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Although the overall appearance of modern airliners has notchanged a lot since the introduction of jetliners in the 1950s,their safety, efficiency and environmental friendliness haveimproved considerably. Main contributors to this have been gasturbine engine technology, advanced materials, computationalaerodynamics, advanced structural analysis and on-board systems.Since aircraft design became a highly multidisciplinary activity,the development of multidisciplinary optimization (MDO) has becomea popular new discipline. Despite this, the application of MDOduring the conceptual design phase is…mehr

Produktbeschreibung
Although the overall appearance of modern airliners has notchanged a lot since the introduction of jetliners in the 1950s,their safety, efficiency and environmental friendliness haveimproved considerably. Main contributors to this have been gasturbine engine technology, advanced materials, computationalaerodynamics, advanced structural analysis and on-board systems.Since aircraft design became a highly multidisciplinary activity,the development of multidisciplinary optimization (MDO) has becomea popular new discipline. Despite this, the application of MDOduring the conceptual design phase is not yet widespread. Advanced Aircraft Design: Conceptual Design, Analysis andOptimization of Subsonic Civil Airplanes presents aquasi-analytical optimization approach based on a concise set ofsizing equations. Objectives are aerodynamic efficiency, missionfuel, empty weight and maximum takeoff weight. Independent designvariables studied include design cruise altitude, wing area andspan and thrust or power loading. Principal features ofintegrated concepts such as the blended wing and body and highlynon-planar wings are also covered. The quasi-analytical approach enables designers to compare theresults of high-fidelity MDO optimization with lower-fidelitymethods which need far less computational effort. Another advantageto this approach is that it can provide answers to "whatif" questions rapidly and with little computational cost. Key features: * Presents a new fundamental vision on conceptual airplane designoptimization * Provides an overview of advanced technologies for propulsionand reducing aerodynamic drag * Offers insight into the derivation of design sensitivityinformation * Emphasizes design based on first principles * Considers pros and cons of innovative configurations * Reconsiders optimum cruise performance at transonic Machnumbers Advanced Aircraft Design: Conceptual Design, Analysis andOptimization of Subsonic Civil Airplanes advances understandingof the initial optimization of civil airplanes and is a must-havereference for aerospace engineering students, applied researchers,aircraft design engineers and analysts.

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  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: John Wiley & Sons
  • Seitenzahl: 440
  • Erscheinungstermin: 26.04.2013
  • Englisch
  • ISBN-13: 9781118568088
  • Artikelnr.: 38402403
Autorenporträt
Egbert Torenbeek, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands Egbert Torenbeek is Professor Emeritus of Aircraft Design at Delft University of Technology. He graduated as an engineer in 1961 at TU Delft and in 1964 he became responsible for teaching the Aircraft Preliminary Design course at the department of Aerospace Engineering. After a sabbatical at Lockheed Georgia Company, he became a senior lecturer and full professor of the Aircraft Design chair at TU Delft, initiating research and teaching in computer-assisted aircraft design.
