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A fully comprehensive guide to thermal systems designcovering fluid dynamics, thermodynamics, heat transfer andthermodynamic power cycles Bridging the gap between the fundamental concepts of fluidmechanics, heat transfer and thermodynamics, and the practicaldesign of thermo-fluids components and systems, this textbookfocuses on the design of internal fluid flow systems, coiled heatexchangers and performance analysis of power plant systems. Thetopics are arranged so that each builds upon the previous chapterto convey to the reader that topics are not stand-alone itemsduring the design process,…mehr

Produktbeschreibung
A fully comprehensive guide to thermal systems designcovering fluid dynamics, thermodynamics, heat transfer andthermodynamic power cycles Bridging the gap between the fundamental concepts of fluidmechanics, heat transfer and thermodynamics, and the practicaldesign of thermo-fluids components and systems, this textbookfocuses on the design of internal fluid flow systems, coiled heatexchangers and performance analysis of power plant systems. Thetopics are arranged so that each builds upon the previous chapterto convey to the reader that topics are not stand-alone itemsduring the design process, and that they all must come together toproduce a successful design. Because the complete design or modification of modern equipmentand systems requires knowledge of current industry practices, theauthors highlight the use of manufacturer's catalogs toselect equipment, and practical examples are included throughout togive readers an exhaustive illustration of the fundamental aspectsof the design process. Key Features: * Demonstrates how industrial equipment and systems are designed,covering the underlying theory and practical application ofthermo-fluid system design * Practical rules-of-thumb are included in the text as'Practical Notes' to underline their importance incurrent practice and provide additional information * Includes an instructor's manual hosted on thebook's companion website

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  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: John Wiley & Sons
  • Seitenzahl: 448
  • Erscheinungstermin: 21.08.2012
  • Englisch
  • ISBN-13: 9781118403181
  • Artikelnr.: 37342212
Autorenporträt
André G. McDonald, University of Alberta,Canada Hugh L. Magande, Rinnai America Corporation, USA
Inhaltsangabe
Preface xi List of Figures xv List of Tables xix List of Practical Notes xxi List of Conversion Factors xxiii 1 Design of Thermo
Fluids Systems 1 1.1 Engineering Design
Definition 1 1.2 Types of Design in Thermo
Fluid Science 1 1.3 Difference between Design and Analysis 2 1.4 Classification of Design 2 1.5 General Steps in Design 2 1.6 Abridged Steps in the Design Process 2 2 Air Distribution Systems 5 2.1 Fluid Mechanics
A Brief Review 5 2.1.1 Internal Flow 5 2.2 Air Duct Sizing
Special Design Considerations 12 2.2.1 General Considerations 12 2.2.2 Sizing Straight Rectangular Air Ducts 13 2.2.3 Use of an Air Duct Calculator to Size Rectangular Air Ducts 18 2.3 Minor Head Loss in a Run of Pipe or Duct 18 2.4 Minor Losses in the Design of Air Duct Systems
Equal Friction Method 20 2.5 Fans
Brief Overview and Selection Procedures 44 2.5.1 Classification and Terminology 44 2.5.2 Types of Fans 44 2.5.3 Fan Performance 46 2.5.4 Fan Selection from Manufacturer's Data or Performance Curves 48 2.5.5 Fan Laws 51 2.6 Design for Advanced Technology
Small Duct High
Velocity (SDHV) Air Distribution Systems 54 Problems 66 References and Further Reading 72 3 Liquid Piping Systems 73 3.1 Liquid Piping Systems 73 3.2 Minor Losses: Fittings and Valves in Liquid Piping Systems 73 3.2.1 Fittings 73 3.2.2 Valves 73 3.2.3 A Typical Piping System
A Closed
Loop Fuel Oil Piping System 75 3.3 Sizing Liquid Piping Systems 75 3.3.1 General Design Considerations 75 3.3.2 Pipe Data for Building Water Systems 77 3.4 Fluid Machines (Pumps) and Pump
Pipe Matching 83 3.4.1 Classifications and Terminology 83 3.4.2 Types of Pumps 83 3.4.3 Pump Fundamentals 83 3.4.4 Pump Performance and System Curves 86 3.4.5 Pump Performance Curves for a Family of Pumps 88 3.4.6 A Manufacturer's Performance Plot for a Family of Centrifugal Pumps 89 3.4.7 Cavitation and Net Positive Suction Head 92 3.4.8 Pump Scaling Laws: Nondimensional Pump Parameters 97 3.4.9 Application of the Nondimensional Pump Parameters
