The increase of immigrant population in developed countries (mainly in Europe and North America) together with an important increase of international travel worldwide are the two most important causes that have contributed to the introduction and diagnosis of imported/tropical infectious diseases in these countries. These factors have had an important impact in developed countries in both social and economic aspects. Imported Infectious Diseases focuses not only on describing the infections, but also in evaluating the current epidemiology, the economic and social impact and the possibility to…mehr
The increase of immigrant population in developed countries (mainly in Europe and North America) together with an important increase of international travel worldwide are the two most important causes that have contributed to the introduction and diagnosis of imported/tropical infectious diseases in these countries. These factors have had an important impact in developed countries in both social and economic aspects. Imported Infectious Diseases focuses not only on describing the infections, but also in evaluating the current epidemiology, the economic and social impact and the possibility to apply immunization measures and vaccines. The main purpose of this book is to give an overview of the current most important and frequent imported infectious diseases in developed countries. The first chapter informs about the medical services that are being offered to the immigrants in the main developed countries depending on the legal situation. Following chapters describe the main surveillance systems for these kinds of diseases, mainly in Europe and North America. Finally, remaining chapters contain sections on epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.
List of figures List of tables Acknowledgements Preface About the author 1: Introduction Abstract 1.1 The real problem of the immigration phenomenon 1.2 Immigration health costs in developed countries 1.3 Health assistance in immigrants: comparison of several countries 1.4 Impact of immigration on infectious diseases in developed countries 2: Epidemiology of infectious diseases in immigrants Abstract 2.1 Importance of immigration in the epidemiology of infectious diseases 2.2 Immigration patterns and infectious diseases 2.3 Current epidemiological data of the main imported infectious diseases in immigrants 2.4 Implications for public health research and intervention policies 3: Surveillance systems for tropical infectious diseases in developed countries Abstract 3.1 Definition of surveillance 3.2 Local and regional surveillance systems 3.3 National Public Health Institutes 3.4 International public health surveillance systems 3.5 Information for disease prevention and control 4: Febrile syndrome in immigrants and travellers Abstract 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Assessment of febrile syndrome in immigrants and returned travellers 4.3 Standardised diagnosis protocols 5: Diarrhoea syndrome Abstract 5.1 Approach to acute diarrhoea in developing countries 5.2 Traveller's diarrhoea 6: Current status of malaria Abstract 6.1 Disease and pathophysiology 6.2 Epidemiology of imported malaria 6.3 Biology and ecology of malaria 6.4 Clinical features of malaria 6.5 Diagnostic procedures 6.6 Prevention and prophylaxis: development of a malaria vaccine 6.7 Treatment of malaria 7: Filariasis Abstract 7.1 Definition 7.2 Life cycle 7.3 Lymphatic filariasis 7.4 Onchocerciasis (river blindness) 7.5 Loiasis 7.6 Mansonellosis 8: Schistosomiasis (bilharziasis) Abstract 8.1 The parasite and the disease 8.2 Epidemiology 8.3 Pathogenesis 8.4 Clinical features 8.5 Diagnosis 8.6 Treatment 9: Strongyloidiasis Abstract 9.1 Definition 9.2 Epidemiology 9.3 Clinical features 9.4 Risk factors for hyperinfection and severe disease 9.5 Diagnosis 9.6 Treatment and monitoring 9.7 Prevention 10: Trypanosomiasis Abstract 10.1 General description 10.2 African trypanosomiasis 10.3 American trypanosomiasis 11: Taeniasis and neurocysticercosis Abstract 11.1 Taeniasis 11.2 Neurocysticercosis 12: HIV infection Abstract 12.1 Initial outbreak 12.2 Current epidemiological status and mode of transmission 12.3 Viral structure and pathogenesis 12.4 Clinical manifestations 12.5 Diagnosis 12.6 Drug treatment 12.7 Prevention of HIV transmission 13: Syphilis Abstract 13.1 Aetiology 13.2 Epidemiology 13.3 Natural history and clinical manifestations 13.4 Laboratory diagnosis 13.5 Treatment of syphilis 13.6 Follow-up examinations 14: Tuberculosis: the problem of multiresistance Abstract 14.1 Definition and microbiology 14.2 Current epidemiology 14.3 Pathogenesis 14.4 Clinical manifestations 14.5 Diagnosis 14.6 Prevention and control 14.7 Treatment 15: Viral hepatitis Abstract 15.1 Introduction: the global problem of infectious hepatitis 15.2 Hepatitis A virus (HAV) 15.3 Hepatitis B virus (HBV) 15.4 Hepatitis C virus (HCV) 16: Leishmaniasis Abstract 16.1 Definition 16.2 Visceral leishmaniasis 16.3 Cutaneous leishmaniasis 17: Viral haemorrhagic fevers Abstract 17.1 Definition and overall epidemiology 17.2 Yellow fever 17.3 Lassa fever 17.4 Marburg haemorrhagic fever 17.5 Ebola haemorrhagic fever 17.6 Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever 17.7 Dengue 17.8 Rift Valley fever 17.9 Laboratory diagnosis 17.10 Prevention measures and control 17.11 Antiviral treatment 18: Arthropod-borne viruses affecting the central nervous system Abstract 18.1 Definition and epidemiology 18.2 General diagnosis 18.3 Clinically relevant arthropod-borne viruses 19: Prophylaxis, immunisation and vaccination Abstract 19.1 General considerati
"...well referenced and provides current information on a wide range of illnesses often considered tropical diseases, from a developed country perspective." --CID
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