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A completely updated guide to the laws and regulations governing charitable giving This fully updated Fifth Edition of The Tax Law of Charitable Giving is the definitive resource for nonprofit lawyers, accountants, and fundraising professionals charged with navigating the increasingly complex maze of charitable giving regulations. This new edition includes: * Detailed documentation and citations, including references to regulations, rulings, cases, and tax literature * An exhaustive index allowing for quick and easy reference * Annual supplements to keep readers apprised of the latest developments affecting tax-exempt healthcare organizations…mehr

Produktbeschreibung
A completely updated guide to the laws and regulations governing charitable giving This fully updated Fifth Edition of The Tax Law of Charitable Giving is the definitive resource for nonprofit lawyers, accountants, and fundraising professionals charged with navigating the increasingly complex maze of charitable giving regulations. This new edition includes: * Detailed documentation and citations, including references to regulations, rulings, cases, and tax literature * An exhaustive index allowing for quick and easy reference * Annual supplements to keep readers apprised of the latest developments affecting tax-exempt healthcare organizations
  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: John Wiley & Sons / Wiley, John, & Sons, Inc
  • 5. Auflage
  • Seitenzahl: 930
  • Erscheinungstermin: 10. Juni 2014
  • Englisch
  • Abmessung: 254mm x 178mm x 53mm
  • Gewicht: 1909g
  • ISBN-13: 9781118768037
  • ISBN-10: 1118768035
  • Artikelnr.: 40372694
Autorenporträt
BRUCE R. HOPKINS is a senior partner with the firm Polsinelli PC. He is also the author of more than 35 books, including The Law of Tax-Exempt Organizations, Tenth Edition; The Law of Fundraising, Fifth Edition; Nonprofit Law for Colleges and Universities; Nonprofit Governance; and Nonprofit Law Made Easy, as well as the monthly newsletter Bruce R. Hopkins' Nonprofit Counsel, all published by Wiley.
Inhaltsangabe
Preface xv Book Citations xxi PART ONE Introduction to the Tax Law of Charitable Giving 1 Charitable Giving Law: Basic Concepts 3 § 1.1 Introduction to the Charitable Contribution Deduction 3 § 1.2 Defining Tax
Exempt Organizations 5 § 1.3 Principles of Charitable Organizations Law Philosophy 8 § 1.4 Statistical Profile of Charitable Sector 23 § 1.5 Categories of Tax
Exempt Organizations 28 2 The United States Tax System: An Overview 31 § 2.1 Concept of Income 33 § 2.2 Gross Income 34 § 2.3 Exclusions from Income 35 § 2.4 Concept of Adjusted Gross Income 36 § 2.5 Deductions 37 § 2.6 Standard Deduction 39 § 2.7 Concept of Taxable Income 39 § 2.8 Taxable and Nontaxable Entities 41 § 2.9 Annual Accounting Period 42 § 2.10 Accounting Methods 43 § 2.11 Timing 43 § 2.12 Property 44 § 2.13 Inventory 46 § 2.14 Gain 47 § 2.15 Taxation of Income 53 § 2.16 Capital Assets, Gains, and Losses 58 § 2.17 Carryovers and Carrybacks 60 § 2.18 Alternative Minimum Tax 61 § 2.19 Depreciation 64 § 2.20 Capital Gains and Losses Rates 65 § 2.21 Taxation of Corporate Distributions 65 § 2.22 Accumulated Earnings and Personal Holding Company Taxes 66 § 2.23 Tax Credits 66 § 2.24 Foreign Tax Credits 67 § 2.25 Federal Tax Law Definition of Marriage 67 PART TWO Basics of Charitable Giving Law 3 Fundamental Concepts 71 § 3.1 Meaning of Gift 71 § 3.2 Meaning of Donor 117 § 3.3 Meaning of Charitable Organization 119 § 3.4 Public Charities and Private Foundations 131 § 3.5 Unrelated Business Rules 146 § 3.6 Factors Affecting Income Tax Deductibility of Charitable Gifts 153 § 3.7 Charitable Organizations Listing Reliance Rules 155 § 3.8 Grantor Trust Rules 157 4 Gifts of Money and Property 161 § 4.1 Gifts of Money 161 § 4.2 Gifts of Property in General 162 § 4.3 Gifts of Long
