Dealing with Complexity - Flood, Robert L.; Carson, Ewart R.
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Contents 11. 2. 2. Four Main Areas of Dispute 247 11. 2. 3. Summary . . . 248 11. 3. Making Sense of the Issues . . 248 11. 3. 1. Introduction . . . . 248 11. 3. 2. The Scientific Approach 248 11. 3. 3. Science and Matters of Society . 249 11. 3. 4. Summary . 251 11. 4. Tying It All Together . . . . 251 11. 4. 1. Introduction . . . . 251 11. 4. 2. A Unifying Framework 251 11. 4. 3. Critical Systems Thinking 253 11. 4. 4. Summary 254 11. 5. Conclusion 254 Questions . . . 255 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 257 INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267 Chapter One…mehr

Produktbeschreibung
Contents 11. 2. 2. Four Main Areas of Dispute 247 11. 2. 3. Summary . . . 248 11. 3. Making Sense of the Issues . . 248 11. 3. 1. Introduction . . . . 248 11. 3. 2. The Scientific Approach 248 11. 3. 3. Science and Matters of Society . 249 11. 3. 4. Summary . 251 11. 4. Tying It All Together . . . . 251 11. 4. 1. Introduction . . . . 251 11. 4. 2. A Unifying Framework 251 11. 4. 3. Critical Systems Thinking 253 11. 4. 4. Summary 254 11. 5. Conclusion 254 Questions . . . 255 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 257 INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267 Chapter One SYSTEMS Origin and Evolution, Terms and Concepts 1. 1. INTRODUCTION We start this book with Theme A (see Figure P. I in the Preface), which aims to develop an essential and fundamental understanding of systems science. So, what is systems science? When asked to explain what systems science is all about, many systems scientists are confronted with a rather daunting task. The discipline tends to be presented and understood in a fragmented way and very few people hold an overview understanding of the subject matter, while also having sufficient in-depth competence in many and broad-ranging subject areas where the ideas are used. Indeed, it was precisely this difficulty that identified the need for a comprehensive well-documented account such as is presented here in Dealing with Complexity.
  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: Springer, Berlin
  • 2nd ed.
  • Seitenzahl: 300
  • Erscheinungstermin: 29. Oktober 2010
  • Englisch
  • Abmessung: 254mm x 203mm x 16mm
  • Gewicht: 648g
  • ISBN-13: 9781441932273
  • ISBN-10: 1441932275
  • Artikelnr.: 32135213
Inhaltsangabe
Systems: Origin and Evolution, Terms and Concepts. Systems and Complexity. Systems and Measurement. Systems and Modeling: Diagrams and System Identification. Systems View of Management and Organizations. Systems Approach to 'Problem Solving'. Systems Theory in International Relations. Systems Models of Dynamic Processes. Quantitative Cybernetics. System and Model Decomposition. Systems Science: Making Sense of the Philosophical Issues. Index.

