Philosophia facta est, Quae philologia fuit. "It is indeed disastrous that of those earlier philosophic masters so little has remained, and that we have been deprived of anything complete. Because of that loss, we unintentionally measure them in wrong proportions and allow ourselves to be influenced against them by the merely accidental fact that Plato and Aristotle have never been short of praisers and copyists. . . . Probably the grandest part of Greek thought, and of its expression in words, has got lost." Friedrich Nietzsche, who wrote these sentences in 1873,* is quite right (save that he…mehr
Philosophia facta est, Quae philologia fuit. "It is indeed disastrous that of those earlier philosophic masters so little has remained, and that we have been deprived of anything complete. Because of that loss, we unintentionally measure them in wrong proportions and allow ourselves to be influenced against them by the merely accidental fact that Plato and Aristotle have never been short of praisers and copyists. . . . Probably the grandest part of Greek thought, and of its expression in words, has got lost." Friedrich Nietzsche, who wrote these sentences in 1873,* is quite right (save that he takes for an accident what certainly was not one). Plato, our great Plato, is really but an imposing synthesis, the ad mirable architect of a grand building, practically none of the stones of which come from himself. And Aristotle, as far as his philosophy is concerned, is apparently little else but a Plato deprived of his poetical make-up, those ostensible differences notwithstanding which Aristotle himself is given to emphasizing. The truly great ones, the giants, the really original thinkers, the pure philosopher types, these are in the time before Plato. Again: Nietzsche is right.
Three Different Biographies.- Topic for an Historical Novel.- Time Is not Reversible.- The Constituents of the Universe.- The Elements and Their Moiras.- Aristotelian Reports.- An Old Question and a New Answer.- Essence of the Anaxagorean Elements.- The Ostensibly Infinite Number of the Elements.- The Distinctive Feature.- The Primary Relation and Its Dual Working.- Equally Infinite Particles of Each Element.- Equally Infinite Particles of Each Element.- "The Great" and "The Small".- Infinite Geometrical Divisibility.- Infinity of Space Filled.- A Strange Juxtaposition and an Attempt at Solving the Riddle.- An Aggregation Terminology.- Nous, the Ruler Element and Construction Engineer.- Homogeneity, Relative and Absolute, and Why Snow Is also Black and Warm.- Spatial Extensiveness of Nous.- Nous' Immiscibility as a Prerequisite to Its Power.- Structure of the Anaxagorean Molecule.- Molecule: the "Grown-Together".- The Anaxagorean and the Modern Molecules.- Impenetrability, Motion Resistance, Movability.- The Divine Mechanician.- Without Renunciation or Ideal.- Cosmogony.- The Primordial Condition.- "Pantahomou".- An Endorsement by Aristotle.- "Keeping Itself at a Standstill...".- The Whereabouts of Nous.- First Means of Cosmopoeia: Differentiation.- Disengagement of the Checked Qualities.- The Beginning of Cosmopoeia.- Why Cosmogony Had To Start from One Point.- Peri-échon, Proskrithénta, Apokekriména.- Exegetic Paraphrase of Fragment Number One.- Second Means of Cosmopoeia: Rotation.- The Two Sorts of Motion and Their Allotment to Two Principles.- A Mental Experiment.- The Effects of Rotation upon the Earth and the Waters and upon the Original Line of Fall.- Why the Rotation of the Earth Has Been Passed Over in Silence.- An Endorsement by Plutarch.- Intrinsic Reasons for the Rotation of the Earth.- The Effects of Rotation upon Air and Ether.- Rotation and Stratification.- How the Earth Remains Suspended.- Differentiation and Rotation Acting Together.- The Proskrithénta and Their Conglomerations.- Why Angular Velocity and Centrifugal Force Must Increase from Without Inwards.- Origin of the Stars.- How Anaxagoras Came to His Hypothesis.- The Stone of Aigospotamoi.- Will the Stars Crash Down to the Earth in Time to Come ?.- Apparent and Real Magnitude of the Stars.- That Difficult Moon....- Anaxagoras' Invisible Celestial Bodies.- Third Means of Cosmopoeia: Dismemberment of the Axis.- Individual Rotation for Every Sphere.- Explanation of the Milky Way.- The Orbits and the Turnings of the Sun and of the Moon.- When Will Cosmogony Come to Its End?.- "There are Some in Which Nous, Too, is Contained".- The Bodies.- Construction against Stratification.- If Nous Were Like the God of the Bible....- Creatio ex nihilo - Viewed Psychologically.- "Primordial Generation" and "Generation from One Another".- First Measure against Decay: Breathing.- The Meaning of "Psyche".- "Larger Psyche" and "Smaller Psyche" and the Weakness of Human Perception.- Second Measure against Decay: Nutrition and Digestion.- An Ancient Interpretation.- The Genuine Anaxagorean Teaching.- And What about Fragment Number Ten?.- Third Measure against Decay: Perception.- What Is the Meaning of "Corresponding to the Deficiency..." ?.- Decay.- An Epitomist's Report and Its Anaxagorean.- Sleep and Death - Physiologically.- The Souls.- Nous Still the Only Person in the Universe.- An Enigmatic Fragment.- What the Riddle Consists in.- Attempts at Elucidation.- Conditio Pluralitatis Personarum.- Comparison with an Aristotelian Teaching.- World-Nous and Separate Nous-Individuals.- Sleep and Death - Psychologically.- The Site of the "Soul".- Conscious and "Unconscious" Occurrences in the Organism.- Theory of Perception.- No Scepticism in Principle.- Physical Pain.- Attempt at Reconstruction.- Physical Delight.- No "Pain-and-Delight"-Element.- A Gross Misinterpretation.- Scanty Reports on Details.- Plants, Too, Have Individual Consciousness.- An Ungrateful Disciple.- An Overd
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