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Loss of biodiversity is among the greatest problems facing the world today. Conservation and the Genetics of Populations gives a comprehensive overview of the essential background, concepts, and tools needed to understand how genetic information can be used to conserve species threatened with extinction, and to manage species of ecological or commercial importance. New molecular techniques, statistical methods, and computer programs, genetic principles, and methods are becoming increasingly useful in the conservation of biological diversity. Using a balance of data and theory, coupled with…mehr

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Produktbeschreibung
Loss of biodiversity is among the greatest problems facing the world today. Conservation and the Genetics of Populations gives a comprehensive overview of the essential background, concepts, and tools needed to understand how genetic information can be used to conserve species threatened with extinction, and to manage species of ecological or commercial importance. New molecular techniques, statistical methods, and computer programs, genetic principles, and methods are becoming increasingly useful in the conservation of biological diversity. Using a balance of data and theory, coupled with basic and applied research examples, this book examines genetic and phenotypic variation in natural populations, the principles and mechanisms of evolutionary change, the interpretation of genetic data from natural populations, and how these can be applied to conservation. The book includes examples from plants, animals, and microbes in wild and captive populations. This second edition contains new chapters on Climate Change and Exploited Populations as well as new sections on genomics, genetic monitoring, emerging diseases, metagenomics, and more. One-third of the references in this edition were published after the first edition. Each of the 22 chapters and the statistical appendix have a Guest Box written by an expert in that particular topic (including James Crow, Louis Bernatchez, Loren Rieseberg, Rick Shine, and Lisette Waits). This book is essential for advanced undergraduate and graduate students of conservation genetics, natural resource management, and conservation biology, as well as professional conservation biologists working for wildlife and habitat management agencies. Additional resources for this book can be found at: www.wiley.com/go/allendorf/populations.

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  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: John Wiley & Sons
  • Seitenzahl: 632
  • Erscheinungstermin: 5. Oktober 2012
  • Englisch
  • ISBN-13: 9781118408575
  • Artikelnr.: 37343992
Autorenporträt
Fred W.Allendorf is aRegents Professor at the University of Montana and a ProfessorialResearch Fellow at Victoria University of Wellington in NewZealand. He has published over 200 articles on the populationgenetics and conservation of fish, amphibians, mammals,invertebrates, and plants. He is a past President of theAmerican Genetic Association, and has served as Director of thePopulation Biology Program of the National ScienceFoundation. He has taught conservation genetics at theUniversity of Montana, University of Oregon, University ofMinnesota, University of Western Australia, Victoria University ofWellington, and the US National Conservation TrainingCenter. Gordon Luikart is an Associate Professor at theFlathead Lake Biological Station of the University of Montana and aVisiting Scientist in the Center for Investigation of Biodiversityand Genetic Resources at the University of Porto, Portugal. He is also an awardwinning (Bronze Medal) Research Scientist with the Centre Nationalde la Recherche Scientifique at the University Joseph Fourier in Grenoble, France.His research focuses on the conservation and genetics of wild anddomestic animals, and includes over 100 publications. He wasa Fulbright Scholar at La Trobe University, Melbourne, and he is amember of the IUCN Specialist Group for Caprinae (mountainungulates) conservation.Sally N.Aitken is aProfessor in the Department of Forest Sciences and Director of theCentre for Forest Conservation Genetics at the University ofBritish Columbia. She studies the population, conservation,ecological genetics, and genomics of forest trees. She received her PhD from theUniversity of California, Berkeley, and she was a faculty member atOregon State University. She has received the Canadian Forestry ScientificAchievement Award, a Killam Faculty Research Fellowship, and aKillam Teaching Prize. She teaches forest biology, alpine ecology,and conservation genetics, and she is involved in forest geneticconservation initiatives in North America andEurope.
