processes; (3) ensure the integrity of ecosys The theory and practice of ecosystem manage tems; and (4) advocate the sustainable use of ment is pivotal to the debate over how to sustain the health and productivity of our envi natural resources. In this book, each of these ronment. In particular, the role of ecosystems four topics is addressed by a set of eight key in preserving biological diversity, their contri journal articles. The first article in each section bution to economic growth, and their influence provides an overview, followed by case histo ries and a concluding paper which is a…mehr
processes; (3) ensure the integrity of ecosys The theory and practice of ecosystem manage tems; and (4) advocate the sustainable use of ment is pivotal to the debate over how to sustain the health and productivity of our envi natural resources. In this book, each of these ronment. In particular, the role of ecosystems four topics is addressed by a set of eight key in preserving biological diversity, their contri journal articles. The first article in each section bution to economic growth, and their influence provides an overview, followed by case histo ries and a concluding paper which is a commen on human well-being is highly controversial tary on the difficulty of the issue or assesses its (Lubchenco et al. 1991). Traditional resource management does not protect natural values future direction. An article by Risser provides a (Sax 1993) or provide for the sustainable pro closing synthesis to this collection. duction of goods and services (Barnes 1993). The authors of the articles in Part 1-Under Yet a number of researchers and managers stand Diversity - speak to the current problems further question the ability of science to pro and directions in the conservation of biological vide sufficiently powerful tools for the under diversity. Tilman and Downing argue that standing and implementation of ecosystem preservation of native biodiversity is essential management (Clark 1996).
1: Understand Diversity.- 1. Biodiversity and Stability in Grasslands.- 2. Biological Diversity: Where Is It?.- 3. Neotropical Mammals and the Myth of Amazonian Biodiversity.- 4. Conservation of Stream Fishes: Patterns of Diversity, Rarity, and Risk.- 5. Scale Perspectives on Avian Diversity in Western Riparian Ecosystems.- 6. Beyond "Hotspots": How to Prioritize Investments to Conserve Biodiversity in the Indo-Pacific Region.- 7. Avian Community Dynamics are Discordant in Space and Time.- 8. Identifying Extinction Threats: Global Analyses of the Distribution of Biodiversity and the Expansion of the Human Enterprise.- 2: Restore Ecological Processes.- 9. The Preservation of Process: The Missing Element of Conservation Programs.- 10. Disturbance and Population Structure on the Shifting Mosaic Landscape.- 11. Fire Frequency and Community Heterogeneity in Tallgrass Prairie Vegetation.- 12. Management Practices in Tallgrass Prairie: Large- and Small-Scale Experimental Effects on Species Composition.- 13. Fire History and Vegetation Dynamics of a Chamaecyparis Thyoides Wetland on Cape Cod, Massachusetts.- 14. Organisms as Ecosystem Engineers.- 15. Modeling Complex Ecological Economic Systems: Toward an Evolutionary, Dynamic Understanding of People and Nature.- 16. Disturbance, Diversity, and Invasion: Implications for Conservation.- 3: Emphasize Biotic Integrity.- 17. Biological Invasions and Ecosystem Processes: Towards an Integration of Population Biology and Ecosystem Studies.- 18. No Park Is an Island: Increase in Interference from Outside as Park Size Decreases.- 19. Community-Wide Consequences of Trout Introduction in New Zealand Streams.- 20. Variation Among Desert Topminnows in Their Susceptibility to Attack by Exotic Parasites.- 21. A Test of the Vegetation Mosaic Hypothesis: A Hypothesis to Explain the Decline and Extinction of Australian Mammals.- 22. Fish Assemblage Recovery Along a Riverine Disturbance Gradient.- 23. Plant Invasions and the Role of Riparian Habitats: A Comparison of Four Species Alien to Central Europe.- 24. Biological Integrity Versus Biological Diversity as Policy Directives: Protecting Biotic Resources.- 4: Promote Ecological Sustainability.- 25. Great Ideas in Ecology for the 1990s.- 26. Can Extractive Reserves Save the Rain Forest? An Ecological and Socioeconomic Comparison of Nontimber Forest Product Extraction Systems in Petén, Guatemala, and West Kalimantan, Indonesia.- 27. Sustainable Use of the Tropical Rain Forest: Evidence from the Avifauna in a Shifting-Cultivation Habitat Mosaic in the Colombian Amazon.- 28. The Effects of Management Systems on Ground-Foraging Ant Diversity in Costa Rica.- 29. An Approach for Managing Vertebrate Diversity Across Multiple-Use Landscapes.- 30. Cross-Scale Morphology, Geometry, and Dynamics of Ecosystems.- 31. Scale and Biodiversity Policy: A Hierarchical Approach.- 32. Population, Sustainability, and Earth's Carrying Capacity.- 33. Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function.
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