The age of nanotechnology is upon us. Engineering at the molecular level is no longer a computer-generated curiosity and is beginning to affect the lives of everyone. Molecules which can respond to their environment and the smart machines we can build with them are and will continue to be a vital part of this 21st-century revolution. Liming Dai presents the latest work on many newly-discovered intelligent macromolecular systems and reviews their uses in nano-devices. Intelligent Macromolecules for Smart Devices features: - An accessible assessment of the properties and materials…mehr
The age of nanotechnology is upon us. Engineering at the molecular level is no longer a computer-generated curiosity and is beginning to affect the lives of everyone. Molecules which can respond to their environment and the smart machines we can build with them are and will continue to be a vital part of this 21st-century revolution. Liming Dai presents the latest work on many newly-discovered intelligent macromolecular systems and reviews their uses in nano-devices.
Intelligent Macromolecules for Smart Devices features:
- An accessible assessment of the properties and materials chemistry of all the major classes of intelligent macromolecules from optoelectronic biomacromolecules to dendrimers, artificial opals and carbon nanotubes
- In-depth analysis of various smart devices including a critique of the suitability of different molecules for building each type of device
- A concise compilation of the practical applications of intelligent macromolecules including sensors and actuators, polymer batteries, carbon-nanotube supercapacitors, novel lasing species and photovoltaic cells
As an exposition of cutting-edge research against a backdrop of comprehensive review, Intelligent Macromolecules for Smart Devices will be an essential addition to the bookshelf of academic and industrial researchers in nanotechnology. Graduate and senior undergraduate students looking to make their mark in this field of the future will also find it most instructive.
Demand for this book will be generated by the large number of companies and academic institutions interested in research in nanomaterials and devices. Both academics and industrial engineers needing to know the background and latest research in the area of smart materials will want to read this book.
1 The Concepts of Intelligent Macromolecules and Smart Devices 1.1 Introduction 1.2 The Concept of Intelligent Macromolecules 1.2.1 Synthetic Macromolecules 126.96.36.199 Chain Structure and Classification 188.8.131.52 Synthesis 184.108.40.206 Chain Conformation 220.127.116.11 Macromolecular Structure in Solution 18.104.22.168 Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary Structure 1.2.2 Biological Macromolecules 22.214.171.124 Structure of DNA 126.96.36.199 Structure of Proteins 188.8.131.52 Structure of Polysaccharides 1.2.3 Carbon Nanomaterials 1.2.4 Intelligent Macromolecules 1.3 The Concept of Smart Devices 1.3.1 Self-assembling and Micro-/Nano-fabrication 1.3.2 Functional Structures and Smart Devices 1.4 References Part I. Intelligent Macromolecules 2 Conducting Polymers 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Conjugated Conducting Polymers 2.2.1 Structure and Properties 184.108.40.206 - * Conjugation 220.127.116.11 Doping 2.2.2 Synthesis 18.104.22.168 Syntheses of Soluble Conjugated Polymers 22.214.171.124 Syntheses of Conjugated Polymer Films 2.3 Charge Transfer Polymers 2.3.1 Organic Charge Transfer Complexes 2.3.2 Polymeric Charge Transfer Complexes 2.3.3 Charge Transfer Between Fullerene C60 and Polymers 2.4 Ionically Conducting Polymers 2.4.1 Structural Features of Polymer Electrolytes 2.4.2 Transport Properties and Chain Dynamics 2.5 Conductively Filled Polymers 2.5.1 Polymers Filled with Conductive Solids 2.5.2 Polymers Filled with Conjugated Conducting Polymers 2.6 References 3 Stimuli-responsive Polymers 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Solvent-responsive Polymers 3.3 Temperature-responsive Polymers 3.3.1 Temperature-responsive Polymers in Solution 3.3.2 Temperature-responsive Polymers on Surface 3.4 pH-responsive Polymers 3.5 Ionically Responsive Polymers 3.6 Electrically Responsive Polymers 3.7 Photoelectrochromism 3.8 PhotoresponsivePolymers 3.9 Biochromism 3.10 Photomodulation of Enzyme Activity 3.11 References 4 Dendrimers and Fullerenes 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Dendrimers 4.2.1 Synthesis 126.96.36.199 Divergent Approach 188.8.131.52 Convergent-growth Approach 184.108.40.206 Other Miscellaneous Approaches 4.2.2 Structure 220.127.116.11 Dendrimers with a Metal Core 18.104.22.168 Dendrimers with a Hollow Core 22.214.171.124 Dendrimers with a Hydrophobic Interior and Hydrophilic Exterior Layer 126.96.36.199 Dendrimers with Guest Molecules Trapped in their Cavities 188.8.131.52 Dendrimers with Different Terminal Groups 4.3 Fullerene C60 4.3.1 Chemistry of C60 184.108.40.206 Addition Reactions 220.127.116.11 Dimerization and Polymerization 4.3.2 Polymeric Derivatives of C60 18.104.22.168 Fullerene Charm Bracelets 22.214.171.124 Fullerene Pearl Necklaces 126.96.36.199 Flagellenes 4.4 References 5 Carbon Nanotubes 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Structure 5.3 Property 5.4 Synthesis 5.4.1 Multi-wall Carbon Nanotubes (MWNTs) 5.4.2 Single-wall Carbon Nanotubes (SWNTs) 5.5 Purification 5.6 Microfabrication 5.6.1 Opening, Filling and Closing 5.6.2 Filling 5.6.3 Tip-closing 5.7 Chemical Modification 5.7.1 End-functionalization 188.8.131.52 Oxidation of Carbon Nanotubes 184.108.40.206 Covalent-Coupling via the Oxidized Nanotube Ends 5.7.2 Modification of Nanotube Outerwall 220.127.116.11 Sidewall Fluorination of Carbon Nanotubes 18.104.22.168 The Attachment of Dichlorocarbene to the Sidewall 22.214.171.124 Modification via 1,3-Dipolar Cycloaddition of Azomethine Ylides 126.96.36.199 The Reaction Between Aniline and Carbon Nanotubes 5.7.3 Functionalization of Carbon Nanotube Innerwall 5.7.4 Other Physical Chemistries of Carbon Nanotubes 188.8.131.52 Modification of Carbon Nanotubes via Mechanochemical Reactions 184.108.40.206 Modification of Carbon Nanotubes via Electrochemical Reactions 220.127.116.11 Modification of Carbon Nanotubes via Photochemical Reactions 5.8 Non-covalen
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