Inhaltsangabe
Guest Box authors
ix Preface to the second edition
xi Preface to the first edition
xiii List of symbols
xv PART I: INTRODUCTION
1 1 Introduction
3 Guest Box 1: L. Scott Mills and Michael E. Soulé
The role of genetics in conservation
13 2 Phenotypic variation in natural populations
14 Guest Box 2: Chris J. Foote
Looks can be deceiving: countergradient variation in secondary sexual color in sympatric morphs of sockeye salmon
32 3 Genetic variation in natural populations: chromosomes and proteins
34 Guest Box 3: E. M. Tuttle
Chromosomal polymorphism in the white-throated sparrow
52 4 Genetic variation in natural populations: DNA
54 Guest Box 4: Louis Bernatchez
Rapid evolutionary changes of gene expression in domesticated Atlantic salmon and its consequences for the conservation of wild populations
74 PART II: MECHANISMS OF EVOLUTIONARY CHANGE
77 5 Random mating populations: Hardy- Weinberg principle
79 Guest Box 5: Paul Sunnucks and Birgita D. Hansen
Null alleles and Bonferroni 'abuse': treasure your exceptions (and so get it right for Leadbeater's possum)
93 6 Small populations and genetic drift
96 Guest Box 6: Menna E. Jones
Reduced genetic variation and the emergence of an extinction-threatening disease in the Tasmanian devil
115 7 Effective population size
117 Guest Box 7: Craig R. Miller and Lisette P. Waits
Estimation of effective population size in Yellowstone grizzly bears
134 8 Natural selection
136 Guest Box 8: Paul A. Hohenlohe and William A. Cresko
Natural selection across the genome of the threespine stickleback fish
154 9 Population subdivision
156 Guest Box 9: M.K. Schwartz and J.M. Tucker
Genetic population structure and conservation of fisher in western North America
185 10 Multiple loci
187 Guest Box 10: Robin S. Waples
Estimation of effective population size using gametic disequilibrium
203 11 Quantitative genetics
205 Guest Box 11: David W. Coltman
Response to trophy hunting in bighorn sheep
229 12 Mutation
230 Guest Box 12: Michael W. Nachman
Color evolution via different mutations in pocket mice
242 PART III: GENETICS AND CONSERVATION
245 13 Inbreeding depression
247 Guest Box 13: Lukas F. Keller
Inbreeding depression in song sparrows
268 14 Demography and extinction
270 Guest Box 14: A. G. Young
M. Pickup
and B. G. Murray
Management implications of loss of genetic diversity at the selfincompatibility locus for the button wrinklewort
293 15 Metapopulations and fragmentation
296 Guest Box 15: Robert C. Vrijenhoek
Fitness loss and genetic rescue in stream-dwelling topminnows
313 16 Units of conservation
316 Guest Box 16: David J. Coates
Identifying units of conservation in a rich and fragmented flora
350 17 Hybridization
352 Guest Box 17: Loren H. Rieseberg
Hybridization and the conservation of plants
375 18 Exploited populations
377 Guest Box 18: Gu?rún Marteinsdóttir
Long-term genetic changes in the Icelandic stock of Atlantic cod in response to harvesting
393 19 Conservation breeding and restoration
395 Guest Box 19: Robert C. Lacy
Understanding inbreeding depression: 25 years of experiments with Peromyscus mice
419 20 Invasive species
421 Guest Box 20: Richard Shine
Rapid evolution of introduced cane toads and native snakes
438 21 Climate change
440 Guest Box 21: S. J. Franks
Rapid evolution of flowering time by an annual plant in response to climate fluctuation
453 22 Genetic identification and monitoring
455 Guest Box 22: C. Scott Baker
Genetic detection of illegal trade of whale meat results in closure of restaurants
481 Appendix: Probability and statistics
484 A1 Paradigms
485 A2 Probability
487 A3 Statistical measures and distributions
489 A4 Frequentist hypothesis testing
statistical errors
and power
496 A5 Maximum likelihood
499 A6 Bayesian approaches and MCMC (Markov Chain Monte Carlo)
500 A7 Approximate Bayesian Computation (ABC)
504 A8 Parameter estimation
accuracy
and precision
504 A9 Performance testing
506 A10 The coalescent and genealogical Information
506 Guest Box A: James F. Crow
Is mathematics necessary?
511 Glossary
513 References
531 Index
587 Color plates section between page 302 and page 303