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Thesis (M.A.) from the year 2005 in the subject American Studies - Literature, grade: 1,7, University of Freiburg (Philologische Fakultät), language: English, abstract: Inhaltsangabe:Abstract: African-American, Chinese-American and Mexican-American female adolescents are representatives of minority groups in the United States. The three groups of ethnic girls were assigned derogative stereotypes by many Euro-American writers who did not portray their characters authentically. The modern female ethnic authors undertake the battle with stereotypes that are the main source of girls problems. They…mehr

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Thesis (M.A.) from the year 2005 in the subject American Studies - Literature, grade: 1,7, University of Freiburg (Philologische Fakultät), language: English, abstract: Inhaltsangabe:Abstract:
African-American, Chinese-American and Mexican-American female adolescents are representatives of minority groups in the United States. The three groups of ethnic girls were assigned derogative stereotypes by many Euro-American writers who did not portray their characters authentically. The modern female ethnic authors undertake the battle with stereotypes that are the main source of girls problems. They attempt to convince the reader that the lives of young girls cannot be interpreted according to offending images imposed on them. This thesis aims to draw attention to the problems encountered by female ethnic adolescents in Toni Morrison s The Bluest Eye (1970), Maxine Hong Kingston s The Woman Warrior (1976), Sandra Cisneros The House on Mango Street (1984) and to portray their survival or collapse in American society. Each of the books presented in the present study is a masterpiece of great literary value. Toni Morrison was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1993. Sandra Cisneros was the winner of the 1985 Before Columbus American Book Award. Maxine Kingston won the National Book Critics Award with The Woman Warrior, which was designated as non-fiction in 1976. All of these books contribute significantly to the study of ethnic female adolescents.
The books chosen for the purpose of this thesis portray girls in an adolescent period. The adolescents presented in this study are aged between ten and twenty-one and are socially, economically and politically dependent on their parents or guardians. To further complicate matters, the experiences of girls of colour are more complex than those encountered by white adolescents. As the typical conflicts within the family, problems with gender, sexual development, education and friends are juxtaposed with issues of racism and very often a lower social status. In the light of these facts it does not come as a surprise that many ethnic adolescent girls have problems finding their self .
The first section of the initial chapter of this thesis takes into consideration the stereotypical image of Euro-American adolescent girl as it often serves as a contradiction of the popular images of ethnic girls. Furthermore, the chapter examines stereotypes of African-American, Chinese-American and Mexican-American adolescents. Despite their variety, the stereotypes are the cause of girls victimisation in society. The five following chapters analyse the problems more often encountered by ethnic adolescent girls such as family relationship, social status, education, sexuality and the search for self-identity. They offer a variety of female adolescent images that are victims of class, gender and racial oppression. Female writers of the 70-s and 80-s, in spite of the fact that in their books they provided many examples of girls victimisation, generally rejected an image of a female s submissiveness towards male domination. And also often recognised the violent, non-passive side of a woman, creating therby strong figures of female adolescents who were no longer victims but non-victims. The final chapter provides a summary of the observations made in the previous chapters.
Inhaltsverzeichnis:Table of Contents:
Introduction1
1.Typology of popular female adolescent stereotypes from the early American literature up to the twentieth century4
1.1Good-Good Girl5
1.2Loose Black Woman and Tragic Mulatta7
1.3Shy Lotus Blossom and Dragon Lady12
1.4La Virgen de Guadalupe, La Malinche, La Llorna16
2.Family relationships22
2.1The Bluest Eye22
2.2The Woman Warrior28
2.3The House on Mango Street35
3.Social Status38
3.1The Bluest Eye38
3.2The Woman Warrior43
3.3The House ...