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E. Dijkgraaf and R. H. J. M. Gradus 1. 1 Introduction In 2004 Elbert Dijkgraaf nished a PhD-thesis 'Regulating the Dutch waste market' at the Erasmus University Rotterdam. It was interesting that not much is published about the waste market, although it is a very important sector from an economic and environmental viewpoint. In 2006 we were participants at a very interesting conf- ence on Local Government Reform: privatization and public-private collaboration in Barcelona organized by Germa ` Bel. It was interesting to notice that researchers from Spain, Scandinavian countries, the UK and the…mehr
E. Dijkgraaf and R. H. J. M. Gradus 1. 1 Introduction In 2004 Elbert Dijkgraaf nished a PhD-thesis 'Regulating the Dutch waste market' at the Erasmus University Rotterdam. It was interesting that not much is published about the waste market, although it is a very important sector from an economic and environmental viewpoint. In 2006 we were participants at a very interesting conf- ence on Local Government Reform: privatization and public-private collaboration in Barcelona organized by Germa ` Bel. It was interesting to notice that researchers from Spain, Scandinavian countries, the UK and the USA were studying this issue as well. From this we brought forward the idea to publish a book about the waste market. Because of its legal framework we want to focus on Europe. In this chapter we give an introduction to this book. In the next paragraph we present a short overview of the waste collection market. Since 1960 the importance of the waste sector has increased substantially both in the waste streams and the costs of waste collection and treatment. Furthermore, we discuss policy measures to deal with these increases and give an overview of the different measures in - countries. In the last paragraph we present different chapters of our book. 1. 2 Empirical Update of the Waste Collection Market The Dutch case provides a nice example why studying the waste market is int- esting from an economic point of view.
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1. Introduction.- 1.1 Empirical update of the waste collection market.- 1.2 Description and purpose of the book.- Reference list.- 2. Cost saving of contracting out refuse collection in the Netherlands.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 Effects of tendering: Estimations for the Netherlands.- 2.2.1 Method.- 2.2.2 Data.- 2.2.3 Fiscal aspects.- 2.2.4 Results.- 2.3 Robustness of results.- 2.4 Conclusions.- Reference list.- 3. Contracting out refuse collection in the Netherlands.- 3.1 Introduction.- 3.2 Theoretical issues.- 3.3 Data.- 3.3.1 Institutional forms.- 3.3.2 Output variables.- 3.3.3 Wealth variables.- 3.3.4 Interest group variables.- 3.3.5 Political variables.- 3.4 Estimation results: logit.- 3.5 Robustness of results.- 3.6 Conclusions.- Reference list.- 4. Contracting out in Sweden: Ownership and production costs.- 4.1 Introduction.- 4.2 Data and the decision-making process.- 4.3 Models and estimation strategy.- 4.3.1 How it has usually been done.- 4.3.2 Why it may be wrong.- 4.3.3 How it could be done.- 4.4 Theoretical framework.- 4.5 Evidence: costs and producer choice.- 4.5.1 Representative sample.- 4.5.2 Producer choice.- 4.5.3 Cost functions.- 4.5.4 Producer choice taking costs into account.- 4.5.5 Model selection.- 4.6 Concluding remarks.- Reference list.- Appendix A: The data.- Appendix B: Maximum likelihood estimations.- 5. Does public ownership impair efficiency in Norwegian refuse collection?- 5.1 Introduction.- 5.2 Corporate governance versus political economy.- 5.2.1 Corporate governance theory.- 5.2.2 Political economy theory.- 5.2.3 Empirical studies on public ownership.- 5.3 Refuse collectio in Norwegian local government.- 5.4 The impact of dispersed ownership on costs and user charges.- 5.5. Conclusions.- Reference list.- 6. Refuse collection in Spain: Privatization, intermunicipal cooperation, and concentration.- 6.1 Introduction.- 6.2 The structureof the solid waste service production in Spain.- 6.3 Intermunicipal cooperation.- 6.4 Concentration and competition in the private market for concessions.- 6.5 Conclusions.- Reference list.- Appendix A.- 7. How to get increasing competition in the Dutch refuse collection market?- 7.1 Introduction.- 7.2 Development of the Dutch Refuse Collection Market over time.- 7.3 Methodology and data.- 7.4 Results.- 7.5 Conclusions.- Reference list.- 8. Dutch cost savings in unit-based pricing of household waste.- 8.1 Introduction.- 8.2 Effects of unit-based pricing.- 8.2.1 Method and data.- 8.2.2 Results.- 8.2.3 The price elasticities of the pricing systems.- 8.3 The importance of environmental activism.- 8.4 The effect on surrounding municipalities.- 8.5 Administrative costs and illegal dumping.- 8.6 Conclusions.- Reference list.- Appendix A: Definition of variables.- 9. Assessing instruments for mixed household solid waste collection services in Flanders.- 9.1 Introduction.- 9.2 Waste management instruments.- 9.2.1 Pecuniary incentives.- 9.2.2 Service level.- 9.2.3 Municipality specific characteristics.- 9.2.4 Waste reduction and prevention.- 9.2.5 Objective.- 9.3 Conceptual framework.- 9.4 Methodology and data collection.- 9.5 Results and discussion.- 9.6 Conclusions and future research topics.- Reference list.- 10. Final comments and future research.- 10.1 Final comments.- 10.2 Future reseach.- References list.- Index.
From the reviews:
"This specialized work on the topic of solid waste collection management in five European countries consists of eight substantive chapters: four on Holland and one each on Sweden, Norway, Spain, and Belgium. ... for those concerned with the efficiency of municipal operations ... this work, edited by academicians from the Netherlands, is a valuable resource containing much food for thought. Summing Up: Recommended. Comprehensive graduate, research, and professional collections." (J. Prager, Choice, Vol. 46 (11), July, 2009)
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