Term Capital Gain Property in General 164 § 4.4 Gifts of Ordinary Income Property 165 § 4.5 Certain Gifts of Capital Gain Property 170 § 4.6 Gifts of Property for Unrelated Use 173 § 4.7 Variations in Applying Property Rules 177 § 4.8 Step Transaction Doctrine 178 § 4.9 Charitable Pledges 184 5 Fundamentals of Planned Giving 187 § 5.1 Introduction 188 § 5.2 Appreciated Property Gifts 188 § 5.3 Planned Gifts: Core Concepts 189 § 5.4 Charitable Remainder Trusts 191 § 5.5 Pooled Income Funds 199 § 5.6 Charitable Gift Annuities 207 § 5.7 Charitable Lead Trusts 208 § 5.8 Planned Giving: Other Forms 211 § 5.9 Planned Giving and Securities Laws 212 PART THREE Charitable Giving in General 6 Timing of Charitable Deductions 217 § 6.1 Gifts of Money in General 219 § 6.2 Gifts of Money by Check 219 § 6.3 Gifts of Money by Credit Card 222 § 6.4 Gifts of Money by Telephone 222 § 6.5 Gifts of Securities 223 § 6.6 Gifts of Copyright Interest 226 § 6.7 Gifts by Means of Notes 226 § 6.8 Gifts by Letters of Credit 227 § 6.9 Gifts of Property Subject to Option 227 § 6.10 Gifts of Stock Options 228 § 6.11 Gifts of Credit Card Rebates 230 § 6.12 Gifts of Tangible Personal Property 231 § 6.13 Gifts of Real Property 231 § 6.14 Gifts by C Corporations 232 § 6.15 Gifts by S Corporations 233 § 6.16 Gifts by Partnerships 234 § 6.17 Gifts by Means of Internet 237 7 Percentage Limitations 239 § 7.1 Introduction 240 § 7.2 Individual's Contribution Base 243 § 7.3 Corporation's Taxable Income 243 § 7.4 Percentage Limitations: An Overview 243 § 7.5 Fifty Percent Limitation 246 § 7.6 Thirty Percent Limitation for Gifts of Certain Property 253 § 7.7 Electable 50 Percent Limitation 257 § 7.8 General 30 Percent Limitation 263 § 7.9 Interplay of 50 Percent/Special 30 Percent Limitations 265 § 7.10 Interplay of 50 Percent/General 30 Percent Limitations 266 § 7.11 Interplay of Special 30 Percent/General 30 Percent Limitations 268 § 7.12 Twenty Percent Limitation 268 § 7.13 Gifts for the Use of Charity 270 § 7.14 Blending Percentage Limitations 270 § 7.15 Individuals' Net Operating Loss Carryovers and Carrybacks 271 § 7.16 Rules for Spouses 275 § 7.17 Information Requirements 279 § 7.18 Percentage Limitation for Corporations 280 § 7.19 Corporations' Net Operating Loss Carryovers and Carrybacks 283 8 Estate and Gift Tax Considerations 287 § 8.1 Introduction 287 § 8.2 Federal Gift Tax 289 § 8.3 Federal Estate Tax 301 § 8.4 Unification of Taxes 315 § 8.5 Generation
Skipping Transfer Tax 316 § 8.6 Remainder Interests 319 § 8.7 Ascertainability 329 9 Special Gift Situations 333 § 9.1 Works of Art 334 § 9.2 Gems 338 § 9.3 Inventory 340 § 9.4 Scientific Research Property 352 § 9.5 Computer Technology or Equipment 353 § 9.6 License to Use Patent 355 § 9.7 Conservation Property 357 § 9.8 S Corporation Stock 380 § 9.9 Section 306 Stock 389 § 9.10 Retirement Plan Accounts 391 § 9.11 Commodity Futures Contracts 401 § 9.12 Donors' Creations 403 § 9.13 Charity Auctions 404 § 9.14 Services 411 § 9.15 Unreimbursed Expenses 412 § 9.16 Limitation on Deduction for Expenses Due to Pleasure 418 § 9.17 Automobile Expenses 422 § 9.18 Use of Property 422 § 9.19 Bargain Sales 423 § 9.20 Property Subject to Debt 429 § 9.21 Future Interests in Tangible Personal Property 433 § 9.22 Contributions by Trusts 436 § 9.23 Partial Interests 444 § 9.24 Taxidermy 447 § 9.25 Clothing and Household Items 448 § 9.26 Charitable Family Limited Partnerships 448 § 9.27 Motor and Other Vehicles 450 § 9.28 Intellectual Property 457 § 9.29 Foreign Tax Credit 462 § 9.30 Subsistence Whaling Expenses 462 § 9.31 Public Policy Considerations 463 10 Other Aspects of Deductible Giving 471 § 10.1 Valuation of Property 472 § 10.2 Contributions by Means of an Agent 496 § 10.3 Gifts for the Use of Charity 497 § 10.4 Conditional Gifts 499 § 10.5 Earmarking of Gifts for Individuals 505 § 10.6 Alternative Minimum Tax Considerations 508 § 10.7 Interrelationship with Business Expense Deduction 509 § 10.8 Denial of Deduction for Lobbying Activities 510 § 10.9 Deductible Gifts to Noncharitable Organizations 511 § 10.10 Reallocation of Deductions 516 § 10.11 Charitable Giving and Funding of Terrorism 517 § 10.12 Statute of Limitations 518 § 10.13 Concept of Trust Income 518 § 10.14 Penalties 521 § 10.15 Transactions of Interest 532 PART FOUR Planned Giving 11 Valuation of Partial Interests 541 § 11.1 Overview of Statutory Law 541 § 11.2 Standard Actuarial Factors 542 § 11.3 General Actuarial Valuations 544 § 11.4 Nonstandard Actuarial Factors 547 12 Charitable Remainder Trusts 551 § 12.1 Definitions 552 § 12.2 Charitable Remainder Annuity Trust Rules 566 § 12.3 Charitable Remainder Unitrust Rules 580 § 12.4 Issues 598 § 12.5 Tax Treatment of Distributions 615 § 12.6 Division of Charitable Remainder Trusts 627 § 12.7 Early Terminations of Charitable Remainder Trusts 631 § 12.8 Taxation of Charitable Remainder Trusts 633 § 12.9 Mandatory Provisions 636 § 12.10 Private Foundation Rules 637 § 12.11 Wealth Replacement Trusts 639 § 12.12 Calculation of Charitable Deduction 646 13 Pooled Income Funds 653 § 13.1 Definitions 654 § 13.2 Qualifying Pooled Income Funds 655 § 13.3 Allocation of Income 661 § 13.4 Recognition of Gain or Loss on Transfers 665 § 13.5 Mandatory Provisions 666 § 13.6 Private Foundation Rules 667 § 13.7 Pass
Through of Depreciation 668 § 13.8 Tax Status of Fund and Beneficiaries 669 § 13.9 Multiorganization Pooled Income Funds 670 § 13.10 Comparison with Charitable Remainder Trusts 674 § 13.11 Charitable Contribution Deduction 675 14 Charitable Gift Annuities 677 § 14.1 Contract as Vehicle Form 677 § 14.2 Tax Treatment to Donor 678 § 14.3 Deferred Payment Gift Annuities 679 § 14.4 Estate and Gift Tax Consequences 681 § 14.5 Unrelated Business Income Implications 681 § 14.6 Unrelated Debt
Financed Income Implications 682 § 14.7 Contrast with Other Planned Gift Methods 683 § 14.8 Gift Annuities and Antitrust Laws 684 § 14.9 Gift Annuities and Securities Laws 685 § 14.10 Charitable Contribution Deduction 685 15 Other Gifts of Remainder Interests 687 § 15.1 Overview 687 § 15.2 Contributions of Remainder Interests in Personal Residence or Farm 688 § 15.3 Undivided Portions of Entire Interests in Property 691 16 Charitable Lead Trusts 701 § 16.1 General Rules 701 § 16.2 Income Interest 702 § 16.3 Income Tax Charitable Deduction 704 § 16.4 Tax Treatment of Charitable Lead Trusts 705 § 16.5 Testamentary Use of Charitable Lead Trusts 707 § 16.6 Percentage Limitation Rules 708 § 16.7 Private Foundation Rules 709 § 16.8 Anti
