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The successful long-term sustainable management of forests is dependent on our knowledge of their history, present state, and responses to changing environmental conditions. In this light, the text evaluates the Nordic mountain birch ecosystem with examples from different sites in the Nordic countries and Scotland.
The authors analyse vegetation, soils and nutrients, and investigate the influence of climate change, insect pests, grazing pressure by sheep and reindeer, construction of roads and other consequences of increasing tourism. The possibilities for a sustainable use of the Nordic
…mehr

Produktbeschreibung
The successful long-term sustainable management of forests is dependent on our knowledge of their history, present state, and responses to changing environmental conditions. In this light, the text evaluates the Nordic mountain birch ecosystem with examples from different sites in the Nordic countries and Scotland.

The authors analyse vegetation, soils and nutrients, and investigate the influence of climate change, insect pests, grazing pressure by sheep and reindeer, construction of roads and other consequences of increasing tourism. The possibilities for a sustainable use of the Nordic mountain birch forests are discussed in various models.

An accompanying CD-ROM contains additional material, including tables, illustrations, and model presentations.
  • Produktdetails
  • Ecological Studies Vol.180
  • Verlag: Springer, Berlin
  • Artikelnr. des Verlages: 10890368
  • Erscheinungstermin: April 2005
  • Englisch
  • Abmessung: 241mm x 165mm x 30mm
  • Gewicht: 810g
  • ISBN-13: 9783540229094
  • ISBN-10: 3540229094
  • Artikelnr.: 13304531
Autorenporträt
Frans E. Wielgolaski, University of Oslo, Blindern, Norway
Inhaltsangabe
SECTION I : HISTORY, ENVIRONMENT AND PLANT SCIENCE

1. History and environment of the Nordic mountain birch. FE Wielgolaski
2. Soils and nutrients in northern birch forests: A case study from Finnmarksvidda, northern Norway. K-D Meier, D Thannheiser, J Wehberg, V Eisenmann
3. Vegetation of the mountain birch forest in northern Fennoscandia. J Wehherg, D Thannheiser, K-D Meier
4. Biomass and production on a landscape level in the northern mountain birch forests. H Tømmervik, FE Wielgolaski, S Neuvonen, B Solberg, KA Høgda
5. Mountain birch growth in relation to climate and herbivores. PS Karlsson, M Weih, C Borg
6. Responses of temperature changes on survival and growth in mountain birch populations. O Skre, J Nilsen, M Naess, B Igeland, K Taulavuori, E Taulavuori, K. Laine
7. Phenology and performance of mountain birch provenances in transplant gardens: latitudinal, attitudinal and oceanity-continentaIity gradients. J Ovaska, J Nilsen, FE Wielgolaski, H Kauhanen, R Partanen, S Neuvonen, L Kapari, O Skre, K Laine
8. A dynamic forest in a changing environment. (SYNTHESIS SECTION 1) PS Karlsson, FE Wielgolaski
SECTION 2: HERBIVORY

9. Forest defoliation risks in birch forests by insects under different climate and land use scenarios in northern Europe. S Neuvonen, H Bylund, H Tømmervik
10. Birch sapling responses to severity and timing of domestic herbivore browsing - implications for management. AJ Hester, K Lempa, S Neuvonen, K Høgh, J Feilberg, S Arnthórsdóttir, G Iason
11. Effects of reindeer grazing on pastures in a mountain birch ecosystem. K Lempa, S Neuvonen, H Tømmervik
12. Long-term influence of herbivores on northern birch forests. O Tenow. H Bylund, AC Nilsen, PS Karlsson
13. Herbivory in northern birch forests. (SYNTHESIS SECTION 2) S Neuvonen, FE Wielgolaski
SECTION 3: HUMANIMPACT

14. Rates and processes of natural regeneration in disturbed habitats. B Forbes, A Tolvanen, FE Wielgolaski, K Laine
15. Recreation at treeline and interactions withother land use activities. A Tolvanen, B Forbes, S Wall, Y Norokorpi
16. Economic limits and possibilities for sustainable utilization of northern birch forests. B Solberg, H Tømmervik, D Thannheiser, S Neuvonen
17. The vegetation changes and recent impact on the mountain birch forest during the last 40 years. D. Thannheiser, H Tømmervik, J Wehberg
18. Sami approaches to mountain birch utilization in northern Sapmi (Finland and Norway). MS Aikio, L Müller-Wille
19. Sustainable reindeer herding in the mountain birch ecosystem. K Lempa, S Neuvonen, H Tømmervik
20. Competition over nature, space, resources, and management in the northern mountain birch forest ecosystem. (SYNTHESIS SECTION 3) D Thannheiser, L Müller-Wille, FE Wielgolaski, K-D Meier
SECTION 4: MODELING DYNAMICS OF MOUNTAIN BIRCH FORESTS, MANAGEMENT AND FUTURE

21. Landscape-scale model relating the Nordic mountain birch forest spatio temporal dynamics to various anthropogenic influences, herbivory and climate change. AO Gautestad, FE Wielgolaski, I Mysterud
22. Scenarios for future development of the mountain birch ecosystem. AO Gautestad, FE Wielgolaski, B Solberg, I Mysterud
23. Managing the mountain birch ecosystem. Local communities and the state in Finlands forestry. L Müller-Wille, MS Aikio, V Luhta
24. Policies and developing plans towards sustainability of mountain birch ecosystems in Scandinavia. L Bäck, B Solberg, H Tømmervik, FE Wielgolaski
SECTION 5: INTEGRATION AND CONCLUSION

25. The Nordic mountain birch ecosystem-challenges to sustainable management. (SYNTHESIS SECTIONS 1-4) FE Wielgolaski, PS Karlsson, S Neuvonen, D Thannheiser, H Tømmervik, AO
Rezensionen
From the reviews: "Springer's Ecological Studies series provides an invaluable database and synthesis in ecology that students and researchers alike should be aware of. The series provides very useful insights into ecosystems, providing background and up-to-date information on whole ecosystems and how they function in relation to their environment. This book is no exception. ... I would recommend this book to researchers and students alike, as the data are presented in a very accessible, clear fashion and the content can be extrapolated to many upland ecosystems in the United Kingdom." (Mountain Research and Development) "The book is well structured and consists of 25 well-written concise chapters mostly by groups of authors ... all being specialists in the field. ... We have to congratulate all authors in particular the editor on this versatile, highly informative, well organized and concisely written book. ... This fascinating book is strongly recommended ... . It is a must for libraries of universities, high schools and other institutes and organisations of fundamental and applied research in bio- and geosciences ... ." (Fred J. A. Daniëls, Phytocoenologia, Vol. 37 (2), 2007)