Ludwig Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations (eBook, PDF) - Agassi, Joseph
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This book collects 13 papers that explore Wittgenstein's philosophy throughout the different stages of his career. The author writes from the viewpoint of critical rationalism. The tone of his analysis is friendly and appreciative yet critical.
Of these papers, seven are on the background to the philosophy of Wittgenstein. Five papers examine different aspects of it: one on the philosophy of young Wittgenstein, one on his transitional period, and the final three on the philosophy of mature Wittgenstein, chiefly his Philosophical Investigations. The last of these papers, which serves as the…mehr

Produktbeschreibung
This book collects 13 papers that explore Wittgenstein's philosophy throughout the different stages of his career. The author writes from the viewpoint of critical rationalism. The tone of his analysis is friendly and appreciative yet critical.

Of these papers, seven are on the background to the philosophy of Wittgenstein. Five papers examine different aspects of it: one on the philosophy of young Wittgenstein, one on his transitional period, and the final three on the philosophy of mature Wittgenstein, chiefly his Philosophical Investigations. The last of these papers, which serves as the concluding chapter, concerns the analytical school of philosophy that grew chiefly under its influence.

Wittgenstein's posthumous Philosophical Investigations ignores formal languages while retaining the view of metaphysics as meaningless -- declaring that all languages are metaphysics-free. It was very popular in the middle of the twentieth century. Now it is passé. Wittgenstein had hoped to dissolve all philosophical disputes, yet he generated a new kind of dispute. His claim to have improved the philosophy of life is awkward just because he prevented philosophical discussion from the ability to achieve that: he cut the branch on which he was sitting. This, according to the author, is the most serious critique of Wittgenstein.

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  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: Springer-Verlag GmbH
  • Seitenzahl: 295
  • Erscheinungstermin: 23.11.2018
  • Englisch
  • ISBN-13: 9783030001179
  • Artikelnr.: 56792688
Inhaltsangabe
Preface Chapter 1. Background 1.1. The Tragedy of Young Wittgenstein 1.2. Metaphysics Needs No Defense 1.3. The Analytic School and Politics 1.4. Analysis; Paradoxes of Analysis 1.5. Grammatical Errors
Chapter 2. A History of Anti-Metaphysics 2.1. The Doctrine of Prejudice 2.2. Radicalism 2.3. The Poverty of the Analytic Scholarship 2.4. The Rise of Current Anti-Metaphysics
Chapter 3. The waning of essentialism 3.1. The Background to Anti-Metaphysics 3.2. Anti-Essentialism 3.3. Existential Import 3.4. On Stilted Language 3.5. Reinterpretation in Logic and in Science
Chapter 4. Logic and Mathematics 4.1. Words, Statements and Inferences 4.2. The Universe of Discourse 4.3. The Place of Kant in the Story 4.4. Logic, Mathematics and Meaning
Chapter 5. Logic and Language 5.1. Proper Form versus Truth-value 5.2. Laws of Thought versus Laws of language 5.3. Between Logic and Psychology
Chapter 6. Frege 6.1. Anti-Essentialism Again 6.2. What is a Calculus? 6.3. The Demise of Transcendental Logic
Chapter 7. Russell 7.1. The Deduction Theorem 7.2. On Denoting 7.3. The Puzzle 7.4. Russell and Young Wittgenstein
Chapter 8. Young Wittgenstein 8.1. Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus 8.2 Russellian Background 8.3. Logical Atomism 8.4. The Significant Meaningless
Chapter 9. Interim period: Carnap versus Popper 9.1. Background again 9.2. The Interim Period 9.3. Engelmann 9.4. Ideal Language 9.5. Wittgenstein and Carnap
Chapter 10. Ordinary Language Analysis 10.1. Philosophical Investigations: Background 10.2. Young and Mature Wittgenstein 10.3. Signposts in Philosophical Investigations 10.4. The Aftermath
Chapter 11. The Message of Philosophical Investigations 11.1. Analysis versus Metaphysics 11.2. Analysis sans Anti-metaphysics 11.3. Anti-Essentialism again 11.4. Wittgenstein's Heritage Appendix to Lecture 11
Chapter 12. Analysis of Analysis 12.1. Analysis Defended 12.2. The Limits of Language 12.3. Wittgenstein's Analytic Approach
Chapter 13. Conclusion: The Place of Wittgenstein 13.1. Things to Avoid 13.2. Wittgenstein's Self-appraisal 13.3. Wittgenstein as a Moralist 13.4. The Task of Philosophers 13.5. The Public Impact of Wittgenstein's Investigations 13.6. Conclusion
References Index of Names