Abuse Rule Concerning Income Interests 710 § 16.9 Charitable Income Trusts 713 § 16.10 Comparison with Charitable Remainder Trusts 713 § 16.11 Valuing Charitable Deduction 714 17 Gifts of and Using Life Insurance 715 § 17.1 Introduction 715 § 17.2 Life Insurance Concepts 716 § 17.3 Charitable Giving and Insurance 719 § 17.4 Insurable Interest 724 § 17.5 Unrelated Debt
Financed Income Considerations 727 § 17.6 Charitable Split
Dollar Insurance Plans 728 § 17.7 Applicable Insurance Contract Reporting Requirements 735 PART FIVE International Charitable Giving 18 International Giving by Individuals During Lifetime 739 § 18.1 Introduction 739 § 18.2 Background 740 § 18.3 Earmarking and Conduit Restrictions 743 § 18.4 Control Over Foreign Donees 747 § 18.5 Summary 749 § 18.6 Income Tax Treaties 750 19 International Giving by Individuals through Estates 753 § 19.1 Introduction 753 § 19.2 Estate Tax Rules 754 § 19.3 Gift Tax Rules 760 § 19.4 Charitable Giving by Noncitizen Nonresidents 760 20 International Giving by Corporations 763 § 20.1 Corporate Gifts to U.S. Charity for Overseas Use 763 § 20.2 Gifts of Money from Foreign Affiliate of U.S. Parent to Overseas Charity 764 § 20.3 Gift of Goods or Services to Benefit Foreign Charity 765 § 20.4 Grants of Funds from U.S. Corporation
Related Foundation to Foreign Charity 766 PART SIX Administration of Charitable Giving Programs 21 Substantiation and Appraisal Requirements 779 § 21.1 Introduction 779 § 21.2 Substantiation Requirements for Gifts of Money 780 § 21.3 Substantiation Requirements for Gifts of $250 or More 782 § 21.4 Substantiation Requirements for Noncash Gifts 792 § 21.5 Appraisal Requirements 795 § 21.6 Appraisals and Penalties 805 § 21.7 Appraisals of Clothing and Household Items 807 § 21.8 Burden of Proof Rules 807 22 Disclosure Requirements 809 § 22.1 Disclosure by Charitable Organizations in General 809 § 22.2 Quid Pro Quo Contribution Rules 814 § 22.3 Disclosure by Noncharitable Organizations 818 23 Special Events, Corporate Sponsorships, and Donor
Advised Funds 823 § 23.1 IRS Audit Guidelines 824 § 23.2 Special Events 828 § 23.3 Corporate Sponsorship Rules 830 § 23.4 Donor
Advised Funds 833 24 Reporting Requirements 841 § 24.1 Gift Reporting by Individuals 841 § 24.2 Gift Reporting by C Corporations 842 § 24.3 Gift Reporting by S Corporations 842 § 24.4 Gift Reporting by Partnerships 842 § 24.5 Gift Reporting by Donees in General 843 § 24.6 Gift Reporting in Unrelated Business Context 848 § 24.7 Reporting of Noncash Gifts in General 851 § 24.8 Reporting of Gifts of Vehicles 868 § 24.9 Reporting of Gifts of Intellectual Property 870 § 24.10 Reporting on Dispositions of Contributed Property 871 § 24.11 Personal Benefit Contract Reporting Requirements 874 § 24.12 Split
Interest Trust Filing Requirements 875 25 State Fundraising Regulation 877 § 25.1 State Regulation in General 877 § 25.2 Historical Perspective 878 § 25.3 States' Police Power 880 § 25.4 Basic Definitions 881 § 25.5 Registration Requirements 882 § 25.6 Reporting Requirements 882 § 25.7 Exemptions from Regulation 883 § 25.8 Fundraising Cost Limitations 884

