Terrigenous Clastic Depositional Systems - Galloway, William E.; Hobday, David K.
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Nonrenewable energy resources, comprising fossil fuels and uranium, are not ran domly distributed within the Earth's crust. They formed in response to a complex array of geologic controls, notably the genesis of the sedimentary rocks that host most commercial energy resources. It is this genetic relationship between economic re sources and environment that forms the basis for this book. Our grouping of petro leum, coal, uranium, and ground water may appear to be incongruous or artificial. But our basic premise is that these ostensibly disparate resources share common genetic attributes and…mehr

Produktbeschreibung
Nonrenewable energy resources, comprising fossil fuels and uranium, are not ran domly distributed within the Earth's crust. They formed in response to a complex array of geologic controls, notably the genesis of the sedimentary rocks that host most commercial energy resources. It is this genetic relationship between economic re sources and environment that forms the basis for this book. Our grouping of petro leum, coal, uranium, and ground water may appear to be incongruous or artificial. But our basic premise is that these ostensibly disparate resources share common genetic attributes and that the sedimentological principles governing their natural distributions and influencing their recovery are fundamentally similar. Our combined careers have focused on these four resources, and our experiences in projects worldwide reveal that certain recurring geologic factors are important in controlling the distribution of com mercial accumulations and subsurface fluid flow. These critical factors include the shape and stability of the receiving basin, the major depositional elements and their internal detail, and the modifications during burial that are brought about in these sediments by pressure, circulating fluids, heating, and chemical reaction. Since the first edition of this book in 1983, there has been a quantum leap in the volume of literature devoted to genetic stratigraphy and refinement of sedimentologi cal principles and a commensurate increase in the application of these concepts to resource exploration and development.
  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: Springer, Berlin
  • 2. Aufl.
  • Seitenzahl: 512
  • Erscheinungstermin: 16. November 2013
  • Englisch
  • Abmessung: 279mm x 210mm x 27mm
  • Gewicht: 1231g
  • ISBN-13: 9783642646591
  • ISBN-10: 364264659X
  • Artikelnr.: 39915640
Autorenporträt
The book deals with clastic sedimentation (mainly sandstones) in relation to mineral and fuel deposits and hydrology. The second edition has been completely revised and updated and two new chapters have been included.
Inhaltsangabe
1 Fuel-Mineral Resource Base.- Energy Resource Base.- Relevance of Depositional Systems to Energy Resources.- Applications in the Environmental Arena.- 2 Approaches to Genetic Stratigraphic Analysis.- Introduction: Depositional and Sediment Dispersal Systems.- Applied Depositional System Analysis.- Seismic Stratigraphy and Facies Analysis.- Recognition of Depositional Systems: An Example.- Base Level Change and Vertical Sequence.- Integrated Depositional System Analysis.- 3 Alluvial Fans.- Processes Acting on Alluvial Fans.- Spectrum of Alluvial Fan Systems.- Fan Deltas.- Ancient Alluvial Fan and Fan Delta Systems.- Basin-Fill Architecture.- Alluvial Fans Through Geologic Time.- Resource Potential of Alluvial Fan Systems.- 4 Fluvial Systems.- Depositional Processes.- Fluvial Environments and Facies.- Spectrum of Fluvial Depositional Systems.- Eroding Rivers: Stable Channel and Valley-Fill Systems.- Fluvial Evolution Through Geologic Time.- Ancient Fluvial Systems.- 5 Delta Systems.- Delta Process Framework.- Delta Environments and Facies.- Process Classification of Delta Systems.- Fluvial-Dominated Deltas.- Wave-Dominated Deltas.- Tide-Dominated Deltas.- Delta System Recognition.- Delta System Stratigraphic Architecture.- Evolution of Delta Systems.- 6 Shore-Zone Systems.- Spectrum of Shore-Zone Environments.- Shore-Zone Processes.- Shore-Zone Facies.- Shore-Zone Depositional Systems.- Stratigraphy of Shore-Zone Systems.- Shore-Zone Systems Through Geologic Time.- 7 Terrigenous Shelf Systems.- Shelf Processes.- Shelf Sediment Sources and Dispersal Patterns.- Shelf Facies.- Spectrum of Shelf Systems.- Stratigraphic Architecture and Evolution of Shelf Systems.- Shelf Systems in Marine Basin Fills.- 8 Slope and Base-of-Slope Systems.- Slope Processes.- Bedding Architecture of Slope Systems.- Slope Environments and Facies.- Slope System Classification.- Slope Systems in Time and Space.- 9 Lacustrine Systems.- Factors Controlling Lake Geometry and Hydrology.- Stratification of the Water Column.- Lacustrine Environments and Facies.- Lacustrine Sequence Development.- Lake Systems Through Geologic Time.- 10 Eolian Systems.- Supply and Transport of Eolian Sand.- Eolian Bedforms and Structures.- Biogenic Structures.- Dune Types.- Interdune Facie.- Sand Sheets.- Coastal Dune Fields.- Interior Sand Seas (Ergs).- Eolian Sequences.- Associations with Other Depositional Systems.- Hydrocarbons and Minerals in Eolian Systems.- 11 Depositional Systems and Facies Within a Sequence Stratigraphic Framework.- Morphodynamics: Concepts of Regime and Grade Adjustment.- Sequence Stratigraphic Paradigm.- Lessons of the Quaternary - Stratigraphic Signature of High-Frequency, High-Amplitude Sea-Level Change.- Depositional Systems and Sequences: Examples.- Sequences in Other Kinds of Basins.- Integration of Sequences, Systems, and Facies.- 12 Depositional Systems and Basin Hydrology.- Fundamentals of Groundwater Flow.- Properties of the Aquifer Matrix.- Geochemical Properties.- Basin Geohydrology.- Meteoric Flow Regime.- Compactional and Thermobaric Systems.- Hydrology of Depositional Systems.- Example of a Confined Coastal Plain Aquifer System.- Conclusion.- 13 Coal and Coalbed Methane.- Coal Through Geologic Time.- Coal-Forming Depositional Environments.- Coal Petrography and Paleoenvironment.- Coal Rank.- Cyclicity in Peat-Forming Environments and Coal-Bearing Strata.- Depositional Systems and Coal.- Geometry and Evolution of Coal Basins.- Coal-Basin Resources.- 14 Sedimentary Uranium.- Uranium Ore Deposits.- Classification of Uranium Deposits.- Applications to Resource Evaluation, Exploration, and Development.- 15 Petroleum.- Distribution of Petroleum in Time and Space.- Depositional Systems and Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production.- Distribution of Petroleum in Depositional Systems.- Example: Intracratonic Basin Depositional Systems and Hydrocarbon Occurrence.- Example: Frio Depositional Systems, Northern Gulf Coast Basin.- 16 Facies Characteriz
Rezensionen
"I highly recommend this fine book - the authors and publishers are to be congratulated. Adopt it, buy it!" Sedimentary Geology
"...an excellent and very welcome addition that should be on the bookshelf of anyone seriously engaged in energy exploration." - The American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin