How did the Solar System s chemical composition evolve? This
textbook provides the answers in the first interdisciplinary
introduction to cosmochemistry. It makes this exciting and evolving
field accessible to undergraduate and graduate students from a
range of backgrounds, including geology, chemistry, astronomy and
physics. The authors - two established leaders who have pioneered
developments in the field - provide a complete background to
cosmochemical processes and discoveries, enabling students outside
geochemistry to understand and explore the Solar System s
composition. Topics covered include: - synthesis of nuclides in
stars - partitioning of elements between solids, liquids and gas in
the solar nebula - overviews of the chemistry of extraterrestrial
materials - isotopic tools used to investigate processes such as
planet accretion and element fractionation - chronology of the
early Solar System - geochemical exploration of planets Boxes
provide basic definitions and mini-courses in mineralogy, organic
chemistry, and other essential background information for students.
Review questions and additional reading for each chapter encourage
students to explore cosmochemistry further.
Ausstattung/Bilder: 2010. 568 p. w. 221 figs. and 36 tabs.
Abmessung: 32mm x 198mm x 254mm
A comprehensive treatment of the field of Cosmochemistry has been lacking and is long overdue. Hap McSween and Gary Huss have written a thorough and thoroughly enjoyable book that fills this gap. A really comprehensive, highly readable and overall first rate book. I highly recommend it to any scientist with interests in the chemistry and origins of solar systems. There is no doubt that I will adopt it for my own graduate course. Scott M. McLennan, State University of New York, Stony Brook
'A comprehensive treatment of the field of Cosmochemistry has been lacking and is long overdue. Hap McSween and Gary Huss have written a thorough and thoroughly enjoyable book that fills this gap. A really comprehensive, highly readable and overall first rate book. I highly recommend it to any scientist with interests in the chemistry and origins of solar systems. There is no doubt that I will adopt it for my own graduate course.' Scott M. McLennan, State University of New York, Stony Brook 'This new book by Hap McSween and Gary Huss, two highly acclaimed scientists in the field, takes on the difficult task of making the observations and core concepts of cosmochemistry clearly understandable to a non-specialized audience. The scope is broad, the pace pleasant, so this book will certainly be a very useful reference for introductory classes on the origin of the Solar System.' Francis Albarede, Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon 'This textbook provides a comprehensive overview of the modern field of cosmochemistry. A diverse range of topics ... are covered in a logical and coherent manner. ... This book should be considered indispensable for any student in the Earth and Planetary Sciences. It also serves as an essential reference for any researcher interested in planetary materials and the origins of planetary systems.' Dante S. Lauretta, Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson
Harry (Hap) McSween is Chancellor's Professor at the University of Tennessee. He has conducted research on cosmochemistry for more than three decades and was one of the original proponents of the hypothesis that some meteorites are from Mars. He has been a co-investigator for four NASA spacecraft missions and serves on numerous advisory committees for NASA and the US National Research Council. Dr McSween has written or edited four books on meteorites and planetary science, and co-authored a textbook in geochemistry. He is a former President and Fellow of the Meteoritical Society, a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, recipient of the Leonard Medal, and has an asteroid named for him. Gary Huss is a Research Professor and Director of the W. M. Keck Cosmochemistry Laboratory at the Hawaii Institute for Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawaii at Manoa. In more than three decades of research on cosmochemistry, he was among the first to study presolar grains, the raw materials for the Solar System. He presently studies the chronology of the early Solar System. He comes from a family of meteorite scientists: his grandfather, H. H. Nininger, has been called the father of modern meteoritics, and his father, Glenn Huss, and grandfather were responsible for recovering over 500 meteorites previously unknown to science. Dr Huss is a former President and Fellow of the Meteoritical Society and also has an asteroid named for him.
Preface; 1. Introduction to cosmochemistry; 2. Nuclides and elements the building blocks of matter; 3. Origin of the elements; 4. Solar System and cosmic abundances elements and isotopes; 5. Presolar grains a record of stellar nucleosynthesis and processes in interstellar space; 6. Meteorites a record of nebular and planetary processes; 7. Cosmochemical and geochemical fractionations; 8. Radioisotopes as chronometers; 9. Chronology of the early Solar System; 10. The most volatile elements and compounds organic matter, noble gases, and ices; 11. Chemistry of anhydrous planetesimals; 12. Chemistry of comets and other ice-bearing planetesimals; 13. Geochemical exploration of planets Moon and Mars as case studies; 14. Cosmochemical models for the formation of the Solar System; Appendix: some analytical techniques commonly used in cosmochemistry; Index.