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Introducing the theoretical and practical basics of veterinary neuropathology, this concise and well illustrated book is an essential basic diagnostic guide for pathologists, neurologists and diagnostic imaging specialists. It presents readers with strategies to deal with neuropathological problems, showing how to interpret gross and histological lesions using a systematic approach based on pattern recognition. It starts with an overview of the general principles of neuroanatomy, neuropathological techniques, basic tissue reaction patterns, and recognition of major lesion patterns. The book…mehr

Produktbeschreibung
Introducing the theoretical and practical basics of veterinary neuropathology, this concise and well illustrated book is an essential basic diagnostic guide for pathologists, neurologists and diagnostic imaging specialists. It presents readers with strategies to deal with neuropathological problems, showing how to interpret gross and histological lesions using a systematic approach based on pattern recognition. It starts with an overview of the general principles of neuroanatomy, neuropathological techniques, basic tissue reaction patterns, and recognition of major lesion patterns. The book goes on to cover vascular diseases, inflammatory diseases, trauma, congenital malformations, metabolic-toxic diseases, neoplasia and degenerative diseases mainly of the central nervous system. In the respective chapters pathologists can quickly find information to support their daily diagnostic workup for both small and large domestic species. Based on the authors' extensive diagnostic and post graduate teaching experience as well as the inclusion of MRI as it relates to neuropathology, this book also offers a comprehensive but basic analysis of veterinary neuropathology that neurologists and other MRI users will find very useful. * An essential manual for daily diagnostic work * Richly illustrated with high quality colour gross, histological and MRI images * Includes a section on the function and use of MRI (by Johann Lang, DECVDI) * Accompanied by a website presenting MRI sequences for interpretation and correlation with neuropathological findings edited by Johann Lang (University of Bern, Switzerland) and Eric Wiesner (University of California, Davis, USA): www.wiley.com/go/vandevelde/veterinaryneuropathology
  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: John Wiley & Sons / PAPERBACKSHOP UK IMPORT
  • Artikelnr. des Verlages: 1A470670560
  • Seitenzahl: 210
  • Erscheinungstermin: 28. November 2012
  • Englisch
  • Abmessung: 291mm x 225mm x 18mm
  • Gewicht: 858g
  • ISBN-13: 9780470670569
  • ISBN-10: 0470670568
  • Artikelnr.: 36030611
Autorenporträt
Marc Vandevelde Dr.med.vet., DECVN is a professor of neurology in the Division of Neurological Sciences, Vetsuisse Faculty at the University of Bern, Switzerland. Robert J. Higgins BVSc, MS, PhD, DACVP is a professor of pathology in the Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine, at the University of California Davis, Davis, California, USA. Anna Oevermann Dr. med.vet., DECVP is an associate professor of neuropathology in the Division of Neurological Sciences , Vetsuisse Faculty at the University of Bern, Switzerland.
