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Russian Futurism is the term used to denote a group of Russian
poets and artists who adopted the principles of
Marinetti''s manifesto. Russian futurism may be said to
have been born in December 1912, when the Moscow-based group Hylaea
(Russian: [Gileya]) (founded in 1910 by David Burlyuk and his
brothers at their estate near Kherson and quickly joined by Vasily
Kamensky and Velimir Khlebnikov, Aleksey Kruchenykh and Vladimir
Mayakovsky joining in 1911) issued a manifesto entitled A Slap in
the Face of Public Taste. Although Hylaea is generally held to be
the most influential group of Russian Futurism, other centres were
formed in St. Petersburg (Igor Severyanin''s
Ego-Futurists), Moscow (Tsentrifuga, with Boris Pasternak among its
members), Kiev, Kharkov, and Odessa.