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Fire plays a key role in Earth system processes. Wildfires influence the carbon cycle and the nutrient balance of our planet, and may even play a role in regulating the oxygen content of our atmosphere. The evolutionary history of plants has been intimately tied to fire and this in part explains the distribution of our ecosystems and their ability to withstand the effects of natural fires today. Fire Phenomena and the Earth System brings together the various subdisciplines within fire science to provide a synthesis of our understanding of the role of wildfire in the Earth system. The book…mehr

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Produktbeschreibung
Fire plays a key role in Earth system processes. Wildfires influence the carbon cycle and the nutrient balance of our planet, and may even play a role in regulating the oxygen content of our atmosphere. The evolutionary history of plants has been intimately tied to fire and this in part explains the distribution of our ecosystems and their ability to withstand the effects of natural fires today. Fire Phenomena and the Earth System brings together the various subdisciplines within fire science to provide a synthesis of our understanding of the role of wildfire in the Earth system. The book shows how knowledge of fire phenomena and the nature of combustion of natural fuels can be used to understand modern wildfires, interpret fire events in the geological record and to understand the role of fire in a variety of Earth system processes. By bringing together chapters written by leading international researchers from a range of geological, environmental, chemical and engineering disciplines, the book will stimulate the exchange of ideas and knowledge across these subject areas. Fire Phenomena and the Earth System provides a truly interdisciplinary guide that can inform us about Earth s past, present and beyond. Readership: Advanced students and researchers across a wide range of earth, environmental and life sciences, including biogeochemistry, paleoclimatology, atmospheric science, palaeontology and paleoecology, combustion science, ecology and forestry.

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  • Produktdetails
  • Verlag: John Wiley & Sons
  • Seitenzahl: 352
  • Erscheinungstermin: 8. April 2013
  • Englisch
  • ISBN-13: 9781118529560
  • Artikelnr.: 38254041
Autorenporträt
Claire M. Belcher is Senior Lecturer in Earth System Science at the University of Exeter. Prior to this she held a unique joint position as a Marie Curie Fellow at the School of Geosciences and BRE Centre for Fire Safety Engineering at the University of Edinburgh. Her research is internationally recognised for integrating state-of-the-art modern experimental methods into studies of Earth's ancient past. She is not only seen as a leader in her field but also as an innovator and facilitator of interdisciplinary research within fire science, an approach which is reflected in this book.
Inhaltsangabe
Contributors
vii Foreword
ix Preface
xii Acknowledgements
xv PART 1 FIRE BEHAVIOUR
1 1 An Introduction to Combustion in Organic Materials
3 Jose L. Torero 2 Smouldering Fires and Natural Fuels
15 Guillermo Rein 3 Experimental Understanding of Wildland Fires
35 Albert Simeoni 4 Wildfire Behaviour and Danger Ratings
53 Eulalia Planas and Elsa Pastor 5 Satellite Remote Sensing of Fires
77 David P. Roy
Luigi Boschetti and Alistair M.S. Smith PART 2 FIRE AND THE BIOSPHERE
95 6 Understanding Fire Regimes and the Ecological Effects of Fire
97 G. Matt Davies 7 Plant Adaptations to Fire: an Evolutionary Perspective
125 Jeremy J. Midgley and William J. Bond 8 Fire and the Land Surface
135 Stefan H. Doerr and Richard A. Shakesby 9 Identification of Black Carbon in the Earth System
157 Karen Hammes and Samuel Abiven PART 3 FIRE AND THE EARTH'S PAST
177 10 Identifying Past Fire Events
179 Ian J. Glasspool and Andrew C. Scott 11 A 21 000-Year History of Fire
207 Mitchell J. Power 12 A 450-Million-Year History of Fire
229 Claire M. Belcher
Margaret E. Collinson and Andrew C. Scott PART 4 FIRE AND THE EARTH SYSTEM
251 13 Evaluating the Atmospheric Impact of Wildfires
253 Solene Turquety 14 The Dependence of Flame Spread and Probability of Ignition on Atmospheric Oxygen: an Experimental Investigation
273 Andrew J. Watson and James E. Lovelock 15 Fire Feedbacks on Atmospheric Oxygen
289 Timothy M. Lenton 16 Biochar and Carbon Sequestration
309 Ondøej Masek Index
323 Colour plate section 1 falls between pages 16 and 17 Colour plate section 2 falls between pages 192 and 193