Between a Rock and a Hard Place (Paper) - Saarinen, Oiva W.
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Where else can that well-known phrase be better applied than to a study of the Finns in Sudbury? "Rock" defines the physical reality of the Sudbury setting: rugged hills, mines, farms and forests set in the Precambrian Shield. "Hard" defines the human setting: Finnish immigrants having to contend with the problems and stresses of relocating to a new culture, with livelihoods that required great endurance as well as a tolerance for hazardous conditions. Since 1883 Finnish immigrants in Sudbury, men and women alike, have striven to improve their lot through the options available to them. Despite…mehr

Produktbeschreibung
Where else can that well-known phrase be better applied than to a study of the Finns in Sudbury? "Rock" defines the physical reality of the Sudbury setting: rugged hills, mines, farms and forests set in the Precambrian Shield. "Hard" defines the human setting: Finnish immigrants having to contend with the problems and stresses of relocating to a new culture, with livelihoods that required great endurance as well as a tolerance for hazardous conditions. Since 1883 Finnish immigrants in Sudbury, men and women alike, have striven to improve their lot through the options available to them. Despite great obstacles, the Finns never flagged in their unwavering fight for workers' rights and the union movement. And as agricultural settlers, labour reformers, builders of churches, halls, saunas and athletic fields, Finns left an indelible imprint on the physical and human landscape. In the process they have played an integral part in the transformation of Sudbury from a small struggling rail town to its present role as regional capital of northwestern Ontario. This penetrating study of the cultural geography of the Finns in the Sudbury region provides an international, national and local framework for analysis -- a model for future studies of other cultural groups.
  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: WILFRID LAURIER UNIV PR
  • Paper
  • Seitenzahl: 343
  • Erscheinungstermin: November 1999
  • Englisch
  • Abmessung: 228mm x 152mm x 21mm
  • Gewicht: 577g
  • ISBN-13: 9780889203532
  • ISBN-10: 0889203539
  • Artikelnr.: 35018739
Autorenporträt
Oiva W. Saarinen is a professor in the Department of Geography, Laurentian University, Sudbury, and is a member of the editorial board of the Journal of Finnish Studies.
Inhaltsangabe
Table of Contents for Between a Rock and a Hard Place: A Historical Geography of the Finns in the Sudbury Area by Oiva W. Saarinen
List of Tables, Figures, Maps, Aerial Photograph and Biographies
Acknowledgments
Introduction
I. Finnish Settlement in Canada
Immigration
Distribution
Demographic Characteristics
II. Geographical Pattern of Finnish Settlement in the Sudbury Area
Migration to the Sudbury Area
Distribution
Copper Cliff
Temporary Mining Camps
Company Towns of Garson and Creighton
Sudbury and Environs
Downtown
Donovan
Lockerby
Rural Enclaves
Waters Township
Lorne Township (Beaver Lake)
Louise Township (Whitefish)
Broder Township (Long Lake)
Dill, Cleland, Secord and Burwash Townships (Wanup)
Post-World War II Trends
Lake Panache Recreational Zone
Florida as a Winter Destination
III. The Great Divide
The Legacy of Finland
The Influence of Russia/Soviet Union
The United States Factor
Domestic Factors
Early Factionalism in Copper Cliff
Shift of Radicalism to Sudbury
Socialism and the Labour Movement
Vapaus, the FOC and Communism
The Comintern and the Bolshevization Controversy
The Finnish Crisis
Split with the Co-operative Movement
Communist Trials and Deportation
Karelia-Fever
Sale of Liberty Hall
Government Surveillance
Conservative Countermovement
Finnish State
Finnish National Society of Sudbury and the Central Organization of Loyal Finns in Canada
The Fighting Church
Vapaa Sana
World War II and Its Aftermath
Finnish-Canadian War Effort
Left-Wing Suppression
Canada-Finland Assistance
Finnish Canadian Historical Society
Growth and Consolidation of the Church
Centennial Year and Finland Week
Decline of FOC, COLFC and Vapaus
Finnish Canadian Cultural Federation
Finnish Institutions and the Canadianization Process
IV. Finns in the Workplace
Labour Force (1883-1945)
Transportation
Mining and Construction
Lumbering
Farming
Workers' Rights and the Labour Movement
Gender Equality in the Labour Force
White-Collar Pursuits
Post-World War II Employment
V. Finnish Cultural Contributions to the Sudbury Area
Sports
Athletic Clubs
Wrestling/Bodybuilding
Cross-Country Skiing
Track and Field
Gymnastics
The Summer Festival Tradition
Performing Arts
The Sauna
Knights and Ladies of Kaleva Organizations
Sudbury Finnish Rest Home Society
Sudbury Suomi Lions Club
Finnish War Veterans (Sudbury)
Finnish Language Schools
Symbolic Ethnicity
VI. Conclusions and Retrospect
Notes
Bibliography
Index