Inhaltsangabe
Foreword xv Series Preface xix Preface xxi Acknowledgements xxv 1 Design of theWell
Tempered Aircraft 1 1.1 How Aircraft Design Developed 1 1.2 Concept Finding 6 1.3 Product Development 8 1.4 Baseline Design in a Nutshell 13 1.5 Automated Design Synthesis 19 1.6 Technology Assessment 22 1.7 Structure of the Optimization Problem 25 Bibliography 27 2 Early Conceptual Design 31 2.1 Scenario and Requirements 31 2.2 Weight Terminology and Prediction 36 2.3 The Unity Equation 41 2.4 Range Parameter 46 2.5 Environmental Issues 51 Bibliography 56 3 Propulsion and Engine Technology 59 3.1 Propulsion Leading the Way 59 3.2 Basic Concepts of Jet Propulsion 60 3.3 Turboprop Engines 67 3.4 Turbofan Engine Layout 70 3.5 Power Plant Selection 74 4 Aerodynamic Drag and Its Reduction 81 4.1 Basic Concepts 81 4.2 Decomposition Schemes and Terminology 84 4.3 Subsonic Parasite and Induced Drag 87 4.4 Drag Polar Representations 95 4.5 Drag Prediction 99 4.6 Viscous Drag Reduction 106 4.7 Induced Drag Reduction 114 Bibliography 115 5 From Tube and Wing to Flying Wing 121 5.1 The Case for Flying Wings 121 5.2 Allocation of Useful Volume 127 5.3 Survey of Aerodynamic Efficiency 134 5.4 Survey of the Parameter ML/D 138 5.5 Integrated Configurations Compared 140 5.6 Flying Wing Design 149 Bibliography 152 6 Clean Sheet Design 157 6.1 Dominant and Radical Configurations 157 6.2 Morphology of Shapes 159 6.3 Wing and Tail Configurations 165 6.4 Aircraft Featuring a Foreplane 169 6.5 Non
Planar Lifting Systems 173 6.6 Joined Wing Aircraft 177 6.7 Twin
Fuselage Aircraft 182 6.8 Hydrogen
Fuelled Commercial Transports 186 6.9 Promising Concepts 189 Bibliography 190 7 Aircraft Design Optimization 197 7.1 The Perfect Design: An Illusion? 197 7.2 Elements of Optimization 198 7.3 Analytical or Numerical Optimization? 206 7.4 Large Optimization Problems 213 7.5 Practical Optimization in Conceptual Design 219 Bibliography 223 8 Theory of Optimum Weight 229 8.1 Weight Engineering: Core of Aircraft Design 229 8.2 Design Sensitivity 232 8.3 Jet Transport Empty Weight 234 8.4 Design Sensitivity of Airframe Drag 239 8.5 Thrust, Power Plant and Fuel Weight 243 8.6 Take
Off Weight, Thrust and Fuel Efficiency 249 8.7 Summary and Reflection 254 Bibliography 257 9 Matching Engines and Airframe 261 9.1 Requirements and Constraints 261 9.2 Cruise
Sized Engines 262 9.3 Low Speed Requirements 265 9.4 Schematic Take
Off Analysis 267 9.5 Approach and Landing 273 9.6 Engine Selection and Installation 275 Bibliography 278 10 Elements of Aerodynamic Wing Design 281 10.1 Introduction 281 10.2 Planform Geometry 283 10.3 Design Sensitivity Information 286 10.4 Subsonic Aircraft Wing 291 10.5 Constrained Optima 295 10.6 Transonic Aircraft Wing 298 10.7 Lift Coefficient and Aspect Ratio 304 10.8 Detailed Design 309 10.9 High Lift Devices 313 Bibliography 315 11 The Wing Structure and ItsWeight 319 11.1 Introduction 319 11.2 Methodology 321 11.3 Basic Wing Box 326 11.4 Inertia Relief and Design Loads 335 11.5 Non
Ideal Weight 338 11.6 Secondary Structures and Miscellaneous Items 344 11.7 Stress Levels in Aluminium Alloys 349 11.8 Refinements 352 11.9 Application 357 Bibliography 361 12 Unified Cruise Performance 363 12.1 Introduction 363 12.2 Maximum Aerodynamic Efficiency 366 12.3 The Parameter ML/D 371 12.4 The Range Parameter 374 12.5 Range in Cruising Flight 379 12.6 Cruise Procedures and Mission Fuel 382 12.7 Reflection 388 Bibliography 390 A Volumes, Surface and Wetted Areas 393 A.1 Wing 393 A.2 Fuselage 394 A.3 Tail Surfaces 395 A.4 Engine Nacelles and Pylons 395 A.5 Airframe Wetted Area 395 Bibliography 396 B International Standard Atmosphere 397 C Abbreviations 399 Index 403
Rezensionen
"Advanced Aircraft Design: Conceptual Design, Analysis and Optimization of Subsonic Civil Airplanes advances understanding of the initial optimization of civil airplanes and is a must-have reference for aerospace engineering students, applied researchers, aircraft design engineers and analysts." (Expofairs.com, 13 August 2013)