mainly, but not exclusively, on herbivorous insects. Renowned authors with extensive experience in the field of plant-insect interactions, contribute to the volume using examples from their own work. In addition to providing concise reviews of the field, this volume discusses in detail the advantages and disadvantages of various techniques of manipulating insect herbivory. Thus, the text provides both a theoretical basis as well as practical advice for future manipulative studies of biodiversity-ecosystem functioning. TOC:Various effects of insects on ecosystem functioning.- Insect herbivores, nutrient cycling and plant productivity.- Indirect effects of invertebrate herbivory on the decomposer subsystem.- Biotic interactions in the rhizosphere.- Below-ground herbivores and ecosystem processes.- Bottom-up effects and feed-backs in simple and diverse experimental grassland communities.- The potential of phytophagous insects in restoring invaded ecosystems.- Plant-insect-pathogen interactions on local and regional scales.- Food web interactions and ecosystem processes.- The role of outbreaking insects in plant community dynamics.- The ecology driving nutrient fluxes in forests.- Simulating herbivory: problems and possibilities.- The use and usefulness of artificial herbivory in plant-herbivore studies.- The role and value of cage experiments in understanding top-down effects in ecosystems.- Reducing herbivory using insecticides.- The role of herbivores in alien plant invasions.- Herbivore-specific transcriptional responses and their research potential for ecosystem studies.- Testing the role of insects for ecosystem functioning.
  • Produktdetails
  • Ecological Studies Vol.173
  • Verlag: Springer, Berlin
  • Artikelnr. des Verlages: 10886068
  • 2004
  • Seitenzahl: 440
  • Erscheinungstermin: 26. Juli 2004
  • Englisch
  • Abmessung: 235mm x 155mm x 29mm
  • Gewicht: 870g
  • ISBN-13: 9783540216728
  • ISBN-10: 3540216723
  • Artikelnr.: 12948533
Autorenporträt
Wolfgang W. Weisser, University of Jena, Germany / Evan Siemann, Rice University, Houston, TX, USA
Inhaltsangabe
1 The various effects of insects on ecosystem functioning Wolfgang Weisser and Evan Siemann 2 Insect herbivores, nutrient cycling and plant productivity Susan Hartley and Hefin Jones 3 Indirect effects of invertebrate herbivory on the decomposer subsystemDavid Wardle and Richard Bardgett 4 Biotic interactions in the rhizosphere: effects on plant growth and herbivore development Michael Bonkowski and Stefan Scheu 5 Below-ground herbivores and ecosystem processes Gregory J. Masters 6 Bottom-up effects and feed-backs in simple and diverse experimental grassland communities Jasmin Joshi, Stuart J. Otway, Julia Koricheva, Andrea B. Pfisterer, Jörn Alphei, B. A. Roy, Michael Scherer-Lorenzen, Bernhard Schmid, Eva Spehn and Andrew Hector 7 The potential of phytophagous insects in restoring invaded ecosystems: examples from biological weed control Helmut Zwölfer and Helmuth Zimmerman 8 Plant-insect-pathogen interactions on local and regional scales Andreas Kruess, Sabine Eber, Stephanie Kluth and Teja Tscharntke 9 Food web interactions and ecosystem processes Arne Janssen and Maurice W. Sabelis 10 The role of outbreaking insects in plant community dynamics Walter Carson, J. Patrick Cronin and Zachary T. Long 11 The ecology driving nutrient fluxes in forests Bernhard Stadler, Eva Mühlenberg and Beate Michalzik 12 Simulating herbivory: problems and possibilities Joakim Hjältén 13 The use and usefulness of artificial herbivory in plant-herbivore studies Kari Lehtilä and Elin Boalt 14 From mesocosms to the field: the role and value of cage experiments in understanding top-down effects in ecosystems Oswald J. Schmitz 15 Reducing herbivory using insecticides Evan Siemann, Walt P Carson, William E. Rogers and Wolfgang W. Weisser 16 The role of herbivores in alien plant invasions: insights using a combination of methods to enhance or reduce herbivory William Rogers and Evan Siemann 17 Herbivore-specific transcriptional responses and their research potential for ecosystem studies Claudia Voelckel and Ian T. Baldwin 18 Testing the role of insects for ecosystem functioning Evan Siemann and Wolfgang Weisser
Rezensionen
"Ein auf sehr aktueller Forschung basierendes Buch, das dem Leser sowohl eine theoretische Grundlage als auch praktische Hinweise und Anregungen für weitere Studien liefert." (Entomofauna)
From the reviews:

"The authors of this book have identified an important and novel area of research ... . I would recommend this book for students and researchers who wish to be introduced to the current research and future ideas regarding above and below ground insect herbivory, and the effect on plant community ecology, plant productivity and nutrient cycling in terrestrial ecosystems." (Riccardo Bommmarco, Basic and Applied Ecology, Issue 8, 2007)