One. Systems: Origin and Evolution, Terms and Concepts.- 1.1. Introduction.- 1.2. The Origin and Evolution of Systems Science.- 1.3. Systems Terms and Concepts.- 1.3.1. Introduction.- 1.3.2. Terms and Concepts.- 1.4. Conclusion.- Problems.- Two. Systems and Complexity.- 2.1. Introduction.- 2.2. Coming to Grips with Complexity.- 2.2.1. Systems and People.- 2.2.2. Parts and Relationships, Notions and Perceptions.- 2.2.3. Nonlinearity, Asymmetry, and Nonholonomic Constraints.- 2.2.4. Hierarchy and Emergence.- 2.2.5. Aesthetic Measures-An Illustrative Example.- 2.3. Two-Dimensional Science.- 2.4. One Dimension beyond Three Ranges of Complexity.- 2.5. Conclusion.- Problems.- Three. Systems and Modeling I: Diagrams and Identification.- 3.1. Introduction.- 3.2. Misuse and Abuse.- 3.3. System Diagrams.- 3.3.1. Graphs.- 3.3.2. Block Diagrams.- 3.3.3. Soft System Diagrams.- 3.4. Other Useful Diagrams.- 3.4.1. Unit Diagrams.- 3.4.2. Rich Pictures.- 3.4.3. Decision Flow Diagrams.- 3.4.4. Hierarchical Representations.- 3.5. Hard System Diagrams and Messy Situations.- 3.6. Element, Relationship, and Boundary Identification.- 3.6.1. Introduction.- 3.6.2. Data Filtering for Information Production.- 3.6.3. System Identification.- 3.7. Conclusion.- Problems.- Four. Systems and Measurement.- 4.1. Introduction.- 4.2. The Nature of Measurement.- 4.2.1. Numerals, Numbers, and Other Symbols.- 4.2.2. Assignment.- 4.2.3. Rules.- 4.3. Scales of Measurement.- 4.3.1. Introduction.- 4.3.2. The Scales.- 4.4. Problems Associated with Measurement.- 4.4.1. Introduction.- 4.4.2. Content Validity.- 4.4.3. Empirical Validity.- 4.4.4. Construct Validity.- 4.4.5. The Experiential Approach.- 4.5. Conclusion.- Problems.- Five. Systems View of Management and the Organization.- 5.1. Introduction.- 5.2. Evolution of Management Theory.- 5.2.1. Introduction.- 5.2.2. Traditional Management Theory and Industrial Psychology.- 5.2.3. The Birth of Human Relations Theory.- 5.2.4. Sociotechnical Systems.- 5.2.5. Equilibrium Theories.- 5.2.6. Structural Functionalism.- 5.2.7. Open Systems.- 5.2.8. Empirical Studies.- 5.2.9. Contingency Theory.- 5.2.10. Summary.- 5.3. A Cybernetic View of Management and Organization Theory.- 5.3.1. Introduction.- 5.3.2. Three Schools of Thought.- 5.3.3. Cybernetics in the Three Schools of Thought.- 5.3.4. Summary.- 5.4. Administrative Management.- 5.4.1. Introduction.- 5.4.2. Planning.- 5.4.3. Organizing.- 5.4.4. Directing.- 5.4.5. Controlling.- 5.4.6. Summary.- 5.5. The Viable System Model: A Structuralist Alternative.- 5.5.1. Introduction.- 5.5.2. The Need for Change.- 5.5.3. The Model.- 5.5.4. Operationalizing the Model.- 5.5.5. The Chilean Experience.- 5.5.6. Summary.- 5.6. Management and Organizational Cybernetics.- 5.6.1. Introduction.- 5.6.2. Distinctions.- 5.6.3. The Cybernetic Model on Trial.- 5.6.4. Summary.- 5.7. The Interpretive Alternatives.- 5.7.1. Introduction.- 5.7.2. The Fundamental Tenets of the Paradigm.- 5.7.3. The Empirical Dilemma and Other Issues.- 5.7.4. Summary.- 5.8. Conclusion.- Problems.- Six. Systems View of Problems and Problematic Situations.- 6.1. Introduction.- 6.2. Setting the Scene.- 6.3. Hard Systems Methodologies.- 6.3.1. Introduction.- 6.3.2. Systems Analysis.- 6.3.3. Systems Engineering.- 6.3.4. Operations Research.- 6.3.5. Summary.- 6.4. Soft Systems Methodology (SSM).- 6.4.1. Introduction.- 6.4.2. The Methodology.- 6.4.3. Summary.- 6.5. Teaching and Learning Methodologies.- 6.5.1. Introduction.- 6.5.2. Rules of Checkland's Methodology.- 6.5.3. Rules of Jenkins's Methodology.- 6.5.4. Summary.- 6.6. Which Methodology When?.- 6.6.1. Introduction.- 6.6.2. Architecture of Systems Problem Solving.- 6.6.3. Toward a System of Systems Methodologies.- 6.6.4. Toward a Problem Management Tool Kit for Pragmatists.- 6.6.5. Summary.- 6.7. Three Case Studies.- 6.7.1. Introduction.- 6.7.2. Case Study 1.- 6.7.3. Case Study 2.- 6.7.4. Case Study 3.- 6.7.5. Summary.- 6.8. Conclusion.- Problems.- Seven. Systems Theory in Inter
Rezensionen
from a review of the first edition:

"A good introduction to systems science ... suitable as an introductory text for students in systems science and related areas. ... The book is well written and the text is supplemented with useful figures."

International Journal for General Systems