Preface ix About the Author xi Book Citations xiii Part One Introduction to the Tax Law of Charitable Giving 1 Chapter One Charitable Giving Law: Basic Concepts 3 1.3 Principles of Charitable Organizations Law Philosophy 3 1.4 Statistical Profile of Charitable Sector 3 Chapter Two The United States Tax System: An Overview 5 2.5 Deductions 5 2.6 Standard Deduction 6 2.7 Concept of Taxable Income 6 2.15 Taxation of Income 7 Part Two Basics of Charitable Giving Law 9 Chapter Three Fundamental Concepts 11 3.1 Meaning of Gift 11 3.2 Meaning of Donor 15 3.4 Public Charities and Private Foundations 16 3.6 Factors Affecting Income Tax Deductibility of Charitable Gifts 20 3.7 Charitable Organizations Listing Reliance Rules 20 Chapter Four Gifts of Money and Property 25 4.3 Gifts of Long-Term Capital Gain Property in General 25 4.4 Gifts of Ordinary Income Property 25 4.8 Step Transaction Doctrine 25 Part Three Charitable Giving In General 27 Chapter Six Timing of Charitable Deductions 29 6.13A Gifts of Easements (New) 29 6.15 Gifts by S Corporations 30 6.16 Gifts by Partnerships 30 Chapter Seven Percentage Limitations 31 7.2 Individual's Contribution Base 31 7.4 Percentage Limitations: An Overview 31 7.4A Sixty Percent Limitation 32 7.5 Fifty Percent Limitation 33 7.12A Qualified Conservation Contributions 33 7.12B Conservation Gifts by Farmers and Ranchers 35 Chapter Eight Estate and Gift Tax Considerations 39 8.2 Federal Gift Tax 39 Chapter Nine Special Gift Situations 41 9.3 Inventory 41 9.7 Conservation Property 42 9.10 Retirement Plan Accounts 51 9.19 Bargain Sales 52 9.22 Contributions by Trusts 52 9.22A Contributions by Estates 54 9.25A College Seating Rights 58 Chapter Ten Other Aspects of Deductible Giving 59 10.1 Valuation of Property 59 10.4 Conditional Gifts 61 10.7 Interrelationship with Business Expense Deduction 61 10.14 Penalties 62 10.15 Transactions of Interest 64 Part Four Planned Giving 69 Chapter Eleven Valuation of Partial Interests 71 11.3 General Actuarial Valuations 71 Chapter Twelve Charitable Remainder Trusts 73 12.1 Definitions 73 12.2 Charitable Remainder Annuity Trust Rules 73 12.3 Charitable Remainder Unitrust Rules 76 12.4 Issues 76 12.10 Private Foundation Rules 77 12.12 Calculation of Charitable Deduction 77 12.13 Regular Termination of Charitable Remainder Trusts 80 Chapter Thirteen Pooled Income Funds 83 13.7 Pass-Through of Depreciation 83 Chapter Sixteen Charitable Lead Trusts 85 16.7 Private Foundation Rules 85 Part Five International Charitable Giving 87 Chapter Eighteen International Giving by Individuals during Lifetime 89 Part Six Administration of Charitable Giving Programs 91 Chapter Twenty-One Substantiation and Appraisal Requirements 93 21.1 Introduction 93 21.2 Record-Keeping Requirements for Gifts of Money 94 21.2A Substantiation Requirement for Conservation Contributions 95 21.3 Substantiation Requirements for Gifts of $250 or More 95 21.4 Substantiation Requirements for Noncash Gifts 101 21.5 Appraisal Requirements 104 21.7 Rules as to Clothing and Household Items 107 21.7A Substantiation Requirements for Gifts to Donor-Advised Funds 107 21.8 Burden of Proof Rules 108 Chapter Twenty-Three Special Events, Corporate Sponsorships, and Donor-Advised Funds 109 23.4 Donor-Advised Funds 109 Part Seven Appendices 119 Appendix H Monthly Federal Interest Rates Used in Valuing Partial Interests (IRC 7520) 121 Appendix I Deemed Rates of Return for Transfers to New Pooled Income Funds 129 Part Eight Tables 131 Cumulative Table of Cases 133 Cumulative Table of IRS Revenue Rulings and Revenue Procedures 147 Cumulative Table of IRS Private Determinations Cited in Text 151 Cumulative Table of IRS Private Letter Rulings, Technical Advice Memor