Inhaltsangabe
Preface ix Foreword x 1 General neuropathology 1 1.1 Principles of neuroanatomy for diagnostic neuropathologists 1 1.1.1 Anatomical orientation by using the ventricular system 1 1.1.2 Major anatomical regions of interest 2 1.1.3 Histological neuroanatomy 7 1.2 Neuropathological techniques 11 1.2.1 Necropsy techniques 11 1.2.2 Brain sectioning, macroscopic inspection and sampling for histology 12 1.3 Basic tissue reaction patterns 14 1.3.1 Reactions of neurons to injury 14 1.3.2 Oligodendrocytes 20 1.3.3 Astrocytes 20 1.3.4 Microglia/macrophages 22 1.3.5 CSF spaces 23 1.3.6 Blood vessels 23 1.3.7 Disturbance of water balance: edema 24 1.3.8 Artifacts, postmortem degeneration, pseudolesions and old age 26 1.4 Recognizing major lesion patterns 28 1.4.1 The major lesion patterns 28 1.4.2 Lesion distribution pattern 31 1.4.3 Classifi cation of neurological diseases 31 1.4.4 General strategy 33 1.5 Neuropathology in the clinics: magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 33 1.5.1 Basic MRI physics 33 1.5.2 Principles of interpretation 34 Further reading 36 Neuropathology general 36 Neurology/functional neuroanatomy 36 Neuroanatomy 37 Techniques for PNS and muscle 37 Basic tissue reaction patterns 37 Edema 37 Artifacts, pseudolesions, old age 37 Magnetic resonance imaging 37 2 Vascular disorders 38 2.1 Pathophysiology of ischemia 38 2.2 General strategy for diagnosing vascular lesions 38 2.3 Common vascular lesions 39 2.3.1 Vascular lesions of the brain 39 2.3.2 Vascular lesions of the spinal cord 44 2.3.3 Ischemia in the peripheral nervous system and muscles 46 Further reading 46 Cerebral infarcts 46 Hemorrhage 46 Hypertensive encehalopathy 46 Fibrocartilagenous emboli 47 Aortic thrombosis 47 3 Inflammatory diseases 48 3.1 Pathophysiology of inflammation 48 3.1.1 Entry and effect of infectious agents in the nervous system 48 3.1.2 Immune reaction of the host against the infectious agent in the CNS 48 3.1.3 Morphological aspects of the immune response 49 3.2 General strategy for diagnosis of inflammatory lesions 50 3.2.1 Recognizing major inflammatory reaction patterns 51 3.2.2 Determining the distribution pattern of the lesions 52 3.2.3 Specifi c features 52 3.3 Common CNS infections 54 3.3.1 Neurotropic viral infections 54 3.3.2 Viral granulomatous inflammation 58 3.3.3 Viral vasculitis 60 3.3.4 Viral leukoencephalitis 61 3.3.5 Bacterial infections 63 3.3.6 Mycotic and algal infections 68 3.3.7 Protozoal infections 69 3.3.8 Helminth infections 70 3.4 Non
infectious and immune
mediated inflammatory lesions 72 3.4.1 Definition 72 3.4.2 Neurological diseases assumed to be immune
mediated 73 Further reading 79 General 79 Neurotropic viral infections 79 Viral granulomatous infections 79 Viral vasculitis 79 Demyelinating viral infections 79 Bacterial infections 79 Fungal infections 80 Protozoal infections 80 Helminth infections 80 Non
infectious and Immune
mediated inflammatory disorders 80 4 Trauma 81 4.1 Pathophysiology of CNS trauma 81 4.1.1 Pathogenesis of brain trauma 81 4.1.2 Pathogenesis of spinal cord trauma 82 4.2 General strategy for diagnosis of traumatic CNS lesions 84 4.3 Traumatic nervous system diseases 85 4.3.1 Trauma of the brain 85 4.3.2 Traumatic spinal cord lesions 87 4.3.3 Trauma in the peripheral nervous system 89 Further reading 90 Pathophysiology of CNS trauma 90 Brain trauma 91 Intervertebral disc disease 91 Spinal malformations 91 Wobbler syndrome 91 Other causes of cord compression 91 Cauda equina syndrome 91 5 Congenital malformations 92 5.1 Pathophysiology 92 5.1.1 Ontogeny of the CNS 92 5.1.2 Etiology 92 5.2 General strategy for diagnosing anomalies of the CNS 93 5.3 Common malformations 93 5.3.1 Neural tube closure defects 93 5.3.2 Defects of forebrain induction 94 5.3.3 Neuronal migration disorders and sulcation defects 95 5.3.4 Disorders of proliferation or size 96 5.3.5 Encephaloclastic defects 97 5.3.6 Malformations in the caudal fossa and spinal cord 97 5.3.7 Congenital hydrocephalus and other anomalies of CSF pathways 100 Further reading 104 Neural tube closure defects 104 Defects of forebrain induction 104 Neuronal migration disorders and sulcation defects 104 Encephaloclastic defects 104 Cerebellar hypoplasia 104 Dandy Walker syndrome 104 Chiari malformation, Syringomyelia 104 Hydrocephalus 104 Arachnoidal and ependymal cysts 105 6 Metabolic
toxic diseases 106 6.1 General strategy for diagnosis of metabolic
toxic lesions 106 6.1.1 The major patterns 106 6.1.2 Further differential diagnosis 106 6.2 Encephalomalacias/myelomalacias 108 6.2.1 Polioencephalomalacia (PE) or cerebrocortical necrosis (CCN) 108 6.2.2 Polioencephalomalacia of subcortical structures and brainstem 114 6.2.3 Poliomyelomalacia 115 6.2.4 Leukoencephalomalacias 116 6.2.5 Encephalomalacias involving both gray and white matter 117 6.3 Acquired metabolic
toxic selective lesions 118 6.3.1 Neuronal degeneration 118 6.3.2 Axonal degeneration 121 6.3.3 Myelin degeneration 121 6.4 Spongy degeneration 122 6.5 Metabolic
toxic lesions of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) and skeletal muscle 124 6.5.1 Metabolic
toxic neuropathies 125 6.5.2 Metabolic
toxic myopathies 125 Further reading 126 General 126 Polioencephalomalacia large animals 126 Polioencephalomalacia in small animals 126 Hippocampal necrosis and sclerosis 126 Subcortical and brainstem encephalomalacias 126 Selenium poisoning 126 Equine leukomalacia 126 Enterotoxemia 126 CO poisoning 127 Metabolic toxic neuronal degenerations 127 Grass sickness 127 Acquired lysosomal storage diseases 127 Metabolic
toxic axonal degenerations 127 Irradiated feed
induced myelinopathy in cats 127 Toxic spongy degenerations 127 Hepatic encephalopathy 127 Toxic peripheral neuropathies 127 Metabolic peripheral neuropathies 128 Matabolic
toxic myopathies 128 7 Neoplasia 129 7.1 General strategy for diagnosis of neoplastic lesions 129 7.1.1 Clinic and diagnostic imaging 129 7.1.2 Interpretation of gross findings 129 7.1.3 Diagnosis 130 7.1.4 Grading 133 7.2 Tumors of neuroepithelial origin 133 7.2.1 Astrocytomas 133 7.2.2 Oligodendroglioma 137 7.2.3 Mixed gliomas (oligoastrocytomas) 139 7.2.4 Ependymoma 140 7.2.5 Choroid plexus tumors (papillomas and carcinomas) 142 7.2.6 Neuronal and mixed neuronal
glial tumors 143 7.2.7 Embryonal tumors 144 7.3 Tumors of cranial and spinal nerves 145 7.3.1 Benign PNST 145 7.3.2 Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST) 147 7.4 Tumors of the meninges 147 7.4.1 Meningioma 147 7.4.2 Granular cell tumor 150 7.4.3 Mesenchymal tumors 151 7.5 Lymphomas and hematopoietic tumors 151 7.5.1 Primary T and B cell lymphomas 151 7.5.2 Intravascular lymphoma 151 7.5.3 Metastatic lymphoma 152 7.5.4 Primary CNS histiocytic sarcoma 152 7.6 Germ cell tumors 152 7.6.1 Germinoma 152 7.6.2 Teratoma 153 7.7 Embryonal tumors of nonneuroepithelial origin 153 7.7.1 Thoracolumbar spinal cord tumor (ectopic nephroblastoma) 153 7.8 Secondary or metastatic tumors 154 Further reading 155 General 155 Glial tumors 155 Choroid plexus tumors 155 Neuronal tumors 155 Embryonal tumors 155 PNS tumors 155 Meningiomas 155 Granular cell tumor 155 Mesenchymal tumors 155 Lymphomas and hemapoetic tumors 156 Germ cell tumors 156 Nephroblastoma 156 Metastatic tumors 156 8 Degenerative diseases 157 8.1 General strategy for differential diagnosis of degenerative lesions 157 8.1.1 Recognizing the major patterns 157 8.1.2 Further analysis 157 8.1.3 Diagnosis 159 8.2 Degeneration of neurons 159 8.2.1 General aspects 159 8.2.2 Motor neuron diseases 159 8.2.3 Cerebellar degenerations 162 8.2.4 Other neuronal degenerations 165 8.3 Axonal degenerations 166 8.3.1 Wallerian
