Vegetation, soil and climate are the most important components of ecological systems. This long-awaited fourth edition of the well-established textbook by Heinrich Walter summarizes our knowledge of the earth's ecology and constitutes the basis for a deeper understanding of the larger interrelations on a global scale. While Walter's general concept remains unchanged, the individual chapters have been completely revised, enlarged and updated. The author's intimate knowledge of practically all classes of plants and climatic zones allows him to describe the various ecological systems in close…mehr
Vegetation, soil and climate are the most important components of ecological systems. This long-awaited fourth edition of the well-established textbook by Heinrich Walter summarizes our knowledge of the earth's ecology and constitutes the basis for a deeper understanding of the larger interrelations on a global scale. While Walter's general concept remains unchanged, the individual chapters have been completely revised, enlarged and updated. The author's intimate knowledge of practically all classes of plants and climatic zones allows him to describe the various ecological systems in close detail. This richly illustrated textbook is a must for every student in the plant sciences.
Professor Dr. Siegmar-Walter Breckle ist seit 1979 Leiter der Abteilung Ökologie der Universität Bielefeld
and Remarks.- 1 Aims of Ecological Science.- 2 Significance of Present-Day Ecology as a Philosophy.- 3 Human Impact on Ecosystems.- 4 Significance of Systematics and Taxonomy for Biology.- 5 Importance of Scientific Documentation.- 6 Importance of Excursions for Young Scientists.- General Section.- Ecological Fundamentals.- 1 Historical Perspective.- 2 Co-Evolution and Symbiosis.- 3 Biodiversity and Ecology of Populations.- 4 Climate and its Presentation (Homoclimates as well as Climate Diagram Maps).- 5 Environment and Competition.- 6 Ecological Factors.- 7 Radiation, Light and Basic Astronomy Elements.- 8 Temperature.- 9 Water Relations of Plants and Vegetation -Poikilohydric and Homeohydric Plants and Adaptation to Water Deficit.- 10 Halophytes and Saline Soils, Halobiomes.- 11 Mineral Supply and Soils.- 12 Ecotypes and the Law of Biotope Change and Relative Constancy of Habitat.- 13 Azonal and Extrazonal Vegetation.- Ecological Systems and Biology of Ecosystems.- 1 Geobiosphere and Hydrobiosphere.- 2 Hydrobiosphere.- 3 Classification of the Geobiosphere into Zonobiomes.- 4 Zonoecotones.- 5 Orobiomes.- 6 Pedobiomes.- 7 Hierarchy of Ecological Systems.- 8 Biome.- 9 Smaller Units of Ecological Systems: Biogeocenes and Synusiae.- 10 Biology and Characteristics of Ecosystems.- 11 Highly Productive Ecosystems.- 12 Special Features of Material Cycles in Different Ecosystems.- 13 Role of Fire for Ecosystems.- 14 Individual Zonobiomes and Their Distribution.- Special Section.- I Zonobiome of the Evergreen Tropical Rain Forest (Zonobiome of the Equatorial Humid Diurnal Climate).- 1 Typical Climate in Zonobiome I.- 2 Soils and Pedobiomes.- 3 Vegetation.- 4 Different Types of Vegetation in Zonobiome I Around the Equator.- 5 Orobiome I - Tropical Mountains with a Diurnal Climate.- 6 Biogeocenes of Zonobiome I as Ecosystems.- 7 Fauna and Nutritional Chains in Zonobiome I.- 8 Human Beings in Zonobiome I.- 9 Zonoecotone I/II - Semi-Evergreen Forest.- II Zonobiome of Savannas and Deciduous Forests and Grasslands (Zonobiome of the Humido-arid Tropical Summer Rain Region).- 1 General.- 2 Zonal Vegetation.- 3 Savannas (Trees and Grasses).- 4 Parkland.- 5 Examples of Larger Savanna Regions.- 6 Ecosystem Research.- 7 Tropical Hydrobiomes in Zonobiomes I and II.- 8 Mangroves as Halo-Helobiomes in Zonobiomes I and II.- 9 Shore Formations - Psammobiomes.- 10 Orobiome II - Tropical Mountains with an Annual Temperature Periodicity.- 11 Man in the Savanna.- 12 Zonoecotone II/III.- III Zonobiome of Hot Deserts (Zonobiome of Subtropical Arid Climates).- 1 Climatic Subzonobiomes.- 2 Soils and Their Water Content.- 3 Substrate-Dependent Desert Types.- 4 Water Supply of Desert Plants.- 5 Ecological Types of Desert Plants.- 6 Productivity of Desert Vegetation.- 7 Desert Vegetation of the Various Floristic Realms.- 8 Orobiome III - Desert Areas of the Subtropics.- 9 Humans in Deserts.- 10 Zonoecotone III/IV - Semi-Deserts.- IV Zonobiome of Sclerophyllic Woodlands (Zonobiome of the Arido-Humid Winter Rain Region).- 1 General.- 2 Historical Development of Zonobiome IV and Its Relationship with Zonobiome V.- 3 Mediterranean Region.- 4 Significance of Sclerophylly in Competition.- 5 Arid Mediterranean Subzonobiome.- 6 California and Neighbouring Regions.- 7 Central Chilean Winter Rain Region with Zonoecotone.- 8 South African Cape.- 9 South West and South Australia.- 10 Mediterranean Orobiome.- 11 Climate and Vegetation of the Canary Islands.- 12 Man in Mediterranean Regions.- V Zonobiome of Laurel Forests (Zonobiome of the Warm-Temperate Humid Climate).- 1 General.- 2 Tertiary Forests, Lauriphylly and Sclerophylly.- 3 Humid Subzonobiomes on the East Coast of the Continents.- 4 Subzonobiome on the West Side of Continents.- 5 Biome of Eucalyptus-Nothofagus Forests of South-Eastern Australia and Tasmania.- 6 Warm-Temperate Biome of New Zealand.- VI Zonobiome of Deciduous Forests (Zonobiome of the Temperate Nemoral Climate).- 1 Leaf Shedding as Adaptation
From the reviews of the fourth edition: "S.-W. Breckle has well succeeded in completing the former English edition (1985) by a high increase of knowledge. A number of figures are taken from more recent publications, however, without disturbing the character of this standard-work. ... Even though the revision of the classical textbook was difficult it can be considered to be successful. ... Altogether, this book should be part of the library of any vegetation ecologist." (Angelika Schwabe, Phytocoenologia, Vol. 34 (3), 2004) "This remarkable book is a compendium of the different vegetation types of the earth. ... The layout of the book is excellent. ... There are numerous informative photographs. ... An innovation that particularly appealed to me is the explanation of the meanings of the Greek and Latin words used in biology, in an index at the back of the book. ... I would recommend this book as essential reading to all students of botany, and an essential bit of background reading before travelling abroad." (Peter Lindner, Plant Systematics and Evolution, Vol. 241 (1-2), 2003) "This is the 4th revised and enlarged English edition of the 7th edition of Heinrich Walter's classic Vegetation und Klimazonen (1999) prepared by Siegmar-Walter Breckle ... . It is, in many ways, a remarkable book because of its great breadth and the vast amount of information it presents. It is of great value to all interested in global vegetation and the ecophysiological explanation for the distribution of major vegetation types." (H. J. B. Birks, Plant Talk, Issue 33, 2003)…mehr
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