Affinity Laws 98 3.4.10 Nondimensional Form of the Pump Efficiency 99 3.5 Design of Piping Systems Complete with In
Line or Base
Mounted Pumps 103 3.5.1 Open
Loop Piping System 103 3.5.2 Closed
Loop Piping System 111 Problems 121 References and Further Reading 126 4 Fundamentals of Heat Exchanger Design 127 4.1 Definition and Requirements 127 4.2 Types of Heat Exchangers 127 4.2.1 Double
Pipe Heat Exchangers 127 4.2.2 Compact Heat Exchangers 129 4.2.3 Shell
and
Tube Heat Exchangers 129 4.3 The Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient 130 4.3.1 The Thermal Resistance Network for Plane Walls
Brief Review 132 4.3.2 Thermal Resistance from Fouling
The Fouling Factor 136 4.4 The Convection Heat Transfer Coefficients
Forced Convection 138 4.4.1 Nusselt Number
Fully Developed Internal Laminar Flows 139 4.4.2 Nusselt Number
Developing Internal Laminar Flows
Correlation Equation 139 4.4.3 Nusselt Number
Turbulent Flows in Smooth Tubes: Dittus
Boelter Equation 141 4.4.4 Nusselt Number
Turbulent Flows in Smooth Tubes: Gnielinski's Equation 141 4.5 Heat Exchanger Analysis 142 4.5.1 Preliminary Considerations 142 4.5.2 Axial Temperature Variation in the Working Fluids
Single Phase Flow 143 4.6 Heat Exchanger Design and Performance Analysis: Part 1 147 4.6.1 The Log
Mean Temperature Difference Method 147 4.6.2 The Effectiveness
Number of Transfer Units Method: Introduction 148 4.6.3 The Effectiveness
Number of Transfer Units Method: epsilon
NTU Relations 149 4.6.4 Comments on the Number of Transfer Units and the Capacity Ratio (c) 151 4.6.5 Procedures for the epsilon
NTU Method 156 4.6.6 Heat Exchanger Design Considerations 157 4.7 Heat Exchanger Design and Performance Analysis: Part 2 157 4.7.1 External Flow over Bare Tubes in Cross Flow
Equations and Charts 157 4.7.2 External Flow over Tube Banks
Pressure Drop 162 4.7.3 External Flow over Finned
Tubes in Cross Flow
Equations and Charts 175 4.8 Manufacturer's Catalog Sheets for Heat Exchanger Selection 202 Problems 208 References and Further Reading 211 5 Applications of Heat Exchangers in Systems 213 5.1 Operation of a Heat Exchanger in a Plasma Spraying System 213 5.2 Components and General Operation of a Hot Water Heating System 216 5.3 Boilers for Water 217 5.3.1 Types of Boilers 217 5.3.2 Operation and Components of a Typical Boiler 218 5.3.3 Water Boiler Sizing 220 5.3.4 Boiler Capacity Ratings 224 5.3.5 Burner Fuels 226 5.4 Design of Hydronic Heating Systems c/w Baseboards or Finned
Tube Heaters 227 5.4.1 Zoning and Types of Systems 227 5.4.2 One
Pipe Series Loop System 227 5.4.3 Two
Pipe Systems 229 5.4.4 Baseboard and Finned
Tube Heaters 233 5.5 Design Considerations for Hot Water Heating Systems 236 Problems 258 References and Further Reading 265 6 Performance Analysis of Power Plant Systems 267 6.1 Thermodynamic Cycles for Power Generation
Brief Review 267 6.1.1 Types of Power Cycles 267 6.1.2 Vapor Power Cycles
Ideal Carnot Cycle 268 6.1.3 Vapor Power Cycles
Ideal Rankine Cycle for Steam Power Plants 268 6.1.4 Vapor Power Cycles
Ideal Regenerative Rankine Cycle for Steam Power Plants 269 6.2 Real Steam Power Plants
General Considerations 271 6.3 Steam
Turbine Internal Efficiency and Expansion Lines 272 6.4 Closed Feedwater Heaters (Surface Heaters) 280 6.5 The Steam Turbine 282 6.5.1 Steam
Turbine Internal Efficiency and Exhaust End Losses 282 6.5.2 Casing and Shaft Arrangements of Large Steam Turbines 284 6.6 Turbine
Cycle Heat Balance and Heat and Mass Balance Diagrams 286 6.7 Steam
Turbine Power Plant System Performance Analysis Considerations 288 6.8 Second
Law Analysis of Steam
Turbine Power Plants 300 6.9 Gas
Turbine Power Plant Systems 307 6.9.1 The Ideal Brayton Cycle for Gas
Turbine Power Plant Systems 307 6.9.2 Real Gas
Turbine Power Plant Systems 309 6.9.3 Regenerative Gas
Turbine Power Plant Systems 312 6.9.4 Operation and Performance of Gas
Turbine Power Plants
Practical Considerations 313 6.10 Combined
Cycle Power Plant Systems 324 6.10.1 The Waste Heat Recovery Boiler 325 Problems 332 References and Further Reading 338 Appendix A: Pipe and Duct Systems 339 Appendix B: Symbols for Drawings 365 Appendix C: Heat Exchanger Design 373 Appendix D: Design Project
Possible Solution 383 D.1 Fuel Oil Piping System Design 383 Appendix E: Applicable Standards and Codes 413 Appendix F: Equipment Manufacturers 415 Appendix G: General Design Checklists 417 G.1 Air and Exhaust Duct Systems 417 G.2 Liquid Piping Systems 418 G.3 Heat Exchangers, Boilers, and Water Heaters 419 Index 421