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Thermal Physics of the Atmosphere offers a concise andthorough introduction on how basic thermodynamics naturally leadson to advanced topics in atmospheric physics. The book starts by covering the basics of thermodynamics and itsapplications in atmospheric science. The later chaptersdescribe major applications, specific to more specialized areas ofatmospheric physics, including vertical structure and stability,cloud formation, and radiative processes. The book concludeswith a discussion of non-equilibrium thermodynamics as applied tothe atmosphere. This book provides a thorough introduction…mehr

Produktbeschreibung
Thermal Physics of the Atmosphere offers a concise andthorough introduction on how basic thermodynamics naturally leadson to advanced topics in atmospheric physics. The book starts by covering the basics of thermodynamics and itsapplications in atmospheric science. The later chaptersdescribe major applications, specific to more specialized areas ofatmospheric physics, including vertical structure and stability,cloud formation, and radiative processes. The book concludeswith a discussion of non-equilibrium thermodynamics as applied tothe atmosphere. This book provides a thorough introduction and invaluablegrounding for specialised literature on the subject. * Introduces a wide range of areas associated with atmosphericphysics * Starts from basic level thermal physics * Ideally suited for readers with a general physicsbackground * Self-assessment questions included for each chapter * Supplementary website to accompany the book

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  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: John Wiley & Sons
  • Seitenzahl: 256
  • Erscheinungstermin: 22. März 2010
  • Englisch
  • ISBN-13: 9780470710371
  • Artikelnr.: 37298743
Autorenporträt
Maarten H. P. Ambaum is the author of Thermal Physics of the Atmosphere, published by Wiley.
Inhaltsangabe
Preface. Useful data. 1 Ideal gases. 1.1 Thermodynamic variables. 1.2 Microscopic viewpoint. 1.3 Ideal gas mixtures. Problems. 2 The first and second laws. 2.1 Work. 2.2 Energy conservation: the first law. 2.3 Entropy and the second law. 2.4 Boltzmann entropy. 2.5 Entropy and probability: a macroscopic example. 2.6 Entropy and probability: a stochastic example. Problems. 3 General applications. 3.1 Thermodynamic potentials. 3.2 Heat capacity. 3.3 Properties of ideal gases. 3.4 van der Waals' Gases. 3.5 Open systems: enthalpy flux. 3.6 Latent heat. 3.7 Turbulent energy fluxes. 3.8 Potential temperature. Problems. 4 The atmosphere under gravity. 4.1 Geopotential. 4.2 Hydrostatic balance. 4.3 Adiabatic lapse rate. 4.4 Buoyancy. 4.5 Dry static energy and Bernoulli function. 4.6 Statistical mechanics. Problems. 5 Water in the atmosphere. 5.1 The Clausius Clapeyron equation. 5.2 Calculation of saturated vapour pressure. 5.3 Humidity variables. 5.4 Moist static energy. Problems. 6 Vertical structure of the moist atmosphere. 6.1 Adiabatic lapse rate for moist air. 6.2 Entropy budget for saturated air. 6.3 Finite amplitude instabilities. 6.4 Vertical structure in thermodynamic diagrams. 6.5 Convective available potential energy. 7 Cloud drops. 7.1 Homogeneous nucleation: the Kelvin effect. 7.2 Heterogeneous nucleation: the Raoult effect. 7.3 Köhler theory. 7.4 Charge
enhanced nucleation. 7.5 Droplet growth. Problems. 8 Mixtures and solutions. 8.1 Chemical potentials. 8.2 Ideal gas mixtures and ideal solutions. 8.3 Raoult's law revisited. 8.4 Boiling and freezing of solutions. Problems. 9 Thermal radiation. 9.1 Thermal radiation and Kirchhoff's law. 9.2 The Stefan
Boltzmann and Wien displacement laws. 9.3 Global energy budget and the greenhouse effect. 9.4 Horizontal variations. 9.5 Radiative intensity. 9.6 Radiative transfer. 9.7 Radiative
convective equilibrium. 9.8 Thermodynamics of a photon gas. 9.9 Derivation of the Planck law. Problems. 10 Non
equilibrium processes. 10.1 Energetics of motion. 10.2 Diabatic effects and the second law. 10.3 Thermodynamics of forced dissipative systems. 10.4 Climate thermodynamics. Problems. Appendix A Functions of several variables. Appendix B Exergy and thermodynamic stability. Appendix C Thermodynamic diagrams. Appendix D Relationship between energy density and energy flux. Index.