like degenerative axonopathies 166 8.3.2 Axonopathies with prominent axonal swelling 171 8.4 Myelin disorders 173 8.4.1 Leukodystrophies 173 8.4.2 Myelin dysgenesis 177 8.5 Storage diseases 178 8.5.1 Lysosomal storage diseases 178 8.5.2 Neuronal ceroid lipofucsinoses (NCL) 181 8.5.3 Lafora's disease 181 8.5.4 Acquired lysosomal storage diseases 182 8.6 Spongiform encephalopathies 182 8.6.1 Transmissible degenerative diseases 182 8.6.2 Neuropathology of TSE 183 8.6.3 TSEs in domestic animals 184 8.7 Spongy degenerations 185 8.7.1 Defi nition and general morphological features 185 8.7.2 Spongy degeneration in branchedchain organic acidurias 186 8.7.3 Spongy degenerations of other causes 187 8.8 Selective symmetrical encephalomalacias (SSE) 187 8.8.1 General morphological features 187 8.8.2 Mitochondrial encephalopathies in people and similar lesions in animals 187 8.9 Degenerative diseases of the peripheral nervous system and muscle 189 8.9.1 Degenerative polyneuropathies 189 8.9.2 Degenerative myopathies 189 Further reading 190 Motor neuron diseases 190 Cerebellar degenerations 190 Other neuronal degenerations 190 Alzheimer disease 190 Wallerian
like axonal degenerations 190 Degenerative myelopathy in old dogs 190 Wallerian
like degeneration in large animals 191 Neuroaxonal dystrophy 191 Leukodystrophies 191 Dysmyelination 191 Lysosomal storage diseases 191 Spongiform encephalopathies 191 Spongy degenerations 191 Selective symmetrical encephalomalacias 192 Degenerative diseases of the PNS and muscles 192 Index 193 This book is accompanied by a companion website: which is maintained by the Division of Diagnostic Imaging, Dept of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Switzerland. www.wiley.com/go/vandevelde/veterinaryneuropathology
Rezensionen
"This book is not only written for specialists but it will help general practitioners understand better the various mechanisms of neurological diseases in many different species. The linked website presents RMI sequences and more neuropathological findings." (Vets Today, 1 June 2013)

"Add color gross, histological and MRI images and you have a key reference any veterinary collection must have." (Midwest Book Reviews, 1 May 2013)

"Thus, 'Veterinary Neuropathology' by Vandevelde, Higgins and Oevermann is an ideal aid for the visual approach to structural lesions of the nervous system. If you are a neurophilic veterinarian, don't leave this book out of your bookshelf unless it has been translocated already to your desk and is open in front of your eyes." (Veterinary Record, 6 April 2013)
"In summary, this is an excellent, well-priced textbook that will be invaluable to practitioners and particularly residents in pathology and neurology training." (Veterinary Pathology, 1 January 2014)

"This book is not only written for specialists but it will help general practitioners understand better the various mechanisms of neurological diseases in many different species. The linked website presents RMI sequences and more neuropathological findings." (Vets Today, 1 June 2013)

"Add color gross, histological and MRI images and you have a key reference any veterinary collection must have." (Midwest Book Reviews, 1 May 2013)

"Thus, 'Veterinary Neuropathology' by Vandevelde, Higgins and Oevermann is an ideal aid for the visual approach to structural lesions of the nervous system. If you are a neurophilic veterinarian, don't leave this book out of your bookshelf unless it has been translocated already to your desk and is open in front of your eyes." (Veterinary Record, 6 April 2013)